In this video we discuss hydrogen bonds. We cover how do hydrogen bonds form, the different elements that take part in hydrogen bonds, and why doesn't oil and water mix. What are hydrogen bonds? An attractive force called a hydrogen bond can exist between certain molecules. These bonds are weaker than ionic or covalent bonds, because it takes less energy to break these types of bonds, however, a large number of these bonds going on can exert a strong force. Hydrogen bonds are the result of an unequal charge distribution on a molecule, these molecules are said to be polar. If we look at a water molecule, we can see the oxygen atom shares electrons with 2 different hydrogen atoms. So, in total this molecule has 10 protons, 8 from oxygen and 1 each from the hydrogen atoms, and a total of 10 electrons, 2 shared between the oxygen atom and hydrogen atom number one, 2 shared between the oxygen atom and hydrogen atom number 2, and the other 6 non shared electrons from the oxygen atom. So, this water molecule is electrically neutral, but it has a partial positive side, the hydrogen side, and a partial negative side, the oxygen side of the molecule. The electrons are not shared equally within the molecule, as they have a higher probability of being found closer to the nucleus of the oxygen atom, giving that end a slightly negative charge. So, the hydrogen atoms end of the molecule will have a slightly positive charge. These charged ends weakly attach the positive end of one water molecule to the negative end of an adjacent water molecule. When water is in liquid form there a few hydrogen bonds, solid form, many bonds, and when water is steam or gas, there are no bonds, because the molecules are too far apart to form any bonds. Hydrogen bonds only form between hydrogen atoms that are covalently bonded, or bonds where electrons are being shared and not transferred, to an oxygen, nitrogen or fluorine atom. These bonds make water ideal for the chemistry of life. Hydrogen bonds are also important in the structure of proteins and nucleic acids, which we will cover in later videos. So, now we know that water molecules are polar, or have slightly positive and slightly negative ends, and in fact, many lipids, or fats and oils, are not polar. So their molecules share electrons equally in their bonds. So, these are nonpolar molecules. This means that when water and oil come together they do not form bonds with one another. Even when we try to mix them, the water molecules will eventually separate because their polar molecules are attracted to one another and will form hydrogen bonds, separating the water and the nonpolar oil molecules.
Views: 89034 Whats Up Dude
This chemistry video tutorial provides a basic introduction into hydrogen bonding. Hydrogen bonding occurs in molecules when hydrogen is attached to highly electronegative small atoms such as nitrogen, oxygen, and fluorine. Hydrogen bonds are very strong dipole dipole interactions. Molecules that contain hydrogen bonds such as water are very polar. Hydrogen bonds is one of the strongest types of intermolecular forces. This video contains a few examples and illustrations of hydrogen bonds in water and in HF. New Chemistry Video Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bka20Q9TN6M&t=25s&list=PL0o_zxa4K1BWziAvOKdqsMFSB_MyyLAqS&index=1 Access to Premium Videos: https://www.patreon.com/MathScienceTutor Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MathScienceTutoring/
Views: 11329 The Organic Chemistry Tutor
Reactants and products in reversible and irreversible chemical reactions. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/water-acids-and-bases/hydrogen-bonding-in-water/v/hydrogen-bonding-in-water?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=biology Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/chemistry--of-life/chemical-bonds-and-reactions/v/intermolecular-forces-and-molecular-bonds?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=biology Biology on Khan Academy: Life is beautiful! From atoms to cells, from genes to proteins, from populations to ecosystems, biology is the study of the fascinating and intricate systems that make life possible. Dive in to learn more about the many branches of biology and why they are exciting and important. Covers topics seen in a high school or first-year college biology course. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Biology channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC82qE46vcTn7lP4tK_RHhdg?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 262389 Khan Academy
To see all my Chemistry videos, check out http://socratic.org/chemistry Hydrogen bonding can be so confusing, and in this video we talk about some common mistakes. Hydrogen bonds are intermolecular forces between molecules. They form because one atom has a high electronegativity, so it gets a partial negative charge, and the hydrogen gets a partial positive charge.
