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Employee Stock Options | Compensation Expense | Accounting

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In this video, we look at Stock options and Share-based compensation in detail. We will also see How a Stock options Agreement works and many more. 𝐈𝐧𝐭𝐫𝐨𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐭𝐨 𝐒𝐭𝐨𝐜𝐤 𝐁𝐚𝐬𝐞𝐝 𝐂𝐨𝐦𝐩𝐞𝐧𝐬𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 --------------------------------------------------------------------- Stock options allow the employees to buy certain shares at a predetermined price. These options are allocated only for specific employees. These options are different from other options. 𝐇𝐨𝐰 𝐚 𝐒𝐭𝐨𝐜𝐤 𝐎𝐩𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬 𝐀𝐠𝐫𝐞𝐞𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭 𝐖𝐨𝐫𝐤𝐬? ---------------------------------------------------------------- We will take an example, lets say Sr executive of the company to whom the company has given the stock options of around 3000 shares. And the company will allow him to exercise his options only after 3 years. That shows how a company can use the vesting period as a motivation for the employee to stay with company. 𝐓𝐚𝐱𝐚𝐛𝐢𝐥𝐢𝐭𝐲 𝐨𝐟 𝐒𝐭𝐨𝐜𝐤 𝐎𝐩𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬 ------------------------------------------ Mainly there are 2 types of Stock Options. They are: 𝟭. 𝗡𝗼𝗻 𝗤𝘂𝗮𝗹𝗶𝗳𝗶𝗲𝗱 𝗦𝘁𝗼𝗰𝗸 𝗼𝗽𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀: These options are also referred as Non-Statutory Stock Options. These options are open for taxability. In simple words we can say these options are taxable. 𝟮. 𝗜𝗻𝗰𝗲𝗻𝘁𝗶𝘃𝗲 𝗦𝘁𝗼𝗰𝗸 𝗼𝗽𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀: These options are also referred as Incentive share options or qualified share options. But these options get tax benefits. That means no tax is applicable for these options. 𝐄𝐱𝐚𝐦𝐩𝐥𝐞 𝐨𝐟 𝐍𝐨𝐧 𝐐𝐮𝐚𝐥𝐢𝐟𝐢𝐞𝐝 𝐒𝐭𝐨𝐜𝐤 𝐨𝐩𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬 ---------------------------------------------------------------- Lets think that a employee gets non qualified stock options. And this option allows him to buy 200 shares of his company at a predetermined price i.e of $35. Now, the day the employee exercises his option, he will be eligible for tax. And the market price is $40 at the time of exercise. Now the tax will be based on the difference between the predetermined price & price at which the option holder exercises the option. In this case it is $(40-35)*200 = 1000 To know more about Stock Based Compensation, you can go this 𝐥𝐢𝐧𝐤 𝐡𝐞𝐫𝐞: https://www.wallstreetmojo.com/share-stock-based-compensation-expense/
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