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Conflict as a natural resource | Charles Irvine | TEDxLondonBusinessSchool
 
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Backed by his unique experiences, Charles gives a fascinating perspective into conflict and the power of good that can emerge from the unexpected. During his time as a peace monitor in South Africa at the height of Apartheid, Charles Irvine developed a belief that conflict has the potential to be our greatest natural resource. Since relocating to the UK in 1996 to build “Questions of Difference”, a niche consultancy, he has gone on to inspire more than 40,000 people as a strategic business consultant in over 30 countries. He is driven by his passion for creating environments where groups of people do extraordinary things. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx
Views: 5442 TEDx Talks
Does Natural Resource Scarcity Always Equal Conflict?
 
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Must competition for resources, particularly in areas most affected by climate change, result in conflict? Or can education prevent conflict and lead to better solutions? In this episode of NOW, Roger-Mark De Souza, Director of Population, Environmental Security, and Resilience with the Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program tackles these tough questions and provides a preview of a major event planned for World Population Day 2014. Guest Roger-Mark De Souza is the director of population, environmental security, and resilience for the Wilson Center. He leads programs on climate change resilience, reproductive and maternal health, environmental security, and livelihoods, including the Global Sustainability and Resilience Program, Environmental Change and Security Program, and Maternal Health Initiative. Before joining the Center in 2013, De Souza served as vice president of research and director of the climate program at Population Action International, where he provided strategic guidance, technical oversight, and management of programs on population, gender, climate change, environment, and reproductive health. From 2007 to 2010, as the director of foundation and corporate relations at the Sierra Club, he led a multi-million dollar foundation and corporate fundraising program. Prior to working at the Sierra Club, he directed the Population, Health, and Environment Program at the Population Reference Bureau for 10 years, where he designed and implemented research, communications, and capacity-building projects in the United States, Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean.
Views: 1470 WoodrowWilsonCenter
Annan warns about impact of conflicts on natural resources
 
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The Chair of the Africa Progress Panel (APP) has urged the United Nations (UN) Security Council to play an important role in ending the plunder of minerals and other natural resources that perpetuate violent conflict, particularly in Africa...http://owl.li/mcUFp
Views: 244 SABC Digital News
Launch of "Natural Resources and Conflict: A Guide for Mediation Practitioners"
 
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This video was filmed by the International Peace Institute during the launch of the collaborative report produced by the UN Department of Political Affairs (DPA) and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) "Natural Resources and Conflict: A Guide for Mediation Practitioners." The event was sponsored by the Permanent Missions of Belgium and Finland and took place at the International Peace Institute in New York on 19 February 2015. Keynote Remarks: United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, H.E. Mr. Jan Eliasson Speakers: H.E. Mr. Pekka Haavisto, Member of Parliament, former Minister, Finland Mr. Michael Brown, DPA Standby Team of Mediation Experts and Professor of Practice in Conflict Mediation at McGill University Moderators: Mr. Stephen Jackson, Team Leader, Mediation Support Unit, DPA Mr. David Jensen, Head of Environmental Cooperation for Peacebuilding, UNEP Visit http://peacemaker.un.org/mediation-support/featured-projects/natural-resources-project to read the report.
TEDxOrangeCoast - Richard Matthew - Natural Resources for Peacebuilding
 
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Mankind has created borders that evolved through time. Richard Matthew explores how are borders really frontiers inviting exploration and innovation. Richard Matthew, Ph.D., is a professor at the University of California Irvine and the founding director of the Center for Unconventional Security Affairs (www.cusa.uci.edu). He spends much of his time in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, studying how environmental stress contributes to violent conflict and other types of crisis. For several years he has worked closely with the United Nations to integrate natural resource management and climate change adaptation into peace-building efforts, participating in various field assessments and directing one in Sierra Leone. He teaches courses on sustainability and social enterprise. About TEDx. TEDx was created in the spirit of TED's mission, "ideas worth spreading." The program is designed to give communities, organizations and individuals the opportunity to stimulate dialogue through TED-like experiences at the local level. At TEDx events, a screening of TEDTalks videos -- or a combination of live presenters and TEDTalks videos -- sparks deep conversation and connections. TEDx events are fully planned and coordinated independently, on a community-by-community basis.
Views: 6908 TEDx Talks
Blood Diamonds and Religious War: Diamonds and Division
 
