Revision notes and practice question for gas exchange: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/gas-exchange-11804216 Follow me on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/sciencesauce_online/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/science_sauce Facebook: https://facebook.com/sciencesauceonline/ The alveoli ("many alveoli", "one alveolus") are the sites of gas exchange in the lungs. They are tiny air sacks sometimes described as being cauliflower-shaped. Oxygen diffuses across the lining of the alveoli and blood capillaries into and into red blood cells. Carbon dioxide diffuses from the blood to the alveoli. A concentration gradient is maintained by breathing as well as blood flow. The main adaptation of the gas exchange surface are: 1. Large surface area 2. Thin wall 3. Moist lining 4. Good blood supply 5. Good ventilation
Views: 241115 Science Sauce
Why do our bodies need to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide with the air, and how do they do it? This video is part of our Body Systems unit. You can find out more about Stile at https://stileeducation.com/ or check out the unit here: https://stileapp.com/au/library/publishers/cosmos-magazine/compilations/cosmos-lessons/5791d5d0-d006-4efb-8974-9294b6b56048
Views: 46758 Stile Education
Gas Exchange Physiology Animation ✔✔✔FOR MORE MEDICAL VIDEOS VISIT: http://freemedicalvideos.com/ Website: http://www.medical-institution.com/ Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/Medicalinstit... Twitter: https://twitter.com/USMLE_HighYield This information is intended for educational purposes only, and should not be interpreted as medical advice. Please consult your physician for advice about changes that may affect your health. This Animation video teaches you the basic concept of Gas Exchange Physiology in the respiratory system. What is gas exchange How does gas exchange work Why is gas exchange important Oxygen exchange Respiratory system
Views: 603590 Medical Institution
Find my revision workbooks here: https://www.freesciencelessons.co.uk/workbooks/shop/ In this video, we look at how gases are exchanged in the lungs. We start by looking at the overall structure of the lungs and then explore how the alveoli are adapted for maximum diffusion of gases in and out of the bloodstream. Deliberate Thought by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/?keywords=deliberate+thought Artist: http://incompetech.com/ Image credits: All images were created by and are the property of Autonomy Education Ltd.
Views: 133253 Freesciencelessons
So we all know that breathing is pretty important, right? Today we're going to talk about how it works, starting with the nameless evolutionary ancestor that we inherited this from, and continuing to the mechanics of both simple diffusion and bulk flow, as well as the physiology of breathing, and finishing with the anatomy of both the conducting zone and the respiratory zone of your respiratory system. Table of Contents The Mechanics of Both Simple Diffusion and Bulk Flow 2:44 The Physiology of Breathing 4:07 Anatomy of the Conducting Zone 5:47 Anatomy of Respiratory Zone 7:07 *** Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Jan Schmid, Simun Niclasen, Robert Kunz, Daniel Baulig, Jason A Saslow, Eric Kitchen, Christian, Beatrice Jin, Anna-Ester Volozh, Eric Knight, Elliot Beter, Jeffrey Thompson, Ian Dundore, Stephen Lawless, Today I Found Out, James Craver, Jessica Wode, Sandra Aft, Jacob Ash, SR Foxley, Christy Huddleston, Steve Marshall, Chris Peters -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 2464429 CrashCourse
Check out the following links below! Over 1000+ Medical Questions: http://www.5minuteschool.com DONATE + SUPPORT US: http://paypal.me/5minuteschool Patreon: https://goo.gl/w841fz Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/5MinuteSchool Follow us on Instagram: http://instagram.com/5minuteschool My personal Instagram: http://instagram.com/shaz.s11 Contact us: [email protected]
Views: 65678 5MinuteSchool
Respiration is carried out by all living things. Animals need oxygen to carry out aerobic respiration and they need to get rid of the waste product called carbon dioxide. This is called gas exchange. Swapping one gas for another. Animals have evolved different mechanisms for carrying out gaseous exchange. The most important thing is to create a large surface area, the bigger the surface area the faster diffusion of the gases can occur. Secondly they all have a good blood supply. You want to get oxygen into the blood and carbon dioxide out as quickly as possible so the blood travels very close to the exchange surface to once again maximise diffusion. SUBSCRIBE to the Fuse School YouTube channel for many more educational videos. Our teachers and animators come together to make fun & easy-to-understand videos in Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Maths & ICT. JOIN our platform at www.fuseschool.org This video is part of 'Chemistry for All' - a Chemistry Education project by our Charity Fuse Foundation - the organisation behind FuseSchool. These videos can be used in a flipped classroom model or as a revision aid. Find our other Chemistry videos here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLW0gavSzhMlReKGMVfUt6YuNQsO0bqSMV Twitter: https://twitter.com/fuseSchool Access a deeper Learning Experience in the Fuse School platform and app: www.fuseschool.org Follow us: http://www.youtube.com/fuseschool Friend us: http://www.facebook.com/fuseschool This Open Educational Resource is free of charge, under a Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC ( View License Deed: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ ). You are allowed to download the video for nonprofit, educational use. If you would like to modify the video, please contact us: [email protected]
Views: 43459 FuseSchool - Global Education
Subscribe to the drbeen Channel HERE: http://bit.ly/2GBhiS0 For more content from drbeen, click HERE: http://bit.ly/2GB41bU Watch drbeen videos HERE: http://bit.ly/2GB41bU Like drbeen on Facebook HERE: http://bit.ly/2GSSTGS Follow drbeen on Twitter HERE: http://bit.ly/2XeSVhV Follow drbeen on Instagram HERE: http://bit.ly/2ST2Zih Get new medical lectures across your devices. Stream anywhere, anytime. Try it for free! http://bit.ly/2QsIwQ5 Dr. Mobeen discusses the following topics in this video: Atmospheric gas pressures Water vapor pressure and its effect on the atmospheric pressure Pressure changes during inspiration The composition of the exhaled gases Factors affecting partial pressure of the oxygen Factors affecting partial pressure of the carbon dioxide
Views: 17893 Drbeen Medical Lectures
This video covers the following syllabus objectives from Edexcel IGCSE Biology 9-1 2.48 Explain how alveoli are adapted for gas exchange by diffusion between air in the lungs and blood in capillaries. 2.50 Practical: investigate breathing in humans, including the release of carbon dioxide and the effect of exercise. For a PowerPoint on this topic visit www.mrexham.com
Views: 966 MrExham
Breathing In (Inhalation) When you breathe in, or inhale, your diaphragm contracts (tightens) and moves downward. This increases the space in your chest cavity, into which your lungs expand. The intercostal muscles between your ribs also help enlarge the chest cavity. They contract to pull your rib cage both upward and outward when you inhale. As your lungs expand, air is sucked in through your nose or mouth. The air travels down your windpipe and into your lungs. After passing through your bronchial tubes, the air finally reaches and enters the alveoli (air sacs). Through the very thin walls of the alveoli, oxygen from the air passes to the surrounding capillaries (blood vessels). A red blood cell protein called hemoglobin (HEE-muh-glow-bin) helps move oxygen from the air sacs to the blood. At the same time, carbon dioxide moves from the capillaries into the air sacs. The gas has traveled in the bloodstream from the right side of the heart through the pulmonary artery. Oxygen-rich blood from the lungs is carried through a network of capillaries to the pulmonary vein. This vein delivers the oxygen-rich blood to the left side of the heart. The left side of the heart pumps the blood to the rest of the body. There, the oxygen in the blood moves from blood vessels into surrounding tissues. Breathing Out (Exhalation) When you breathe out, or exhale, your diaphragm relaxes and moves upward into the chest cavity. The intercostal muscles between the ribs also relax to reduce the space in the chest cavity. As the space in the chest cavity gets smaller, air rich in carbon dioxide is forced out of your lungs and windpipe, and then out of your nose or mouth. Breathing out requires no effort from your body unless you have a lung disease or are doing physical activity. When you're physically active, your abdominal muscles contract and push your diaphragm against your lungs even more than usual. This rapidly pushes air out of your lungs. How the Lungs and Respiratory System Work You usually don't even notice it, but twelve to twenty times per minute, day after day, you breathe -- thanks to your body's respiratory system. Your lungs expand and contract, supplying life-sustaining oxygen to your body and removing from it, a waste product called carbon dioxide. The Act of Breathing Breathing starts at the nose and mouth. You inhale air into your nose or mouth, and it travels down the back of your throat and into your windpipe, or trachea. Your trachea then divides into air passages called bronchial tubes. For your lungs to perform their best, these airways need to be open during inhalation and exhalation