Views: 552021 Tyler DeWitt
Why is water essential for Life to exist on Earth? We are about 60% water - and there are some organisms that are as much as 90% water! What is so important about water? How does it support life? In this video, we discuss the special properties of water that make it the “Solvent of Life.” Chief among these properties is the extensive Hydrogen Bonding between water molecules that make water an extremely cohesive liquid (the molecules stick together). Due to the extensive hydrogen bonding, water has some emergent properties that impact life on Earth in many ways. These include: Cohesion Adhesion High surface tension High specific heat High heat of vaporization Ice Floats (Ice is less dense as a solid than liquid water) For each of these properties, we discuss how they impact living creatures on Earth. ❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀ Our series on Biology is aimed at the first-year college level, including pre-med students. These videos should also be helpful for students in challenging high school biology courses. Perfect for preparing for the AP Biology exam or the Biology SAT. Also appropriate for advanced homeschoolers. You can also follow along if you are just curious, and would like to know more about this fascinating subject. Our current biology textbook recommendation is Campbell Biology from Pearson. 10th edition Amazon Link: http://amzn.to/2mahQTi 11th edition Amazon Link: http://amzn.to/2m7xU6w Shop Amazon Used Textbooks - Save up to 90% http://amzn.to/2pllk4B For lighter reading, we recommend: I Contain Multitudes: The Microbes Within Us and a Grander View of Life by Ed Yong http://amzn.to/2pLOddQ Lab Girl by Hope Jahren http://amzn.to/2oMolPg ❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀ This video was made possible by the generous donations of our Patrons on Patreon! We dedicate this video to our VIP Patron, Tracy Karin Prell. Tracy is an amazing advocate for science communication. Thank you so much, Tracy! ❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀ Please Subscribe so you'll hear about our newest videos! http://bit.ly/1ixuu9W If you found this video helpful, please give it a "thumbs up" and share it with your friends! If you'd like to support more great educational videos from Socratica, please consider becoming our Patron on Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/socratica ❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀ Directed by Michael Harrison Written and Produced by Kimberly Hatch Harrison About our instructor: Kimberly Hatch Harrison received degrees in Biology and English Literature from Caltech before working in pharmaceuticals research, developing drugs for autoimmune disorders. She then continued her studies in Molecular Biology (focusing on Immunology and Neurobiology) at Princeton University, where she began teaching as a graduate student. Her success in teaching convinced her to leave the glamorous world of biology research and turn to teaching full-time, accepting a position at an exclusive prep school, where she taught biology and chemistry for eight years. She is now the head writer and producer of Socratica Studios. ❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀❀ Creative Commons Picture Credits Basilisk running on water https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Basiliscus_basiliscus_running_on_water_-_pone.0037300.s001.ogv Author: Minetti et al. xylem http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0089934 Author: Boutilier et al 2014 PLOS Meniscus http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0050320 Author: Jingmin et al 2012 PLOS Little girl drinking https://pixabay.com/en/girl-thirsty-drink-fountain-water-2241750/ Author: brisch27 Army scout drinking https://pixabay.com/en/girl-scout-army-thirsty-sensuality-932421/ Author: AdinaVoicu Water drop Macro View http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/view-image.php?image=173836&picture=water-drop-macro-view Author: JeanBeauford Woman in the Ocean http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/view-image.php?image=172525&picture=woman-in-the-ocean