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The Central African Republic is one of the poorest countries in the world, but it is also rich in natural resources. One of the official mining sectors has collapsed amid the country’s ongoing conflict, and now both sides are benefitting from the illicit trade of gold and diamonds. Clashes over control of the many mines have also created religious tension in places where there previously had been none. VICE News traveled to mines located in the heart of the Central African Republic to see how the battle over natural resources is playing out in one of the world’s most violent conflicts. Watch "The Human Cost of War in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/15xC4L2 Watch "War in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/1Ao5Qdx Read "UN Peacekeeper Released Hours After Being Kidnapped in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/1Enj8O7 Read "Violence Escalates in Central African Republic as Thousands of Muslims Remain Trapped in the Country" - http://bit.ly/1yrNFpl Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 531988 VICE News
Conflict natural resources and food security
 
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I Afrika skulle jordbruket kunna producera mycket mer mat om bara jordbruksmetoderna förbättrades. EU har därför utvecklat samarbeten med de afrikanska länderna för att öka matsäkerheten och tillväxten. Francesco Rampa, chef för EU:s matsäkerhetsprogram, berättade om arbetet under en föreläsning i Stockholm.
Views: 48 fufplay
Report Launch: From Conflict to Peacebuilding: The Role of Natural Resources and the Environment
 
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UNEP would like to put green advisers with blue helmets to examine peacebuilding "from an environmental, natural resource restoration point of view," says Achim Steiner.
Views: 157 WoodrowWilsonCenter
Key Drivers of Violent Conflict in Africa: Myths and Reality, Dr. Paul Williams
 
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Speaking at the start of a four-day seminar titled, “Africa’s Contemporary Security Challenges” hosted by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS), Dr. Paul Williams, an Associate Professor of International Affairs and Director of the Security Policy Studies Program at George Washington University delivered a far-reaching overview of key drivers of violent conflict in Africa. The September 22 address was part of a seminar series offered by ACSS for U.S. government inter-agency officials engaged on Africa issues. Drawing on empirical data from various sources including the World Bank’s Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED) and the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) Dr. Williams recognized that there has been a dramatic reduction of armed conflict on the African continent in the past decade. “Empirical evidence suggests that there are fewer incidents of armed conflict, mainly concentrated along a geographical belt extending from West Africa and across the Sahel to the Horn of Africa,” he explained. “Southern Africa,” he said, “has now become the most peaceful region on the continent, which was not the case two decades ago.” The evident progress notwithstanding, violent conflicts continue to characterize the African security environment and undermine governance and institution building in the security sector. Dr. Williams discussed what he termed the “myths” and “realities” of African conflicts. - See more at: http://africacenter.org/2014/09/assessing-drivers-of-violent-conflict-in-africa/#sthash.mhBU9LjA.dpuf
Richard Matthew - Community Led Approaches to Natural Resources and Peacebuilding
 
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"After 20 years of peacebuilding experimentation, one of the good signs is that the countries receiving this [peacebuilding] attention...more and more are shaping the process," said Professor Richard Matthew, director of the Center for Unconventional Security Affairs at the University of California, Irvine. Peacebuilding is shifting, he said, from internationals going in with pre-existing conceptions of "what you need for stability and development, what will make you attractive to investors, what will make your people secure," to instead sitting down and talking with stakeholders about "what types of capacity do you need, and how can we support you in acquiring those." Read the full post on New Security Beat: http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2012/04/richard-matthew-responsive.html
Natural Resources & Insecurity in Africa - Franklin C. Moore
 