and free from inflammation or swelling and excess or abnormal amounts of mucus. The Lungs As the bronchial tubes pass through the lungs, they divide into smaller air passages called bronchioles. The bronchioles end in tiny balloon-like air sacs called alveoli. Your body has over 300 million alveoli. The alveoli are surrounded by a mesh of tiny blood vessels called capillaries. Here, oxygen from the inhaled air passes through the alveoli walls and into the blood. After absorbing oxygen, the blood leaves the lungs and is carried to your heart. Your heart then pumps it through your body to provide oxygen to the cells of your tissues and organs. As the cells use the oxygen, carbon dioxide is produced and absorbed into the blood. Your blood then carries the carbon dioxide back to your lungs, where it is removed from the body when you exhale. The Diaphragm's Role in Breathing Inhalation and exhalation are the processes by which the body brings in oxygen and expels carbon dioxide. The breathing process is aided by a large dome-shaped muscle under the lungs called the diaphragm. When you breathe in, the diaphragm contracts downward, creating a vacuum that causes a rush of fresh air into the lungs. The opposite occurs with exhalation, where the diaphragm relaxes upwards, pushing on the lungs, allowing them to deflate. Clearing the Air The respiratory system has built-in methods to prevent harmful substances in the air from entering the lungs. Respiratory System Hairs in your nose help filter out large particles. Microscopic hairs, called cilia, are found along your air passages and move in a sweeping motion to keep the air passages clean. But if harmful substances, such as cigarette smoke, are inhaled, the cilia stop functioning properly, causing health problems like bronchitis. Mucus produced by cells in the trachea and bronchial tubes keeps air passages moist and aids in stopping dust, bacteria and viruses, allergy-causing substances, and other substances from entering the lungs. Impurities that do reach the deeper parts of the lungs can often be moved up via mucous and coughed out or swallowed. In the lungs, oxygen and carbon dioxide (a waste product of body processes) are exchanged in the tiny air sacs (alveoli) at the end of the bronchial tubes.
Views: 177037 Science Art
What is GAS EXCHANGE? What does GAS EXCHANGE mean? GAS EXCHANGE meaning - GAS EXCHANGE definition - GAS EXCHANGE explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ Gas exchange is the biological process by which gases move passively by diffusion across a surface. Typically, this surface is - or contains - a biological membrane that forms the boundary between an organism and its extracellular environment. Gases are constantly consumed and produced by cellular and metabolic reactions in most living things, so an efficient system for gas exchange between, ultimately, the interior of the cell(s) and the external environment is required. Small, particularly unicellular organisms, such as bacteria and protozoa, have a high surface-area to volume ratio. In these creatures the gas exchange membrane is typically the cell membrane. Some small multicellular organisms, such as flatworms, are also able to perform sufficient gas exchange across the skin or cuticle that surrounds their bodies. However, in most larger organisms, which have a small surface-area to volume ratios, specialised structures with convoluted surfaces such as gills, pulmonary alveoli and spongy mesophyll provide the large area needed for effective gas exchange. These convoluted surfaces may sometimes be internalised into the body of the organism. This is the case with the alveoli, which form the inner surface of the mammalian lung, the spongy mesophyll, which is found inside the leaves of some kinds of plant, or the gills of those molluscs that have them, which are found in the mantle cavity. In aerobic organisms, gas exchange is particularly important for respiration, which involves the uptake of oxygen (O 2) and release of carbon dioxide (CO 2). Conversely, in oxygenic photosynthetic organisms such as most land plants, uptake of carbon dioxide and release of both oxygen and water vapour are the main gas-exchange processes occurring during the day. Other gas-exchange processes are important in less familiar organisms: e.g. carbon dioxide, methane and hydrogen are exchanged across the cell membrane of methanogenic archaea. In nitrogen fixation by diazotrophic bacteria, and denitrification by heterotrophic bacteria (such as Paracoccus denitrificans and various pseudomonads), nitrogen gas is exchanged with the environment, being taken up by the former and released into it by the latter, while giant tube worms rely on bacteria to oxidize hydrogen sulfide extracted from their deep sea environment, using dissolved oxygen in the water as an electron acceptor.