Author: JeanBeauford Water on fabric https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Water_droplet_lying_on_a_damask.jpg Author: Petar Milosevic Water strider https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:WaterstriderEnWiki.jpg Author: PD Polar bear on ice https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Polar_Bear_AdF.jpg Author: Arturo de Frias Marques Penguins on ice https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pygoscelis_antarctica_trying_to_get_to_iceberg.wmv.ogv Author: Brocken Inaglory Cells (colourized) https://pixabay.com/en/white-blood-cell-cell-blood-cell-543471 Author: skeeze Hydrogen bonds in water https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:3D_model_hydrogen_bonds_in_water.svg Author: Qwerter Water strider footage https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Vesimittareita.ogv Author: Uusijani roadrunner https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Greater_Roadrunner_Walking.jpg Author: Jessie Eastland Partially frozen pond http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/view-image.php?image=15079&picture=partially-frozen-pond Author: David Wagner
Views: 21969 Socratica
Explore some properties of water with the Amoeba Sisters! It's all about those hydrogen bonds. Video has handout: http://www.amoebasisters.com/handouts Terms discussed include adhesion, cohesion, surface tension, specific heat - all made possible by those amazing hydrogen bonds. Support us on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/amoebasisters Our FREE resources: GIFs: http://www.amoebasisters.com/gifs.html Handouts: http://www.amoebasisters.com/handouts.html Comics: http://www.amoebasisters.com/parameciumparlorcomics Connect with us! Website: http://www.AmoebaSisters.com Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/AmoebaSisters Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/AmoebaSisters Tumblr: http://www.amoebasisters.tumblr.com Pinterest: http://www.pinterest.com/AmoebaSisters Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/amoebasistersofficial/ Visit our Redbubble store at http://www.amoebasisters.com/store.html The Amoeba Sisters videos demystify science with humor and relevance. The videos center on Pinky's certification and experience in teaching science at the high school level. Pinky's teacher certification is in grades 4-8 science and 8-12 composite science (encompassing biology, chemistry, and physics). Amoeba Sisters videos only cover concepts that Pinky is certified to teach, and they focus on her specialty: secondary life science. For more information about The Amoeba Sisters, visit: http://www.amoebasisters.com/about-us.html We cover the basics in biology concepts at the secondary level. If you are looking to discover more about biology and go into depth beyond these basics, our recommended reference is the FREE, peer reviewed, open source OpenStax biology textbook: https://openstax.org/details/books/biology *We mention that water makes up "3/4 of the Earth's surface" and we wish we had said "nearly" This number is going to be an estimate, but here is a source that puts it around 71%. https://water.usgs.gov/edu/earthhowmuch.html We take pride in our AWESOME community, and we welcome feedback and discussion. However, please remember that this is an education channel. See YouTube's community guidelines https://www.youtube.com/yt/policyandsafety/communityguidelines.html and YouTube's policy center https://support.google.com/youtube/topic/2676378?hl=en&ref_topic=6151248. We also reserve the right to remove comments with vulgar language. Music is this video is listed free to use/no attribution required from the YouTube audio library https://www.youtube.com/audiolibrary/music?feature=blog We have YouTube's community contributed subtitles feature on to allow translations for different languages. YouTube automatically credits the different language contributors below (unless the contributor had opted out of being credited). We are thankful for those that contribute different languages. If you have a concern about community contributed contributions, please contact us.
