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Rethinking Pei: A Centenary Symposium, Panel 3: Power, Capital, and People
 
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Panel 3 Participants: Seng Kuan, moderator Edward Eigen: “I. M. Pei and the ‘Big Plan’: The Several Lives of the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum” André Bideau: “Between the Superblock and the Pyramid. I. M. Pei and Araldo Cossutta at La Défense” Cole Roskam: “The Fragrant Hill Hotel: Reassessing the Politics of Tradition and Abstraction in China’s Early Reform Era” Shirley Surya: “Pei's Office and Singapore's Urban Core: Corporate Architecture, Symbolic Aestheticization and Economic Pragmatism” Kellogg Wong: “I. M. Pei & Partners, the Pei Team, and Singapore” A two-part symposium examining the work and life of I. M. Pei from multiple vantage points. Organized by the Harvard GSD with M+, Hong Kong, and the Faculty of Architecture, The University of Hong Kong. Ieoh Ming Pei is one of the most celebrated yet under-theorized architects of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Although Pei’s six-decade career is mostly identified with his unwavering interest in cultural synthesis and the power of pure geometrical form, his modes of practice demand further investigation of their intertwinement with the multiple historical and discursive moments of modern architecture. The two-day symposium will include panel discussions and scholarly presentations that showcase new research on Pei’s manifold contributions to the built environment. Notable alumni from Pei’s office will discuss the emergence of a new kind of architectural practice in the postwar era. Among the topics to be addressed in the paper sessions are technological innovations with concrete, the glass curtain wall, and structural designs; Pei’s longstanding affinities for China’s landscape and vernacular traditions; his legacy on major urban spaces in Boston and other cities around the world; and the increasingly global and transnational conditions of architectural production that Pei successfully navigated. Organized with M+, the new museum for visual culture being built in Hong Kong, this symposium is part of a yearlong celebration of the 100th birthday of Ieoh Ming (I. M.) Pei MArch ’46. Both I. M. and his wife, Eileen Pei GSD ’44, studied at the Harvard Graduate School of Design, as did their sons Chien Chung (Didi) Pei, AB ’68, MArch ’72, and Li Chung (Sandi) Pei, AB ’72, MArch ’76. Pei was also an assistant professor of architecture at the GSD. In March the GSD held a panel discussion, led by Harry Cobb AB ’47, MArch ’49, which focused on the formative years of I. M. Pei’s career as well as some of his special friendships, influences, and projects. A second symposium, co-organized by M+ and the Department of Architecture at the University of Hong Kong, will be held in Hong Kong on December 14-15. These two symposia are made possible with the generous support of the C Foundation.
Views: 965 Harvard GSD
Mao Zedong | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Mao Zedong Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976), also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. His theories, military strategies, and political policies are collectively known as Maoism. Mao was the son of a wealthy farmer in Shaoshan, Hunan. He had a Chinese nationalist and anti-imperialist outlook early in his life, and was particularly influenced by the events of the Xinhai Revolution of 1911 and May Fourth Movement of 1919. He later adopted Marxism–Leninism while working at Peking University, and became a founding member of the Communist Party of China (CPC), leading the Autumn Harvest Uprising in 1927. During the Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang (KMT) and the CPC, Mao helped to found the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, led the Jiangxi Soviet's radical land policies, and ultimately became head of the CPC during the Long March. Although the CPC temporarily allied with the KMT under the United Front during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945), China's civil war resumed after Japan's surrender and in 1949 Mao's forces defeated the Nationalist government, which withdrew to Taiwan. On October 1, 1949, Mao proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China (PRC), a single-party state controlled by the CPC. In the following years he solidified his control through land reforms and through a psychological victory in the Korean War, as well as through campaigns against landlords, people he termed "counter-revolutionaries", and other perceived enemies of the state. In 1957 he launched a campaign known as the Great Leap Forward that aimed to rapidly transform China's economy from agrarian to industrial. This campaign led to the deadliest famine in history and the deaths of an estimated minimum of 45 million people between 1958 and 1962. In 1966, Mao initiated the Cultural Revolution, a program to remove "counter-revolutionary" elements in Chinese society which lasted 10 years and was marked by violent class struggle, widespread destruction of cultural artifacts, and an unprecedented elevation of Mao's cult of personality. The program is now officially regarded as a "severe setback" for the PRC. In 1972, Mao welcomed American President Richard Nixon in Beijing, signalling the start of a policy of opening China to the world. After years of ill health, Mao suffered a series of heart attacks in 1976 and died at the age of 82. He was succeeded as paramount leader by Premier Hua Guofeng, who was quickly sidelined and replaced by Deng Xiaoping. A controversial figure, Mao is regarded as one of the most important and influential individuals in modern world history. He is also known as a political intellect, theorist, military strategist, poet, and visionary. Supporters credit him with driving imperialism out of China, modernising the nation and building it into a world power, promoting the status of women, improving education and health care, as well as increasing life expectancy as China's population grew from around 550 million to over 900 million under his leadership. Conversely, his regime has been called autocratic and totalitarian, and condemned for bringing about mass repression and destroying religious and cultural artifacts and sites. It was additionally responsible for vast numbers of deaths with estimates ranging from 30 to 70 million victims.