Views: 282 The Audiopedia
Useful for CBSE, ICSE, NCERT & International Students Grade : 10 Subject :Biology Lesson : Life process respiration Topic: Gas Exchange in Plants Gas Exchange in Plants. In order to carry on photosynthesis, green plants need a supply of carbon dioxide and a means of disposing of oxygen. In order to carry on cellular respiration, plant cells need oxygen and a means of disposing of carbon. Visit www.oztern.com to find personalized test preparation solutions for Pre Medical - AIPMT, AIIMS, JIPMER, State, Pre Engineering - IIT JEE, JEE MAIN, BITSAT, State and Foundations - Class 6 to 10.
Views: 33356 CBSE
In this video, we will look at gas exchange in lungs and how the body has adapted to complete this function in the most effective way possible. http://imstuck.wix.com/imstuckgcserevision
Views: 6175 I'm Stuck - GCSE and A-Level Revision
U can like my Facebook page ie. Vipin Sharma Biology Blogs for more information regarding every national level competitive exam in which biology is a part . Like this video share it with your frnds n subscribe to my channel if u r new. Thanq so much for supporting me guys 👍 😊. https://unacademy.com/user/vks199711-4457 Open this link and click on "follow" button as well as "login" to support me on Unacademy. Do share with all your friends. https://mbasic.facebook.com/Vipin-Sharma-Biology-Blogs-588472744670315/?__xt__=11.%7B%22event%22%3A%22visit_page_tab%22%2C%22user_id%22%3A100003119064758%2C%22page_id%22%3A588472744670315%7D
Views: 37610 Vipin Sharma Biology Tutorials
Watch as a molecule of oxygen makes its way from the alveoli (gas layer) through various liquid layers in order to end up in the blood. Rishi is a pediatric infectious disease physician and works at Khan Academy. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Rishi Desai. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-respiratory-system/rn-the-respiratory-system/v/the-respiratory-center?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-respiratory-system/rn-the-respiratory-system/v/fick-s-law-of-diffusion?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 371018 khanacademymedicine
ilmkidunya.com has brought to you Lecture of Usama Qamar on "10th Class Biology Chapter 10 Gaseous Exchange. Topic 10.1 Gaseous Exchange in Plants". For more videos of Usama Qamar visit https://www.ilmkidunya.com/study , https://www.instutor.com This lecture is specially recorded for students of 10th class, 10th class from all Punjab Boards and is based on the current curriculum of study for Biology book. All these lectures are conducted in Urdu/English medium to facilitate Pakistani students.
Views: 32998 ilmkidunya
Part 2 in an 8 part lecture on GAS EXCHANGE in a flipped Human Physiology course taught by Wendy Riggs. CC-BY. Watch the whole lecture (all 8 videos) by going to the PLAYLIST: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5GRRRmaGVqWBUpn0V2lszcbNp_-TIJ0E
Views: 38904 Wendy Riggs
You can support the work of campbellteaching, at no cost whatsoever to yourself, if you use the link below as your bookmark to access Amazon. Thank you. If in the US use this link http://goo.gl/mDMfj5 If in the UK use this link http://goo.gl/j0htQ5
Views: 47083 Dr. John Campbell
Watch 800+ Medical Lectures at https://www.DrNajeebLectures.com ─────────────── DR. NAJEEB LECTURES ─────────────── Dr. Najeeb Lectures are the World's Most Popular Medical Lectures. Over 1 Million+ students from 190 countries trust Dr. Najeeb Lectures to Master Medical Sciences. Sign up for a membership plan on our website and access 800+ videos on Basic Medical Sciences & Clinical Medicine. ───────────────── OUR YOUTUBE CHANNEL ───────────────── Here on YouTube, we only upload free sample videos. Most of them are teaser videos (not complete lectures). If you like these videos you can check out our entire video library on our website at https://www.DrNajeebLectures.com. ────────────────────── WHY SIGN UP FOR MEMBERSHIP? ────────────────────── ► 800+ Medical Lectures. ► Basic Medical Sciences. ► Clinical Medicine. ► New videos every week in HD. ► Download videos for offline access. ► Fast video playback (0.5x - 2x) ► Watch videos on any device. ► Fanatic customer support. ► Trusted by 1 Million+ students. Learn more at https://www.DrNajeebLectures.com
Views: 49033 Dr. Najeeb Lectures