Views: 727213 Amoeba Sisters
How Many Hydrogen Bond Can a Single Water Molecule Form?||Hydrogen Bond in Water Blog Post: https://chemistry291.blogspot.com/2018/12/hydrogen-bonding-in-waterwhat-is-h.html #HowManyHydrogenBondCanaSingleWaterMoleculeForm? #HydrogenBondingInWater(H2O) #Formationofhydrogenbondinwater #hydrogenbondbetweenwatermolecule
Views: 103 Chemistry Tutorial 360
Learn the basics about the covalent bonding of water, when learning about covalent bonding within properties of matter. Water is made from one oxygen atom and two hydrogens. The oxygen has 6 electrons in its outer shell, but it really wants to have 8 to have a full shell. The hydrogens have one outer shell electron, but want to have two. The atoms share their electrons, forming covalent bonds. So all three atoms have full outer shells, and create a water molecule. Water has two covalent bonds. In water, the bonding electrons spend most of their time nearer the oxygen atom, because it is more ELECTRONEGATIVE. This means that it is electron withdrawing. As the negatively charged electrons are nearer the oxygen atom, the oxygen atom becomes a little bit negative itself, while the hydrogens become a little positive. This is called delta positive and delta negative. Water doesn’t just have any old covalent bonds; it has what we call POLAR COVALENT bonds and is a POLAR molecule. This is really important as it affects how water behaves and reacts with other elements. SUBSCRIBE to the Fuse School YouTube channel for many more educational videos. Our teachers and animators come together to make fun & easy-to-understand videos in Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Maths & ICT. JOIN our platform at www.fuseschool.org This video is part of 'Chemistry for All' - a Chemistry Education project by our Charity Fuse Foundation - the organisation behind The Fuse School. These videos can be used in a flipped classroom model or as a revision aid. Find our other Chemistry videos here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLW0gavSzhMlReKGMVfUt6YuNQsO0bqSMV Twitter: https://twitter.com/fuseSchool Access a deeper Learning Experience in the Fuse School platform and app: www.fuseschool.org Follow us: http://www.youtube.com/fuseschool Friend us: http://www.facebook.com/fuseschool This Open Educational Resource is free of charge, under a Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC ( View License Deed: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ ). You are allowed to download the video for nonprofit, educational use. If you would like to modify the video, please contact us: [email protected]
Views: 42666 FuseSchool - Global Education
Examines the structure and properties of water. Compares water with benzene as a gas, liquid and solid, and explains the distinctive properties and chemistry of water in terms of hydrogen bonding between molecules. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0LHEYTEAyndlUqRJYtBZEg
Views: 357 Educational Video Library
This chemistry video tutorial explains how to determine which molecules are capable of exhibiting hydrogen bonding. Examples and practice problems include the following molecules: H2O, CH4, CH3F, HF, CH3OH, CH3OCH3, CH3COOH, CH3CHO, H2S, NH3, PH3, (CH3)3N, (CH3)2NH, C2H4, C2H2, HOCH2CH2OH, CH3SH, and CH3CONH2. This video also discusses the difference between a hydrogen bond and a covalent bond and the difference between an intermolecular bond and an intramolecular bond. it shows the formation and hydrogen bonding that occurs between water molecules.
Views: 33396 The Organic Chemistry Tutor
There are two different types of hydrogen bonds. They are Intermolecular bonding and Intramolecular bonding. i) Intermolecular hydrogen bonding. This type of bond is formed between the two molecules of the same or different compounds. Some examples of the compounds exhibiting intermolecular hydrogen bonds are : Hydrogen fluoride and water. 1. Hydrogen fluoride, H F. In the solid state, hydrogen fluoride consists of long zig-zag chains of molecules associated by hydrogen bonds as shown in the figure. Therefore, hydrogen fluoride is represented as HFN. 2. Water In water molecule, the electronegative oxygen atom forms two polar covalent bonds with two hydrogen atoms. The oxygen atom due to its higher electronegativity acquires partial negative charge and the two hydrogen atoms acquire partial positive charge. The negatively charged oxygen forms two hydrogen bonds with two positively charged hydrogen atoms of two neighbouring molecules. Each oxygen atom is tetrahedrally surrounded by four hydrogen atoms as shown in visual. Hydrogen bonding in water results in a hydrogen bridge (HOH) network extending in three dimensions and the associated water molecule may be expressed as H Two O N. ii) Intramolecular hydrogen bonding. This type of bond is formed between hydrogen atom and Nitrogen, Oxygen or Flurine atom of the same molecule. This type of hydrogen bonding is commonly called chelation and is more frequently found in organic compounds. Intramolecular hydrogen bonding is possible when a six or five membered rings can be formed. Importance of H-bonding i) Life would have been impossible without liquid water which is the result of intermolecular H-bonding in it. ii) Hydrogen bonding increase the rigidity and strength of wood fibres and thus makes it an article of great utility to meet requirements of housing, furniture, etc. iii) The cotton, silk or synthetic fibres also own their rigidity and tensile strength to hydrogen bonding. iv) Most of our food materials such as carbohydrates and proteins also consist of hydrogen bonding. v) Hydrogen bonding also exists in various tissues, organs, skin, blood and bones.