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A career member of the Senior Executive Service, Franklin C. Moore is the Deputy Assistant Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development’s Bureau for Africa, which provided $6.4 billion in assistance to 49 African countries in 2011. Mr. Moore also served in this position from January 2008 to July 2010. Prior to this appointment, Mr. Moore served in Rome as USAID’s Senior Development Counselor and Senior Advisor to the U.S. Ambassador to Rome-based UN organizations from July 2010 to December 2012. Mr. Moore was Director of the Office of Environment and Science Policy within the Agency's Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture and Trade in 2002-08, and he served as the Acting Deputy Assistant Administrator and Director for the Agency's Global Center for the Environment. Prior to joining USAID in 1998, Mr. Moore held positions in the areas of agriculture, environment and national resource management with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, with Africare resident in Zimbabwe; with Peace Corps and as a Lecturer at Virginia State (College) University and the University of Science and Technology in Kumasi, Ghana. Mr. Moore has a bachelor’s degree in Economics with a minor in Art History from Yale University. He received a master’s degree in Agricultural Economics, as well as a certificate in African Studies from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Mr. Moore studied for a Ph.D. in Development Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (Agriculture/Natural Resource Economics, Political Science and Rural Sociology). Mr. Moore has lived and worked in both West and Southern Africa; he has worked in approximately 40 countries overseas.
Preventing Violent Conflict: How Can Innovative Technologies Aid Peacebuilding?
 
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On April 12, 2013, the United States Institute of Peace (USIP), along with the International Peace Institute (IPI), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), held an interactive discussion and the launch of a series of case study reports on the role of new technologies in the prevention of violent conflict. How can new information and communications technologies (ICTs) support international actors, governments, and civil society organizations to strengthen their voice and action in order to more effectively prevent violence and conflict? With this core question in mind, this joint research initiative has explores how innovative forms of communication, information gathering, information sharing, and information analysis over the internet (such as social media, information mapping, GIS mapping, etc.), via mobile phone applications, and text messaging can be utilized in the service of conflict prevention. The case studies presented at the event were selected to cover multiple tools in different contexts, including responses to crisis, conflict, and criminal violence, long-term prevention, use in restrictive government environments, and the potential of "Big Data" in conflict prevention. Frederick S. Tipson, USIP's Senior Adviser for Science, Technology & Peacebuilding, moderated the discussion. Panelists Francesco Mancini, Senior Director of Research, IPI Jose Garzon, Deputy Director, Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation, USAID Ozonnia Ojielo, Coordinator, Conflict Prevention and Recovery, Bureau of Crisis Prevention and Recovery, UNDP Emmanuel Letouze, PhD Candidate, UC Berkeley; Co-author, Big Data case study Video Presentations Helena Puig Larrauri, Author, Sudan & South Sudan case study
Annan warns about impact of conflicts on natural resources
 
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Kofi Annan, Chair of the Africa Progress Panel, has urged the United Nations Security Council to play an important role in ending the plunder of minerals and other natural resources that perpetuate violent conflict, particularly in Africa. Original source: http://owl.li/mcUFp Read Mr Annan's speech: http://bit.ly/15mMAh1
Strategic Interests and Interstate Conflict
 
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In the fourth installment of the Global Resource Nexus Series, Senior Fellow Geoffrey Kemp analyzes prospects for violent interstate disputes over natural resources. He discusses the role new rising geopolitical powers, a growing global middle class, and climate change will play in raising the risk of conflicts over resources, specifically minerals, fish, oils, gas, and fresh water.
Views: 530 GermanMarshallFund
Report Launch, “Natural Resource Revenue Sharing”
 