Can a paper bag really help you when you are hyperventilating? It turns out that it can. In part 2 of our look at your respiratory system Hank explains how your blood cells exchange oxygen and CO2 to maintain homeostasis. We'll dive into partial pressure gradients, and how they, along with changes in blood temperature, acidity, and CO2 concentrations, change how hemoglobin binds to gases in your blood. (And yes, we'll explain the paper bag thing too!) Table of Contents How Blood Cells Exchange Oxygen and CO2 2:23 Partial Pressure Gradients 2:41 How Hemoglobin Binds to Gases in the Blood 4:40 The Thing With The Bag 9:04 *** Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Jan Schmid, Simun Niclasen, Robert Kunz, Daniel Baulig, Jason A Saslow, Eric Kitchen, Christian, Beatrice Jin, Anna-Ester Volozh, Eric Knight, Elliot Beter, Jeffrey Thompson, Ian Dundore, Stephen Lawless, Today I Found Out, James Craver, Jessica Wode, Sandra Aft, Jacob Ash, SR Foxley, Christy Huddleston, Steve Marshall, Chris Peters -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1345050 CrashCourse
Partial pressures of gases and gas exchange process in the lungs. Factors that affect gas exchange. This video and other related images/videos (in HD) are available for instant download licensing here : https://www.alilamedicalmedia.com/-/galleries/images-videos-by-medical-specialties/pulmonology ©Alila Medical Media. All rights reserved. Voice by: Ashley Fleming Support us on Patreon and get FREE image downloads and video early access: patreon.com/AlilaMedicalMedia All images/videos by Alila Medical Media are for information purposes ONLY and are NOT intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Gas exchange is the major purpose of the respiratory system. Inhaled air unloads oxygen and picks up carbon dioxide in the alveoli of the lungs, while the blood picks up oxygen and unloads carbon dioxide. The oxygenated blood then travels to body’s tissues, where the reverse process happens. In the lungs, the gases move across a very thin respiratory membrane which consists of alveolar squamous cells, endothelial cells of blood capillaries, and their fused basement membranes. The exchange of gases occurs due to simple diffusion, as they flow down their concentration gradient, or partial pressure gradient. Atmospheric air is a mixture of gases, each of which independently contributes to its total pressure. The pressure of each individual gas is known as partial pressure. The atmospheric pressure is the sum of all partial pressures of gases that make up its content. The direction of gas movement from one area to another is determined by the difference in its partial pressure. A gas always moves from higher to lower partial pressure. Atmospheric air is brought into the lungs through inhalation, but the lungs are not completely emptied and replaced with outside air with each cycle of breathing. In fact, only a relatively small portion of air in the alveoli is refreshed with each breath. This makes the air composition in the alveoli significantly different from that of inhaled air. The gas exchange in the lungs occurs between this alveolar air and the blood in capillaries. Because the volume of blood in pulmonary capillaries at any moment is much smaller than the total volume of air in the alveoli, the gas exchange process essentially brings partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood to the same levels as those in alveolar air. It is therefore important that the composition of alveolar air is closely monitored and adjusted to maintain the same values. The body does just that: if carbon dioxide levels increase or oxygen levels drop, the airways automatically dilate to bring them back to normal, and vice versa. Since gas exchange occurs between the air and the liquid of the blood, the movement of individual gases also depends on their solubility in water. This explains why nitrogen, despite being plentiful in atmospheric and alveolar air, does not diffuse much into the blood. Factors that affect gas exchange include: - The magnitude of partial pressure gradient: the greater the pressure difference, the more rapid the gas movement. At high altitudes, where partial pressures of all atmospheric gases are lower, the gradient for oxygen is smaller and it needs more time to diffuse into the blood. – The thickness of the respiratory membrane: the thinner the membrane, the faster the gas diffuses. Diseases that cause pulmonary edema, such as pneumonia or left-sided heart failure, increase the thickness of respiratory membrane and hinder gas exchange. - The amount of gas exchanged is directly proportional to the contact surface between the blood and the alveolar air. Diseases that affect alveolar surface, such as emphysema, reduce gas exchange efficiency and produce low blood oxygen levels.