Views: 2464 Easy Tips 4 Learner
The science behind cooking doesn’t need to make you feel like you’re drowning. Quite the contrary…in the kitchen, water is your friend. Understanding water and its interactions is crucial to the cooking process, and this video helps break it all down for you. You’ll learn the basic principles of water in food systems—including hydrogen bonding, polarity, and changes of phase—and some of the best ways to use it in your cooking. Find out more about The Culinary Institute of America’s Bachelor’s Degree in Culinary Science: http://www.ciachef.edu/culinary-science/ Learn more at: http://www.ciachef.edu CIA Degree and Certificate programs: http://www.ciachef.edu/academics CIA Restaurants: http://www.ciarestaurantgroup.com Founded in 1946, The Culinary Institute of America is the world’s premier culinary college. Dedicated to driving leadership development for the foodservice and hospitality industry, the independent, not-for-profit CIA offers associate degrees in culinary arts and baking and pastry arts; bachelor’s degree majors in management, culinary science, and applied food studies; and executive education through its Food Business School. Its conferences and consulting services have made the CIA the think tank of the food industry in the areas of health & wellness, sustainability, world cuisines & cultures, and professional excellence & innovation. The college also offers certificate programs and courses for professionals and enthusiasts. Its worldwide network of 48,000 alumni includes leaders in every area of foodservice and hospitality. The CIA has campuses in New York, California, Texas, and Singapore.
Views: 2197 The Culinary Institute of America
In this video we discuss the structure of water. We cover how and why is water a solvent to other substances, and how the ability of water to act as a solvent makes it a great transporting agent in the body. Transcript and notes The structure of water The chemistry of water Water is an inorganic molecule that is the most important compound in the body. In fact, a normal adult’s body weight is made up of 50% or more of water. A molecule of water has one oxygen atom covalently bonded to 2 hydrogen atoms. Covalent bonds being chemical bonds that are formed by the sharing of one or more pairs of electrons by the outer energy levels or shells of two atoms. Water molecules are also polar molecules, even though the oxygen atom shares electrons with the hydrogen atoms, the electrons are not shared equally within the molecule. This gives the oxygen side of the molecule two partial negative charges, and each of the hydrogen’s a slightly positive charge. This means that each water molecule can form up to 4 hydrogen bonds with adjacent water molecules. Hydrogen bonds are the result of an unequal charge distribution on a molecule, these molecules are said to be polar. This property allows water to act as a very effective solvent, which means it is able to dissolve or break apart many other substances. Substances that do dissolve or break apart in water are called hydrophilic, which means water loving. Non polar substances that do not dissolve in water are called hydrophobic, or water fearing. Some substances such as glucose molecules dissolve and remain intact in water, as water molecules surround the substance forming a hydration shell around the molecule. Some substances dissolve and dissociate or break apart in water. Table salt or NaCl, when added to water will dissociate to form positive Na ions and negative Cl ions, with hydration shells forming around each ion. This property of water allows it to function as a transporter, as water based fluids such as blood transport substances dissolved in water throughout the body. Non polar hydrophobic substances such as fats and cholesterol that do not bond with water must be enclosed within a transport protein molecule to be transported within blood. Other notes Water also absorbs and gives up heat slowly, which means it retains a relatively constant temperature. This property plays an important role in maintaining body temperature. This can be seen during exercise, as water or sweat is evaporated from the surface of the skin. Water also functions as a lubricant moistening food making it easier to swallow and decreasing friction as is the case with synovial fluid located within certain joints. Water acts as a cushion in some areas of the body, as the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord are water based. Water helps keep tissues moist, such as the eyes, nose and throat, enabling them to function properly as well as helping keep skin from drying and cracking. And water helps to excrete wastes in the body, as some unwanted substances are eliminated through urine.
