"Never before has a handful of people working at a tech companies been able to steer the thoughts and feelings of a billion people." - Tristan Harris
EPISODE 4 OUT NOW: https://youtu.be/sYJ_0QqU8cs
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We’re in the middle of an Attention War – where big tech battle it out to win over our eyeballs. Our attention spans are considered a precious—and scarce—commodity. So what is the price of your attention? In this mini-series, we'll explore the psychology, design and impact of tech and social media on both ourselves and society. A new episode will be released every Friday for the next six weeks.
This week we explore Facebook's impact on society – how it's changed mass grief and other social norms. Many thanks to Zeynep Tufekci, Amber Westerholm-Smyth and Makenna for their contributions to this episode.
BrainCraft was created by Vanessa Hill (@nessyhill) and is brought to you by PBS Digital Studios. Talking psychology, neuroscience & why we act the way we do.
This mini-series was created by:
Vanessa Hill - Director, Presenter, Co-Producer
Margie Bryant - Producer
Aline Jacques - Post Producer
Bahar Gholipour - Associate Producer
Dominique Taylor - Editor
Stephen Boyle - Legal and Business Affairs
James Hutson - Animator
Field Producers - Bahar Gholipour, Georgia Quinn, Mehrnaz Farahmand
Crew - Finn Boyle-Moore, Jacques Lang, Tim Oxford, Trace Dominquez, Alex Rapine, Andy Kulikowski, Angelina Bruno
John Hresc - Sound Mix
Andrew Arbuthnot - Investment Manager, Screen Australia
Adam Dylewski - Programming Director, PBS Digital Studios
Hi again! Just overthinking the impact of tech on society. As Tristan Harris said, never before has a handful of people working at a few tech companies been able to steer the thoughts and feelings of a billion people.
What do you think – is this cause for concern? Or just the new way society evolves?
It seems to me that these digital bubbles are just estimulating our tribal instincts more and more, leading to polarization We humans are always vulnerable to confirmation bias because we prefer to maintain our beliefs that challenge them, but we really need to be exposed to different ideas in order to know what is actually true.
Also, it's weird that a company supposedly concerned about communities is just fine promoting opposed but complementary communities of outrage as long as it's profitable. I guess communities hating each other are just fine for FB if you spend a lot of time hating on them.
the main concern is the dependency on the non - biodegradable plastics needed to maintain the "virtual reality" culture that humanity seems to prefer right now. the second concern is the disconnect from the actual reality of nature and physical socialization.
on a more mundane level, people need to wise up and stop believing "if it's on the internet, it must be true".
and please, humanity, please step off the drama train for a minute and go sit in that quiet meadow without any devices till the withdrawal symptoms from your digital addiction pass.....
I'm really enjoying this series! And fantastic question, I do think that there is cause for concern and critical questioning of how and why social media companies are controlling so much virtual space. The internet is far from a neutral place, and I think the vast scale and scope of these platforms makes it difficult for us to understand how much control we give up to use their services. On the other hand, your YouTube channel and others are stepping up to offer a refreshing counterpoint, raising awareness, and communicating science to a wide audience. Ultimately, all technology is socially developed, and Facebook giants follow in the same legacy as the wheel, or the spoon, or atomic fission. It's up to us to decide how and why we use these tools. I hope we can make informed and nuanced decisions. Thanks for the conversation!
it doesn't help when the cities we live in can't handle all the people in their community when they decide to go out like in pokemon go. Toronto for example, began to put bans on playing pokemon go in certain areas as there wasn't enough space. To consider that the cities we live in also would prefer that we stay online is a sad thought
i went into this thinking this would be another right wing hating video, a video saying that these huge platforms had the moral duty to keep some oppinions down, and ban those holding them, as we see facebook, twitter PayPal, and patreon doing today.
but it turned out to be a very refreshing neutral take, it reminded me of how some of my sister's far left friends were super anti facebook and so on, for corporate reasons, and how me and my more right wing friends were sort of mad at these companies for censorring content that used to be fine, for no other reason than political biass
if facebook is a church i guess i'm a christmas and easter sort of person. i basically never go on facebook and since i did that i started feeling better. it's difficult at first but after you get over the initial bump of feeling left out you learn how to be happy for yourself and learn what you really enjoy. i don't think i could go back to facebook now that i've left it's just so much easier.