Views: 71 wikipedia tts
2008 Chinese milk scandal | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: 2008 Chinese milk scandal 00:02:48 1 Melamine 00:04:00 1.1 Source of contamination 00:07:11 1.2 Victims 00:11:00 2 Companies 00:11:59 2.1 Sanlu 00:12:48 2.1.1 Warning signs ignored 00:14:32 2.1.2 Cover-up allegations 00:17:54 2.1.3 Sanctions 00:19:09 2.1.4 Arrests 00:21:45 2.1.5 Effect on the company 00:22:48 2.2 Chinese majors 00:24:55 3 Trade and industry impact 00:25:05 3.1 Chinese industry 00:27:49 3.2 Foreign operations in China 00:30:19 3.3 Olympics 00:30:49 3.4 Outside mainland China 00:31:51 3.4.1 Hong Kong 00:33:30 3.4.2 European Union 00:34:02 3.4.3 United States Food and Drug Administration 00:35:27 4 Response 00:35:36 4.1 International agencies 00:38:42 4.2 Chinese public 00:38:51 4.2.1 Anger at Sanlu 00:40:59 4.2.2 Anger at political leaders 00:42:22 4.2.3 Quest for milk substitutes 00:43:22 4.3 Taiwan 00:44:29 4.4 PRC government 00:44:38 4.4.1 Top leaders' comments 00:46:39 4.4.2 Stepped-up inspection program 00:49:13 4.4.3 Public relations 00:51:34 4.4.4 Censorship 00:52:53 4.4.5 Pressure on the legal profession 00:54:57 4.4.6 Criminal prosecutions 00:55:06 4.5 Other third parties 00:55:14 4.5.1 On the economic root cause 00:56:06 4.5.2 On the damage caused 00:58:34 4.5.3 On the power structure 01:01:18 4.5.4 On the culture of secrecy 01:02:40 4.6 On the Chinese social critics 01:03:13 5 Widening contamination 01:03:49 5.1 Chicken and eggs 01:05:25 5.2 Baking powder 01:06:13 6 Impact and response 01:06:23 6.1 International agencies 01:06:47 6.2 Chinese public and the trade 01:07:52 6.3 PRC government 01:09:04 7 Contamination and response in 2009–2010 01:12:06 8 See also 01:12:35 9 Notes Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The 2008 Chinese milk scandal was a widespread food safety incident in China. The scandal involved milk and infant formula along with other food materials and components being adulterated with melamine. Of an estimated 300,000 victims in China, six babies died from kidney stones and other kidney damage and an estimated 54,000 babies were hospitalized. The chemical gives the appearance of higher protein content when added to milk, leading to protein deficiency in the formula. In a separate incident four years prior, watered-down milk had resulted in 12 infant deaths from malnutrition. The scandal broke on 16 July 2008, after sixteen babies in Gansu Province were diagnosed with kidney stones. The babies were fed infant formula produced by Shijiazhuang-based Sanlu Group. After the initial focus on Sanlu—market leader in the budget segment—government inspections revealed the problem existed to a lesser degree in products from 21 other companies, including an Arla Foods-Mengniu joint venture company known as Arla Mengniu, Yili, and Yashili.The issue raised concerns about food safety and political corruption in China, and damaged the reputation of China's food exports. At least 11 countries stopped all imports of Chinese dairy products. A number of criminal prosecutions were conducted by the Chinese government. Two people were executed, one given a suspended death penalty, three people receiving life imprisonment, two receiving 15-year jail terms, and seven local government officials, as well as the Director of the Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ), were fired or forced to resign.The World Health Organization referred to the incident as one of the largest food safety events it has had to deal with in recent years, and that the crisis of confidence among Chinese consumers would be hard to overcome. A spokesman said the scale of the problem proved it was "clearly not an isolated accident, [but] a large-scale intentional activity to deceive consumers for simple, basic, short-term profits." In late October 2008, similar adulteration with melamine was discovered in eggs and possibly other food. The source was traced to melamine being added to animal feed, despite a ban imposed in June 2007 following the scandal over pet food ingredients ex ...