Views: 14000 Whats Up Dude
You drink it, clean with it, and swim in it, but do you really understand it? Take a few minutes and learn about how awesome water really is. Subscribe: http://bit.ly/2wJ0DHa TheCrazyChosenOne: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_Oz1ntBqRGuhZ5g9MvgyqA Learn more about water! https://owlcation.com/stem/5-Properties-of-Water https://socratic.org/questions/what-are-some-examples-of-properties-of-water https://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/geophysics/h2o7.htm Now, on to water aka dihydrogen monoxide aka H2O. Water is made up of one oxygen atom, and two hydrogen atoms. And looks something like this. This structure makes water a very polar molecule. Without going into the beautiful details, Oxygen has a net negative charge while the opposite ends with the hydrogens have a net positive charge. This allows water molecules to form hydrogen bonds and gives water many of its other properties. Cohesion and Adhesion are two such properties. Cohesion is water’s attraction to itself. The hydrogen bonds that I mentioned facilitate this. This is also why water has surface tension, allowing bugs to walk on it. Additionally, cohesion keeps water a liquid at moderate temperatures instead of a gas. Adhesion is water’s attraction to other surfaces. Water will adhere to anything it can form a hydrogen bonds with. This is the reason for capillary action, where water climbs up a narrow glass tube. Another property of water is it’s high heat capacity. Heat capacity is a substance ability to absorb heat. More accurately, it’s the amount of energy needed to raise one gram of a substance by one degree celsius. This allows water to absorb temperature changes and keep air temperature at moderate levels. Which is pretty cool… Finally, water is known as the universal solvent, meaning that a wide range of substances can be dissolved in it. This includes hydrophilic and polar molecules like sugars and salts. Substances that generally don’t dissolve in water are hydrophobic, like oils. So now you know a little more about the properties of H2O, and bare in mind, we only covered a portion of water’s amazing properties, so be sure to check the links in the description to learn more. And, as always throw any questions in the comment section! Now, I want to give a shoutout to one of my subscribers, TheCrazyChosenOne. The channel is linked below. It’s a gaming channel with a lot of Fortnite recently, and who doesn’t love some Fortnite gameplay, am I right? Easy listening, enjoyable watching. The channel is not limited though, it features a wide variety of game from Minecraft to Call of Duty. So check it out, and if you like the content, give it some love with likes, comments, and a sub. If you want your channel featured in my next vid, let me know. I’ll catch you next time.
Views: 1390 2 Minute Classroom
Hank teaches us why water is one of the most fascinating and important substances in the universe. Follow SciShow on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Like SciShow on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Review: Re-watch = 00:00 Introduction = 00:42 Molecular structure & hydrogen bonds = 01:38 Cohesion & surface tension = 02:46 Adhesion = 03:31 Hydrophilic substances = 04:42 Hydrophobic substances = 05:14 Henry Cavendish = 05:49 Ice Density = 07:45 Heat Capacity = 09:10 Crash Course Biology is now available on DVD! http://dftba.com/product/1av/CrashCourse-Biology-The-Complete-Series-DVD-Set Citations: http://www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/youthdevelopment/components/0328-02.html http://www.uni.edu/~iowawet/H2OProperties.html http://www.hometrainingtools.com/properties-water-science-teaching-tip/a/1274/ http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/geophysics/h2o7.htm http://www.robinsonlibrary.com/science/chemistry/biography/cavendish.htm http://chemistry.mtu.edu/~pcharles/SCIHISTORY/HenryCavendish.html http://www.nndb.com/people/030/000083778/ http://www.notablebiographies.com/Ca-Ch/Cavendish-Henry.html TAGS: water, hydrogen, oxygen, molecule, covalent bond, cohesion, adhesion, polarity, hydrogen bond, surface tension, capillary action, hydrophilic, hydrophobic, ionic bond, ion, universal solvent, henry cavendish, chemistry, specific gravity, density, heat capacity, evaporation, biology, crashcourse, crash course, hank green Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 3095288 CrashCourse
The polar nature of water gives it some important properties. It allows things to dissolve in it. It has a high specific heat capacity. It’s got a high heat of vaporisation. Water molecules are cohesive meaning they can stick to each other. They are adhesive meaning they can stick to other things. Water has a high surface tension. And because hydrogen bonds force solid water to form in a crystalline structure, ice is less dense than water and therefore it floats. Twitter: https://twitter.com/science_sauce Instagram: https://instagram.com/sciencesauce_online Instagram for students: https://instagram.com/sciencesauce_students Home: http://sciencesauceonline.com First song by Joakim Karud (https://soundcloud.com/joakimkarud) Second song by Ikson (https://soundcloud.com/ikson)