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The Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) are pleased to launch the report “Natural Resource Revenue Sharing”. The report gives an overview of resource revenue sharing mechanisms around the world and provides advice to policymakers establishing or reforming their systems. We invite you to attend a short presentation of the key findings, followed by an informal roundtable discussion. The discussion will focus on whether these systems can help address the ‘resource curse’ and what the international community can do to improve their performance. In nearly every country, subnational governments receive public funds, either through direct tax collection or through intergovernmental transfers. However, in more than 30 countries, such as Bolivia, Indonesia, Nigeria and Papua New Guinea, distribution of non-renewable natural resource revenues to subnational authorities is governed by a set of rules that are distinct from the rules governing distribution of non-resource revenues. While these systems can promote economic development and help mitigate or even prevent violent conflict in resource-rich regions, they can also generate perverse incentives for transforming natural resource wealth into wellbeing. They can exacerbate boom-bust cycles and regional inequalities. Worse, depending on how they are designed and implemented, they can intensify violent conflict rather than alleviating it. The central question that will be discussed is: What policies are more or less likely to improve the quality of public spending, compensate regions negatively affected by extractive activities, address local claims in resource-rich regions, and help mitigate conflict? We will focus on emerging or evolving systems in conflict states, including the DRC, Iraq, Libya and Myanmar. Breakfast will be served from 9 AM. About the presenters: Andrew Bauer is Senior Economic Analyst at NRGI. He focuses on economic technical assistance and research to improve natural resource revenue management. His work includes advising governments, parliaments and civil society on macroeconomic management, public finance, and governance and accountability mechanisms in the extractives. Sofi Halling is a Policy Analyst in UNDP. She is currently working in UNDPs Oslo Governance Centre, with a special focus on developing applicable research and policy advice on Governance of Extractive Industries in regions / countries emerging out of conflict.
The Power of Local Natural Resource Governance in Conflict Contexts part 1
 
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Environmental Change and Security Program "Top-down government programs and top-down government policies and actions like protected areas" are not the only solutions to effective natural resource management (NRM), said Florida International University's David Bray, but "neither is community-based conservation...There are no panaceas. There's no universal remedy." Bray presented an overview of the links between NRM and conflict at a February 28, 2008, event sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP) that examined how local NRM efforts can strengthen local governance and help prevent violent conflict from erupting. The event was the second in ECSP's "New Horizons at the Nexus of Conflict, Natural Resources, and Health" meeting series, which is funded jointly by USAID's Office of Natural Resources Management, its Office of Population and Reproductive Health, and its Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation, with technical support from USAID's Asia and Near East and Africa bureaus. Panelists: Kent Glenzer, David Bray, Maksha Maharjan, Masego Madzwamuse
Views: 462 WoodrowWilsonCenter
Session 1 - Water, Food, and Conflict: How Resource Scarcity Influences Collective Violence
 
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by Dr Alison Heslin, Visiting Assistant Professor, New York University Abstract This study addresses the intersection of resource scarcity and collective violence. With increasing demands on natural resources due to climate change, industrial development, and population growth, understanding how scarce or inaccessible resources, such as water or food, relate to conflict is critical for security and stability throughout the world. In this paper, I address this intersection by first discussing the existing body of quantitative studies on conflict and resources. These studies find that rainfall, agricultural productivity, and access to water resources can affect levels of conflict in a country. In addition to direct effects, these factors also contribute to conflict by increasing poverty and inequality. My study adds to this literature by utilizing qualitative data to reveal the processes by which resource scarcity leads to violence.
The Power of Local Natural Resource Governance in Conflict Contexts part 2
 
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Environmental Change and Security Program "Top-down government programs and top-down government policies and actions like protected areas" are not the only solutions to effective natural resource management (NRM), said Florida International University's David Bray, but "neither is community-based conservation...There are no panaceas. There's no universal remedy." Bray presented an overview of the links between NRM and conflict at a February 28, 2008, event sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP) that examined how local NRM efforts can strengthen local governance and help prevent violent conflict from erupting. The event was the second in ECSP's "New Horizons at the Nexus of Conflict, Natural Resources, and Health" meeting series, which is funded jointly by USAID's Office of Natural Resources Management, its Office of Population and Reproductive Health, and its Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation, with technical support from USAID's Asia and Near East and Africa bureaus. Panelists: Kent Glenzer, David Bray, Maksha Maharjan, Masego Madzwamuse
Views: 305 WoodrowWilsonCenter
António Guterres (Secretary-General) on root causes of conflict - Security Council, 8372nd meeting
 