Views: 2347 Alila Medical Media
Air first enters the body through the mouth or nose, quickly moves to the pharynx (throat), passes through the larynx (voice box), enters the trachea, which branches into a left and right bronchus within the lungs and further divides into smaller and smaller branches called bronchioles. The smallest bronchioles end in tiny air sacs, called alveoli, which inflate during inhalation, and deflate during exhalation. Gas exchange is the delivery of oxygen from the lungs to the bloodstream, and the elimination of carbon dioxide from the bloodstream to the lungs. It occurs in the lungs between the alveoli and a network of tiny blood vessels called capillaries, which are located in the walls of the alveoli. The walls of the alveoli actually share a membrane with the capillaries in which oxygen and carbon dioxide move freely between the respiratory system and the bloodstream. Oxygen molecules attach to red blood cells, which travel back to the heart. At the same time, the carbon dioxide molecules in the alveoli are blown out of the body with the next exhalation. The primary function of the respiratory system is to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. Inhaled oxygen enters the lungs and reaches the alveoli. The layers of cells lining the alveoli and the surrounding capillaries are each only one cell thick and are in very close contact with each other. This barrier between air and blood averages about 1 micron (1/10,000 of a centimeter, or 0.000039 inch) in thickness. Oxygen passes quickly through this air-blood barrier into the blood in the capillaries. Similarly, carbon dioxide passes from the blood into the alveoli and is then exhaled. Oxygenated blood travels from the lungs through the pulmonary veins and into the left side of the heart, which pumps the blood to the rest of the body (see Biology of the Heart : Function of the Heart). Oxygen-deficient, carbon dioxide-rich blood returns to the right side of the heart through two large veins, the superior vena cava and the inferior vena cava. Then the blood is pumped through the pulmonary artery to the lungs, where it picks up oxygen and releases carbon dioxide. Gas Exchange Between Alveoli and Capillaries: To support the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, about 5 to 8 liters (about 1.3 to 2.1 gallons) of air per minute are brought in and out of the lungs, and about three tenths of a liter of oxygen is transferred from the alveoli to the blood each minute, even when the person is at rest. At the same time, a similar volume of carbon dioxide moves from the blood to the alveoli and is exhaled. During exercise, it is possible to breathe in and out more than 100 liters (about 26 gallons) of air per minute and extract 3 liters (a little less than 1 gallon) of oxygen from this air per minute. The rate at which oxygen is used by the body is one measure of the rate of energy expended by the body. Breathing in and out is accomplished by respiratory muscles. Air is brought to the alveoli in small doses (called the tidal volume), by breathing in (inhalation) and out (exhalation) through the respiratory airways, a set of relatively narrow and moderately long tubes which start at the nose or mouth and end in the alveoli of the lungs in the chest. Air moves in and out through the same set of tubes, in which the flow is in one direction during inhalation, and in the opposite direction during exhalation. During each inhalation, at rest, approximately 500 ml of fresh air flows in through the nose. Its is warmed and moistened as it flows through the nose and pharynx. By the time it reaches the trachea the inhaled air's temperature is 37 °C and it is saturated with water vapor. On arrival in the alveoli it is diluted and thoroughly mixed with the approximately 2.5–3.0 liters of air that remained in the alveoli after the last exhalation. This relatively large volume of air that is semi-permanently present in the alveoli throughout the breathing cycle is known as the functional residual capacity (FRC). At the beginning of inhalation the airways are filled with unchanged alveolar air, left over from the last exhalation. This is the dead space volume, which is usually about 150 ml. It is the first air to re-enter the alveoli during inhalation. Only after the dead space air has returned to the alveoli does the remainder of the tidal volume (500 ml - 150 ml = 350 ml) enter the alveoli. The entry of such a small volume of fresh air with each inhalation, ensures that the composition of the FRC hardly changes during the breathing cycle.
Views: 32663 AniMed
A mini lessons for AS Biology Students. This relates to the AQA Specification, Unit 2: Variety of Living Organisms. Covered in this lesson: -Structure of the leaf -Structure and function of the stomata -Exchange in the leaf As ever, we're using the Toole & Toole AQA AS Biology textbook Enjoy!
Views: 80714 Mr Pollock
Another video on Exchange! In this video we examine the gills as an example of an exchange surface. We also discuss how fish pass water over their gills and how countercurrent flow maintains favourable exchange of oxygen. Made for AQA AS Level students studying Unit 2: Variety of Living Organisms.