Views: 136 Science Sauce
2.2 Water: Polarity of Water and Hydrogen Bonds Understanding that: - Hydrogen bonding and bipolarity explain the cohesive, adhesive, thermal and solvent properties of water - Structure of water causes it to be polar and thus cause hydrogen bonds to form in between them
Views: 8942 Alex Lee
Support this channel: https://www.patreon.com/jeffquitney Physics & Physical Sciences playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL_hX5wLdhf_JKIMNk88rKCkhpK73_qmHY Molecular Physics, Hydrogen Bond: Why does water expand when frozen, and have high surface tension? It is due to the electrostatic hydrogen bond, as explained in this film. Originally a public domain film, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen_bond Wikipedia license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) atom which is bound to a more electronegative atom or group, such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F)—the hydrogen bond donor—and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons—the hydrogen bond acceptor. Hydrogen bonds can be intermolecular (occurring between separate molecules) or intramolecular (occurring among parts of the same molecule). Depending on the nature of the donor and acceptor atoms which constitute the bond, their geometry, and environment, the energy of a hydrogen bond can vary between 1 and 40 kcal/mol. This makes them somewhat stronger than a van der Waals interaction, and weaker than fully covalent or ionic bonds. This type of bond can occur in inorganic molecules such as water and in organic molecules like DNA and proteins. Intermolecular hydrogen bonding is responsible for the high boiling point of water (100 °C) compared to the other group 16 hydrides that have much weaker hydrogen bonds. Intramolecular hydrogen bonding is partly responsible for the secondary and tertiary structures of proteins and nucleic acids. It also plays an important role in the structure of polymers, both synthetic and natural... A ubiquitous example of a hydrogen bond is found between water molecules. In a discrete water molecule, there are two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. Two molecules of water can form a hydrogen bond between them that is to say oxygen-hydrogen bonding; the simplest case, when only two molecules are present, is called the water dimer and is often used as a model system. When more molecules are present, as is the case with liquid water, more bonds are possible because the oxygen of one water molecule has two lone pairs of electrons, each of which can form a hydrogen bond with a hydrogen on another water molecule. This can repeat such that every water molecule is H-bonded with up to four other molecules, as shown in the figure (two through its two lone pairs, and two through its two hydrogen atoms). Hydrogen bonding strongly affects the crystal structure of ice, helping to create an open hexagonal lattice. The density of ice is less than the density of water at the same temperature; thus, the solid phase of water floats on the liquid, unlike most other substances. Liquid water's high boiling point is due to the high number of hydrogen bonds each molecule can form, relative to its low molecular mass. Owing to the difficulty of breaking these bonds, water has a very high boiling point, melting point, and viscosity compared to otherwise similar liquids... The number of hydrogen bonds formed by a molecule of liquid water fluctuates with time and temperature... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water#Polarity_and_hydrogen_bonding Since the water molecule is not linear and the oxygen atom has a higher electronegativity than hydrogen atoms, it is a polar molecule, with an electrical dipole moment: the oxygen atom carries a slight negative charge, whereas the hydrogen atoms are slightly positive... Because of its polarity, a molecule of water in the liquid or solid state can form up to four hydrogen bonds with neighboring molecules. These bonds are the cause of water's high surface tension and capillary forces. The capillary action refers to the tendency of water to move up a narrow tube against the force of gravity. This property is relied upon by all vascular plants, such as trees. The hydrogen bonds are also the reason why the melting and boiling points of water are much higher than those of other analogous compounds like hydrogen sulfide (H 2S). They also explain its exceptionally high specific heat capacity (about 4.2 J/g/K), heat of fusion (about 333 J/g), heat of vaporization (2257 J/g), and thermal conductivity (between 0.561 and 0.679 W/m/K). These properties make water more effective at moderating Earth's climate, by storing heat and transporting it between the oceans and the atmosphere...