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Remarks by H.E. Mr. António Guterres, United Nations Secretary-General, at the Security Council meeting on "Root Causes of Conflict" (8372nd meeting). Secretary-General António Guterres today (16 Oct) told the Security Council that “the exploitation of natural resources, or competition over them, can and does lead to violent conflict,” adding that “preventing, managing and resolving such conflicts is one of the major and growing challenges of our time.” The Secretary-General noted that UN studies indicate that “more than 40 percent of internal armed conflicts over the last 60 years have been linked to natural resources,” and this trend will continue to grow with the increasing impacts of climate change. In the past decades in Africa, Guterres said, 75 percent of civil wars have been “partially funded by revenues from natural resources.” He said, “the illegal extraction of minerals, timber, charcoal and wildlife has fuelled violence in a number of regions,” including in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic. Guterres stressed that “more needs to be done to regulate the provenance, sale and trade of minerals through cooperative arrangements involving civil society, governments and regional and international organizations.” The Secretary-General said that in response, the organization is taking a number of actions, including strengthening partnerships with regional and sub-regional organizations. He welcomed the ongoing cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union and, including the Framework for an Enhanced Partnership in Peace and Security, “to support the Panel of the Wise in its efforts to improve prevention, mediation and the resolution of conflicts over natural resources in Africa.” The Ambassador of Bolivia, Sacha Sergio Llorentty Solíz, who presided today’s meeting, said that “when control, exploitation, or access to oil, gas, water, minerals, and other natural resources become a strategic objective to the warring parties or armed groups and criminal organizations, it is because often behind them there are multinational corporations or foreign interests willing to make use of them in order to gain access to these natural resources.”
Views: 1069 United Nations
Sustainability and Conflict in the Developing World (Renard Sexston)
 
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Renard Sexton - Project Coordinator, Fundacion Futuro Latinoamericano (Quito, Ecuador); International Affairs Columnist, FiveThirtyEight (New York Times) There is a growing body of academic, applied and journalistic research that points to a strong relationship between natural resources and conflict in the developing world. Whether attributed to a 'resource curse' in the case of high value, extractable natural resources, or 'scarcity and competition' over water, land, fisheries and other resources, it is clear that natural resources and the environment, because of their importance to human survival, are an important contributor to and victim of violent conflict. While there are many strategies for analyzing and transforming these sorts of conflicts in the short and medium term, such as negotiations and settlements over specific resources, external interventions that award control over resources, international boycotts of resources funding conflict, etc., sustainability and sustainable development have emerged as a potential key aspect of long term strategies. This talk will analyze, at a very practical level as well as in theory, where this has been and could be successful and where it will likely fall short.
Views: 580 CUSAatUCI
Civil Wars MOOC (#33): The Conflict Trap
 
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Civil wars destroy economies and bad economies lead to more civil wars. To paraphrase Admiral Ackbar, it's a conflict trap.
Views: 1390 William Spaniel
Why Ukraine is trapped in endless conflict
 
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The ceasefire is completely ignored. Correction: In a previous version, the Russian Empire at 2:31 did not include Finland and northern Kazakhstan and at 2:34 the map mistakenly depicted the Warsaw Pact members, not the Soviet Union. At 2:03 the Minsk II agreement refers to the separatist enclaves as "certain areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine" not the DPR and LPR. Sources: Russian Empire: https://www.loc.gov/item/2015591079/ Soviet Union: https://www.loc.gov/resource/g7001f.ct001572/ Watch Vox Atlas, videos about conflicts around the world and their origins: http://bit.ly/2FOW52x Subscribe to our channel! http://goo.gl/0bsAjO The present conflict in Ukraine started in 2014. Today, there are 100,000 fighters stationed in the country, making it one of the most heavily militarized regions in the world. In Ukraine's east, Ukrainian forces are engaged in a struggle with Russian-backed separatists. A ceasefire was called in 2015, with a security zone established that was meant to foster peace. However, today the security zone remains one of the most violent places in the Ukraine. With over 10,000 deaths to date, and over 1.5 million civilians displaced, the cost of ignoring the ceasefire continues to mount by the day. And both sides are still building up their forces. To truly understand the international conflicts and trends shaping our world you need a big-picture view. Video journalist Sam Ellis uses maps to tell these stories and chart their effects on foreign policy. Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com. Watch our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE Follow Vox on Facebook: http://goo.gl/U2g06o Or Twitter: http://goo.gl/XFrZ5H
Views: 1859669 Vox
Natural Resources: Plunder or Peace (part 3)
 