Views: 140232 Mr Pollock
This human physiology lecture explains the internal respiration and gas exchange in human body. For more information, log on to- http://shomusbiology.weebly.com/ Download the study materials here- http://shomusbiology.weebly.com/bio-materials.html
Views: 13416 Shomu's Biology
Lung anatomy and physiology of gas exchange in the lung alveoli during respiration nursing lecture. This lecture details the anatomy of the lungs and how gas exchange in the lungs takes place between carbon dioxide and oxygen. The lung is made up of many components that participant in gas exchange. Inhaled air with oxygen enters into the upper respiratory system via the nose or mouth then through the nasal cavities, larynx, and trachea which splits at the carina into the right and left bronchus (primary bronchi). The primary bronchi and pulmonary vein and artery enter into the lungs at the hilum. The pulmonary artery delivers unoxygenated blood to the lungs, and the pulmonary vein delivers oxygenated blood back to the heart. The primary bronchi branches off into the lobar bronchi (also called secondary bronchi) then into the segmental bronchi (also called tetiary bronchi), and then into even smaller areas such as the bronchioles. The bronchioles connect to the alveolar sacs via the alveolar ducts. Gas exchange occurs in the alveolar sac within the alveoli. The alveoli sacs contain capillaries that help with transporting carbon dioxide and oxygen in and out of the body. The pulmonary artery brings unoxygenated blood through the capillary and carbon dioxide transports across the thin capillary wall and is transported out of the body through exhalation. Then the inhaled oxygen transports across the capillary wall onto the red blood cells which is taken via the pulmonary vein back to the heart to replenish the body with fresh oxygenated blood. Other facts about lung anatomy: the right lung has three lobes while the left lung has two lobes. The lung is made up of two layers: visceral pleura (surrounds the lungs) and parietal pleura (attaches to the thoracic cavity). In between these layers, is a small space of fluid that allows the lungs to glide on each other during inhalation and exhalation. Lung A & P quiz: https://www.registerednursern.com/lung-anatomy-and-physiology-quiz/ Notes: https://www.registerednursern.com/lung-anatomy-and-physiology-review-notes/ Respiratory Nursing Lectures: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfXxyukzyHpqYrJntLbv0aGE Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=registerednursern Nursing School Supplies: http://www.registerednursern.com/the-ultimate-list-of-nursing-medical-supplies-and-items-a-new-nurse-student-nurse-needs-to-buy/ Nursing Job Search: http://www.registerednursern.com/nursing-career-help/ Visit our website RegisteredNurseRN.com for free quizzes, nursing care plans, salary information, job search, and much more: http://www.registerednursern.com Check out other Videos: https://www.youtube.com/user/RegisteredNurseRN/videos Popular Playlists: NCLEX Reviews: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWtwCDmLHyX2UeHofCIcgo0 Fluid & Electrolytes: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWJSZ9pL8L3Q1dzdlxUzeKv Nursing Skills: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUhd_qQYEbp0Eab3uUKhgKb Nursing School Study Tips: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWBO40qeDmmaMwMHJEWc9Ms Nursing School Tips & Questions" https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVQok-t1X5ZMGgQr3IMBY9M Teaching Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUkW_DpJekN_Y0lFkVNFyVF Types of Nursing Specialties: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfW8dRD72gUFa5W7XdfoxArp Healthcare Salary Information: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVN0vmEP59Tx2bIaB_3Qhdh New Nurse Tips: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVTqH6LIoAD2zROuzX9GXZy Nursing Career Help: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVXjptWyvj2sx1k1587B_pj EKG Teaching Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfU-A9UTclI0tOYrNJ1N5SNt Personality Types: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfU0qHnOjj2jf4Hw8aJaxbtm Dosage & Calculations for Nurses: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUYdl0TZQ0Tc2-hLlXlHNXq Diabetes Health Managment: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfXtEx17D7zC1efmWIX-iIs9
Views: 129767 RegisteredNurseRN
ADDITIONAL NOTE: Breathing in allows oxygen to get in the lungs, be diffused into the blood to be transported to cells of the body for respiration. Respiration occurs and produces carbon dioxide as a waste product which needs to be removed from the blood.When we breathe out carbon dioxide can then be released. Thanks for watching! For more information on my online courses, tutoring and classes: WEBSITE: https://cxc-biology-tutor.teachable.com EMAIL: [email protected] FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/cxcbiologytutor/ INSTAGRAM: https://www.instagram.com/cxcbiologytutor/?hl=en
Views: 8356 CXC Biology Tutor
In this video, we look at the tracheal system in insects. This is a nice quick and short topic, but can be tricky! - The overall structure of the system - Ventilation - Limitations - Preventing water loss This video was made for AQA AS Level Biology students studying Unit 2.