What about how new generations are getting used to sharing their personal information, redefining what privacy actually means?
If you REALLY want to be optimistic, you could hope that this is going to build a new culture of transparency, leading to transparent societies and, possibly, just possibly, more transparent governments.
Being more realistic, this new culture of exposure is starting to be a huge and very profitable asset for corporations and current governments interested in practicing propaganda, social engineering, social control and profiling of civilians.
I find this recurring narrative -- "we, the cogs of The System, don't do anything bad ... it's just that these mysterious bots and algorithms we force onto you all, that coincidentally make us oceans of money in return, are just _too good_ at feeding you the digital junkfood you little piggies secretly want" -- to be suspiciously convenient for exactly the people who keep pushing it.
It directs all focus on the subjects of the action and none on the literal perpetrators.
To be fair, it's probably best that arrogant, detached, cosmopolitan technocrats _don't_ take on some "burden" of more strictly regulating the information diet of the bewildered herd. So maybe this whole 'public conversation' should be delayed for as long as possible. Because it probably just results in more censorship and segregation.
Ma'am, I love your show, but II have to say some words on this one
First, company & corporate stuff aren't the only tools .. there's Diaspora* , Movim , Minds & many more .... also Linux on a normal, freer laptop than that locked down Ma¢book Pro — Free & Open Source Software that's decentralized has gathered sufficient momentum— think of the cryptocurrency based ones like LBRY or Steemit or instance
Second, I don't know if ML is being implemented in such a way, but in chaotic systems, simple microscopic interaction functions do evolve in unpredictable ways giving strange results on a 'macroscopic' scale. A bit far off example, but think of the Schrödinger Equation, the epitome of uncertainty, which on the macroscopic scale gives us classical mechanics, the epitome of certainty, courtesy the correspondence principle
Third, it's good that you've talked about how we are only bounded by practicality to only 6 emotions: like, love, haha, wow, sad & angry ... but aren't we bound by several such constraints in real life too? For instance, Vote, Pay, Loan, Charge Money & so on? ☺
Huh, I love the video, but that graphic you show around 2 minutes in has Facebook at the top with the longest bar and 2.27 Billion members, and the second place with a shorter bar is Christianity with 2.4 Billion members... Are the numbers supposed to be flipped or the bars? =P
For my 2018 new years resolution, I gave up facebook for a year. The biggest thing that I seem to be missing out on by doing this, was a lot of gossip. I keep being asked if I saw so-and-so post this and that on facebook. So much of that stuff is just none of my business to even know. To be quite honest, I don't have any want to go back to using facebook anymore.
I gave up Facebook years ago, and it was a really, really good thing for me. Much happier having left it. Too much gossip and trying to keep up with an unreasonable representation of other people's lives.
I'm sorry. This was a major let down. Your content is usually much more detailed and in depth. This was far too much pop psychology summarization of topics and points that have been explored in more detail and explained with more clarity over the last 5 years.
I feel like this was intended to be some kind of primer for people who aren't digital natives and are unfamiliar with the way Facebook capitalizes of any form of human interaction and fosters echo chambers. CGP Grey did a fantastic analysis on this some years ago.
I don't belive that this knowledge is widely unknown these days. Then again, that is likely the perspective harboured by my own echo chamber.
Overall I guess I was just left down by this episode and I hope that future episodes do not continue to simplify their subject matter as much.
I love the utility that FB offers, but hate what they've done to the platform re: removing utility, and doing it to keep us around longer.
If we could find out how much they profit from each of us per month, and then offer more than that to both have an account and *not be sold*, is there a way to make that socially palatable?
constant information will only be our downfall if it is false information. As long as the companies decide to advertise and produce truthful information i think it will all be fine. We are still in a state of the awakening of a collective consciousness as a society. Time will tell.