Views: 33 Subhajit Sahu
Dallas | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dallas 00:02:39 1 History 00:02:49 1.1 Pre-colonial settlement 00:04:04 1.2 Settlement and development 00:05:45 1.3 20th and 21st centuries 00:08:43 2 Geography 00:09:50 2.1 Architecture 00:11:26 2.2 Neighborhoods 00:11:35 2.2.1 Central Dallas 00:12:34 2.2.2 East Dallas 00:13:29 2.2.3 Southern Dallas 00:15:55 2.3 Districts 00:16:05 2.4 Topography 00:21:22 2.5 Climate 00:28:17 3 Demographics 00:35:47 3.1 Religion 00:41:19 3.2 Crime 00:42:40 4 Economy 00:53:58 5 Arts and culture 00:54:08 5.1 Cuisine 00:54:31 5.2 Arts and museums 01:00:34 5.3 Libraries 01:01:24 5.4 Events 01:03:24 5.5 Places of interest 01:03:34 6 Sports 01:04:16 6.1 Major league 01:07:36 6.2 Minor league 01:08:36 6.3 College 01:10:00 7 Parks and recreation 01:11:25 7.1 Fair Park 01:12:00 7.2 Klyde Warren Park 01:13:13 7.3 Turtle Creek Park 01:14:04 7.4 Lake Cliff Park 01:14:57 7.5 Reverchon Park 01:16:16 7.6 Trinity River Project 01:17:10 7.7 Katy Trail 01:18:08 7.8 Preserves 01:19:14 7.9 Dallas Zoo 01:19:40 8 Government 01:19:49 8.1 Local 01:21:15 8.2 Federal and state 01:22:04 8.3 Politics 01:24:30 9 Education 01:24:56 9.1 Colleges and universities 01:25:33 9.1.1 Colleges and universities in the Dallas city limits 01:30:56 9.1.2 Colleges and universities in the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area 01:34:38 9.1.3 University Research Center 01:34:46 9.2 Other area colleges and universities 01:36:34 9.3 Primary and secondary schools 01:39:32 9.3.1 Private schools 01:40:48 10 Media 01:45:43 11 Infrastructure 01:45:53 11.1 Health care 01:47:34 11.2 Police and fire 01:48:42 12 Transportation 01:50:45 12.1 Highways 01:53:06 12.2 Transit systems 01:57:13 12.3 Airports 01:59:23 12.4 Utilities 02:00:13 13 Sister cities 02:01:12 14 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7961081067452137 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Dallas () is a city in the U.S. state of Texas. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,341,075, it is the ninth most-populous city in the U.S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States and the largest inland metropolitan area in the U.S. that lacks any navigable link to the sea. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the country at 7.3 million people as of 2017. Dallas is the seat of Dallas County. Sections of the city extend into Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall counties. Dallas and nearby Fort Worth initially developed due to the construction of major railroad lines through the area allowing access to cotton, cattle, and later oil in North and East Texas. The construction of the Interstate Highway System reinforced Dallas's prominence as a transportation hub, with four major interstate highways converging in the city and a fifth interstate loop around it. Dallas then developed as a strong industrial and financial center, and a major inland port, due to the convergence of major railroad lines, interstate highways, and the construction of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, one of the largest and busiest airports in the world.Dallas is rated a "beta(+)" global city. The economy of Dallas is considered diverse, with dominant sectors including defense, financial services, information technology, telecommunications, and transportation. It serves as the headquarters for 9 Fortune 500 companies within the city limits. The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex hosts additional Fortune 500 companies, including American Airlines (Fort Worth), ExxonMobil (Irving), and J.C. Penney (Plano). The city has a population from a myriad of ethnic and religious backgrounds and the sixth-largest LGBT population in the United States.
Views: 58 wikipedia tts

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