Views: 95572 Mr Pollock
Get the NEW BLOOD FLOW app with several step-by-step videos several flash cards, quiz questions and notes to make sure you ace your exams!!! Apple Store: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/blood-flow-through-the-heart/id887089053?mt=8 Google Play: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=mobione.cardiacbloodflowpaid Get the ENDOCRINE app with videos on the go for Apple and Andoird devices!!! iTunes: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/endocrine/id711858893?mt=8&ls=1 Google Play: https://play.google.com/store/apps/developer?id=John+Roufaiel Preview Video (on YouTube): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HLadhgHjcG4&feature=youtu.be Or search for "Endocrine" or "ProfRoofs" or "John Roufaiel" in the medical category. You can find this video and other helpful videos/materials on my website: www.profroofs.com This video introduces the details of external and internal respiration. It was produced in response to a viewer's request who had an upcoming exam. In the near future I hope to add more detail. Please feel free to add suggestions. Thank you.
Views: 153491 Prof. Roofs, MD
Ava Hearts Biology presents: Fish Gill Dissection for GCSE and A Level. Ever wondered what a counter current gas exchange system looks like? All dissection samples curtesy of www.samplesforschools.com Coming Soon! Workshops and #watchavalive #avaheartsbiology events, please visit www.avaheartsbiology.co.uk Please note:The animal material used in this dissection has not been produced for the purpose of the video – it is a regular by-product of the meat industry, available for consumption from some butchers, or part of the waste stream if not used for dissection. This video is for educational and demonstration purposes only. If you undertake your own dissection please take due safety precautions: - Take care with sharp dissecting tools. - Observe careful hygiene precautions after the dissection.
Views: 21683 Ava Hearts Biology
This Hindi video discusses about breathing process in human and explains how oxygen reaches cells. It is mapped to class 10 biology chapter – Life Processes (Respiration) About us: We are a social enterprise working on a mission to make school learning interesting, relevant and affordable to every child on this planet. You can watch our FREE online videos at http://www.bodhaguru.com/watch and download our practice application/games - just visit http://www.bodhaguru.com/play If you like our videos, subscribe to our channel http://www.youtube.com/user/BodhaGuruLearning. Feel free to connect with us at http://www.facebook.com/BodhaGuru OR http://twitter.com/Bodhaguru Have fun, while you learn. Thanks for watching -- Team BodhaGuru
Views: 49460 Bodhaguru
Download the Show Notes: http://www.mindset.co.za/learn/sites/files/LXL2013/LXL_Gr11LifeSciences_20_Gaseous%20Exchange_17July.pdf In this Grade 11 Life Sciences live show we take a close look at Gasesous Exchange. In this lesson we discuss what is gasesous exchange. We consider the requirements of an efficient gaseous exchange surface. We look at diversity in gas exchange systems. We discuss structure and adaptations of the human gaseous exchange systems. We look at the mechanism of breathing. We discuss gaseous exchange at lung surface and at tissue level. We look at transport of gases in the blood. We take a look at Homeostasis. Finally, we look at relevant terminology. Visit the Learn Xtra Website: http://www.learnxtra.co.za View the Learn Xtra Live Schedule: http://www.learnxtra.co.za/live Join us on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/learnxtra Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/learnxtra ( E00198918 )
Views: 14684 Mindset Learn
Breathing And Gaseous Exchange in Humans Explained
Views: 9783 Concept of Science
Part 10 in an 10 part lecture on the respiratory system in a flipped Human Anatomy course taught by Wendy Riggs. CC-BY. Watch the whole lecture (all 10 videos) by going to the PLAYLIST: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5GRRRmaGVqVUUvdaKNW48TnFS6V7zKpX
Views: 12501 Wendy Riggs