What are those kids doing on facebook... its not facebook that terrible, it's those children's parents....??? Terrible terrible, she said when she is on facebook she is unhappy, leading to so many problems... why would you allow such a young child to go online and be exposed to everything on the net, it's like letting your child watch every movie or TV show unsupervised, curses, nude scenes, war scenes, everything an arms reach for your child... bad parents... very bad!
I think we should start saying armored filter bubbles, the concept of some sort of filter bubble is not really a bad thing but when it's impenetrable or even just hard to penetrate, that is when it becomes a problem. For example a filter bubble made of soap may seem to only prevent me from having to constantly hear a genre of music that I don't like but an armored filter bubble prevents me from finding out that a different race of people exists so when something finally does penetrate that bubble it is seen as an invader and now you have a race war.
Facebook is very strange indeed... it turn into a platform to make revenue in an "artificial reality" and not to make friends in our "physical reality" and whats worse is that these two realities are even more apart and not interacting with each-other... in my opinion Facebook lacks strong competitors with different policies and ideologies in how you can interact with your friends online or make new ones even if only online.
I would advice to simply close your Facebook accounts and live your real life as it is! I done it for years and I have more time for my things and my hobbies and all that! :)
So is the "Distorted Reality" that you say in the video the same or the result of the idea of "post-truth"? That the definition of post-truth is ignoring real facts and just believe in what satisfies us or confirms our beliefs.
4:44 wrt the photo filters it also pushes a very western view, in the wake of those filters and Hebdo there were also earthquakes in the middle east and various other disasters the very same day and FB did nothing, it's a huge contributor as to why I stopped using FB unless absolutely necessary. But also wrt Hebdo specifically FB approached it from a perspective forgetting the Islamophobia there and thus perpetuating certain cultural norms which are best not perpetuated and yet this is a site so big people will have been taught that what happened there was okay.
I just use the groups on facebook as a way to communicate with club members in college. My profile is completely blank. And if I do post something on facebook, I choose to share it with "only me" and it will be a bookmark link or reminder to myself. There is no personal information on facebook. I treat facebook like email. It is just another communication tool.
The video was well done and decently researched, but there's quite a bit of misinformation. For example, social bubbles existed long before Facebook and the internet. And neural networks do have a human component to them... and they have training sets... and they have adversarial networks... The way they were boiled down in this video greatly does a disservice to the public.
The love to hate/blame Facebook lately is honestly preventing all the other factors that are causing poor human behavior from reaching the spotlight. Facebook needs to clean itself up. It is by far not the only problem.
+John C Dyess I don't see how that invalidates what I've said. People are still a part of the process. They still have to make the maker neural networks, they still have to double-check the results the neural networks are actually accomplishing the goals the company wants. Just because a neural network is passing a test doesn't mean it's solving the right problem.
I have this video a 5humbs down. Why? It didn't show how many are not influenced by social media or anything else. Each age group, educational statue, and endless other variables people may be apart. Higher educational people can be influenced, but differently than a lower educated person. If so many spend hours and hours each day on Facebook, something is wrong. This is called an obsession. It may not be the fault of Facebook, Twitter, etc. Someone mentioned A.I. Right now that technology has an I.Q. of a lab rat. When are Americans going to take responsibility for themselves and stop blaming 3veryone and everything? As Shakespeare said, "Dear Brutus, our fault doesn't lie in our Stars but in ourselves."
7:03 So you mention how animosity towards migrants was incited on social media but you fail to mention how ISIS spread propaganda, recruited people and organized terror attacks using Facebook? Seems youre playing the same game as Facebook, manipulating public opinion.
DOES ANYBODY USE THOSE USELESS FB FEATURES!? I use FB just to chat with people, when I open my browser, it also opens a tab with FB messenger, so I don't see any FB features and when I leave thay safe place, I don't see my friends being obsessed, nor do they care about things that are discussed in this video... This is not a thing or I have friends who are mentally sane, it's just bullshit
You know you dont actually have to use Facebook right? World wont automatically go dark if you dont share your latest 'wow' with your besties on Facebook. And if you feel like it will, youre the problem.