Views: 4512 Jeff Quitney
Video Description In this video we describe the electrostatics of Hydrogen bonding in water and its importance in the structure of liquid water. The BioPandit Team Saurav Mallik: Senior Ph.D student in the Department of Biophysics, Molecular Biology and Bioinformatics, University of Calcutta, India. Known as the Maha-Pandit in BioPandit videos. Saurav works in the interface of structural and evolutionary bioinformatics and has published 9 research papers in leading scientific journals. ResearchGate Profile: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Saurav_Mallik. Sudipto Basu: Junior Ph.D student in the Department of Biophysics, Molecular Biology and Bioinformatics, University of Calcutta, India. Known as the Chote-pandit in BioPandit videos. With his comprehensive biological knowledge (GATE-qualified), Sudipto works on the structural and evolutionary aspects of RNA folding and gene expression. Suman Hait: Junior Ph.D student in the Department of Biophysics, Molecular Biology and Bioinformatics, University of Calcutta, India. Known as the Bade-pandit in BioPandit videos. With his advanced computational skills (GATE, BINC and NET LS-qualified) Suman works on the structural and evolutionary aspects of protein-RNA complexes and gene expression.
Views: 836 BioPandit
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Q1. Why ortho nitro phenol is more volatile than para nitro phenol? Why NH3 is more soluble than PH3? Why ammonia has higher boiling point than phosphine? Why water is more viscous than hydrogen fluoride? Why water is liquid whereas hydrogen sulphide is gas?
Views: 20509 Tomar Chemistry tutorial Indore
The science behind cooking doesn’t need to make you feel like you’re drowning. Quite the contrary…in the kitchen, water is your friend. Understanding water and its interactions is crucial to the cooking process, and this video helps break it all down for you. You’ll learn the basic principles of water in food systems—including hydrogen bonding, polarity, and changes of phase—and some of the best ways to use it in your cooking. Find out more about The Culinary Institute of America’s Bachelor’s Degree in Culinary Science here http://www.ciachef.edu/bachelors-degree-culinary-science/
Views: 839 CIA CETL
The video shows the dynamcs of water molecules over 50 picoseconds in a Car-Parrinello ab initio simulation with van der Waals corrections (see the reference for details). A couple of hydrogen bonds are their formation and break is also shown (red lines). Water molecules undergo large rotations (;large-angle jumps). Follow also the vibrations of the hydrogen atoms. Reference: Long-time correlations and hydrophobe modified hydrogen bonding dynamics in hydrophobic hydration, J.T. Titantah, M. Karttunen, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 9362-9368 (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja301908a
Views: 7914 softsimu
Water is important to life all the billions of life forms on Earth. Yet, it is hard to comprehend that it could be such a scarce resource, especially fresh water. So, hat properties does water have that make it so important? I'll give you a hint. It has something to do with Hydrogen Bonds
Views: 148 Kelly Han
What are the basics behind forming a hydrogen bond intermolecular force?
Views: 1256 ASFC Chemistry
Highly Recommended - Top Tutors for All Subjects at All Levels here: https://spires.co/franklychemistry This short flash animation takes you down to a millionth of a millimetre to where you can see how water molecules behave. If water is colled to 0 Celsius it freezes. At that point the molecules have sufficiently low kinetic energy for the hydrogen bonds to hold the molecules together permanently.
Views: 908 FranklyChemistry