I only ever use the like button, hate emotes. I never became a user of the pic filters or screens for a tragedy or celebration. its a mass psych experiment and memories, i rarely ever share or use their friend suggestions. like the current nonsense of donations. and i never use FB to log into another website. so majority of the platform is not directed towards me.
(Almost) everything in this video I recognise, in one way or another, as time progresses, which is why I do everything I can to not do what Faecebook wants me to do, while still using the platform.
We all have minds, we should use them more. Stop reacting, start thinking. I've literally lost count of the number of fake posts I've commented on and referred to more accurate sources. It's a concern but perhaps it shouldn't be. People, in general, are easily led, which is why propaganda works so well. Even with the vast amount of information we have at our fingertips, too many people deserve to be spoon fed, rather than seeking out the knowledge for themselves.
Keep up the good work, I'm looking forward to the rest of this series!
Am I the only one who barely uses fb anymore? I mean, for messaging sometimes, or send a link to someone I wanna show something but, apart from that, I find it quite boring lmfao what do ppl do in fb all day?
I've been thinking on an off to leave FB but for the most part its still a great tool to organise gatherings and communicate. Starting at a new Uni next year I'm going to have to use it a bit more to communicate with other students and organise study sessions etc (possibly) . For the time being Im stuck with it just have to so self aware how much time I spend/waste on it that goes for Youtube too
EXTREMELY good video. Social media websites have changed our culture and civilization in a way that we will never recover from for... money. There is a generation out there that have been using iPads and Laptops since they were born and as young as 12 have a Facebook account. I like the notion that Mr Zuckerberg makes in that he wants Facebook to be our community centre (I'd actually never known that before now and was interesting to see that- will likely read the article later) because we don't go to a church 24 hours of the day, 7 days of the week. My parents used to go to a bowling club for some drinks on a Friday night and my grandparents would always go to church on Sunday morning. These are both events that extend from 1-3 hours and happen once a week. To say he wants to recreate this would be to physically turn off and limit Facebook to maybe 6 hours on a Saturday.
Every country has it's own culture, within that every state has their own culture to many cites or suburbs having their own culture. No 2 places are the same yet Facebook FORCES us all into the same room. Facebook is turning into one super country with it's own culture (I don't want to get too political but it's fairly left leaning). Joining Facebook is a lot like joining a religion that you are apart of all day, every day. To leave the church you need to turn off your phone and shutdown your laptop because the moment you hear that bing, you will want to look at it and walk back into those doors. Even if you don't get your phone out- our brain is just wired now to want to see it. Someone, somewhere in the world has made some form of communication with you whether it be a like, a comment or a share. We are social being and we crave that knowledge.
I went on a bit of a rant there and still have so much more to say...
TL;DR: Government needs to restrict social media to one day of the week??
Between two parallel conducting wires at distance r, free electrons are repelling each other with electrostatic force F=Ke x ee/rr. That force conducts emf between the two conductors. If electrons move in one conductor, it will induce an opposite direction emf in other conductor. The strength of the induced emf is inversely proportional to distance square.
A magnet carries circular electric force field. One pole has clockwise electric force one pole has counterclockwise electric force.
Magnetic force is circular electric force. A current passing wire does not create a circular magnetic force/field, it creates an electric force, which line up with compass/magnet carried electric force line, make the compass move to 90 degrees to the wire.
Every magnetic atom/magton contains 2 atoms. 2 atoms of a ferromagnetic matter before magnetize, we put it as 00. if 1 electron moves from 1 atom to the next atom and stays there as -1+1, the 2 atoms become a magton, it carries a special property now, we call it magnetic force. -1+1, -2+2, -3+3...-n+n are all magtons but carry different magnetic force strength. Same direction magtons attract and opposite direction magtons repel.
Before magnetize, atoms in the magnet are all neutral. After magnetize, atoms become magton line up into concentric rings all across the poles.
Use copper wire winding around a ferromagnetic core, put a current, the electrons in the wire move in circles around the core, induced emf in the core make atoms in the core arrange into magtons as -1+1, -1+1, -1+1 direction all the way through, on the north pole plane, magtons are arranged into clockwise concentric circles of -1+1, -1+1, -1+1 direction. On the south pole plane , magtons are arranged into counterclockwise concentric rings of -1+1, -1+1, -1+1 direction.
Faraday's law of induction is a misinterpretation.
Electromagnetic induction was discovered independently by Michael Faraday in 1831 and Joseph Henry in 1832. Faraday was the first to publish the results of his experiments. In Faraday's first experimental demonstration of electromagnetic induction (August 29, 1831), he wrapped two wires around opposite sides of an iron ring (torus) (an arrangement similar to a modern toroidal transformer). Based on his assessment of recently discovered properties of electromagnets, he expected that when current started to flow in one wire, a sort of wave would travel through the ring and cause some electrical effect on the opposite side. He plugged one wire into a galvanometer, and watched it as he connected the other wire to a battery. Indeed, he saw a transient current (which he called a "wave of electricity") when he connected the wire to the battery, and another when he disconnected it.:182–183 This induction was due to the change in magnetic flux that occurred when the battery was connected and disconnected. Wiki
There is no magnetic flux. When current flow in one wire, induced emf in the core make atoms in the core arrange into magtons as -1+1, -1+1, -1+1 direction all the way through, this emf induce a temporary current in other wire. When the battery disconnected, lose of emf in the core cause the magtons to return to atoms, this electrons movement in the core induce an opposite temporary current again in the other wire.
There is no electromagnetic wave, only electric wave/electrostatic wave. Because magnetic force/field decays at 1/R^3, light strength decays at 1/R^2.
People often look at the Black Mirror episode, "Nosedive," and think it's glimpse into the future. Actually, this isn't a look into the future, it's just a caricature of our current society. It is how society works today, if just a bit more exaggerated. You can be denied work for your social media posts, you can be denied child custody, the government can investigate you of a crime because of your posts, people you meet might shun you for your posts, etc. The only thing missing is the score. Credit bureaus might be implementing their own version of a social credit score very soon as well.
A partial solution is Fluff Busting Purity. No, I'm serious, it's a browser addon with a funny name: https://www.fbpurity.com/ https://www.facebook.com/fluffbustingpurity It keeps facebook cleaner than it would otherwise be, it can filter out a lot of crap.
Although foreigners may now invest in A-shares, there is a monthly 20 percent limit on repatriation of funds to foreign countries.
Performance of A-shares.
Since its inception in 1990, including a major reform in 2002, the index has seen great fluctuations. Overall, however, it has grown along with the Chinese economy. The years 2015 to 2016 were a particularly difficult period, with a 52-week performance of -21.55 percent as of July 20, 2016.
As China grows from an emerging market to an advanced economy, there is substantial demand for Chinese equity. Stock exchange regulators continue efforts to make A-shares more broadly available to foreign investors and have them recognized by the global investing community.
In June 2017, the MSCI Emerging Markets Index announced a long-awaited decision it would add stocks to its index. According to CNBC, MSCI will add 222 China A Large Cap stocks to its benchmark emerging markets index gradually beginning in 2018. The MSCI website reveals the stocks it will list include the Bank of China, China Merchants Bank, Guotai Junan, Ping An Insurance, according to a document on Tsingtao Brewery, SAIC Motor, Suning Commerce and Spring Airlines.
Current Dividend Preference.
Participating Preferred Stock.
Convertible Preferred Stock.
Cumulative preferred stock includes a provision that requires the company to pay preferred shareholders all dividends, including those that were omitted in the past, before the common shareholders are able to receive their dividend payments.
Non-cumulative preferred stock does not issue any omitted or unpaid dividends. If the company chooses not to pay dividends in any given year, the shareholders of the non-cumulative preferred stock have no right or power to claim such forgone dividends at any time in the future.
Participating preferred stock provides its shareholders with the right to be paid dividends in an amount equal to the generally specified rate of preferred dividends, plus an additional dividend based on a predetermined condition. This additional dividend is typically designed to be paid out only if the amount of dividends received by common shareholders is greater than a predetermined per-share amount. If the company is liquidated, participating preferred shareholders may also have the right to be paid back the purchasing price of the stock as well as a pro-rata share of remaining proceeds received by common shareholders.
Significance to Investors.