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January 12, 2010 - Billions of dollars from illegal logging in South East Asia and from the illicit sale of blood minerals in Africa fuel wars and adversely impact millions every year, as violent competition for strategic resources contributes to civil unrest in many parts of the world. Even though the mismanagement of natural resources lies at the heart of many of these conflicts, the sustainable and equitable use of petroleum, mineral and agricultural resources could help prevent conflict and promote lasting peace. The violence and consequent underdevelopment are facilitated by a complex political-economy that rewards a few and impoverishes the vast majority of the citizens in these countries. Reversing this trend will require sustained efforts to improve resource management and dismantle illicit political and commercial relationships. This event will examine the underpinnings of resource management in resource rich, conflict-prone states and explore options for strategies that could break the cycle of violence and lay the foundation for sustainable economic development. Paul Collier will use findings from his upcoming book "The Plundered Planet: Why We Must--and How We Can--Manage Nature for Global Prosperity" to analyze challenges facing these countries and outline strategies for domestic and international actors. Nancy Birdsall, president of the Center for Global Development, will respond to Collier's remarks and provide a practitioner's perspective based on examples from recent research. This event, hosted by USIP's Center for Sustainable Economies and Jennings Randolph Fellowship Program, builds on USIPs on-going efforts to analyze the conflict-development nexus and investigate innovative strategies for lasting peace and sustainable development in resource-rich developing countries. Speakers * Paul Collier, Director, Centre of African Economies, Oxford University * Nancy Birdsall, President, Center for Global Development * Raymond Gilpin, Moderator, Director, Center for Sustainable Economies, United States Institute of Peace
2012 Hagey Lecture: Dr. Paul Collier
 
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In the 2012 Hagey Lecture, Professor Paul Collier examines the steps that must be taken for African nations to sustainably capitalize on their natural resources. Thursday, November 22nd at 8:00pm, Humanities Theatre, Hagey Hall The natural resource discoveries that will come onstream in Africa over the next decade constitute a once-a-lifetime chance for the region to develop. But when parts of the region last had this chance, in the 1970s, it was mostly a missed opportunity and sometimes led to violent conflict. To harness resources for development requires that a chain of economic decisions go right, and this in turn rests on functional politics. Currently these vital political struggles are being played out within Africa between decent people and crooks. The international community can play its part by cracking down on the facilitators of corruption who currently thrive on the margins of our own professions. Dr. Paul Collier is a Professor of Economics and the Director for the Centre for the Study of African Economies at the University of Oxford, and he acted as the director of the Development Research Group of the World Bank from 1998-2003. Waterloo's premier invitational public lecture series since 1970, the Hagey Lectures are co-sponsored by the Faculty Association and the University of Waterloo.
Views: 1715 uwaterloo
The Resource Curse and Gender Inequality
 
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This is an introductory video about the phenomenon known as the resource curse and how this could be a stronger indicator of gender inequality in the middle east than Islamic traditions. References and further reading: Anker, R. 1997. Theories of occupational segregation by sex: An overview. Int'l Lab. Rev., 136 p. 315. Bannon, I. and Collier, P. 2003. Natural resources and conflict: What we can do. Natural resources and violent conflict: Options and actions, pp. 1--16. Broad, R. 1995. The Political Economy of Natural Resources: Cases of the Indonesian and Philippine Forest Sectors. Journal of Developing Areas, 29 (3), pp. 317-339. Corden, W. M. and Neary, J. P. 1982. Booming sector and de-industrialisation in a small open economy. The economic journal, pp. 825--848. Davis, G. A. and Tilton, J. E. 2005. The resource curse. 29 (3), pp. 233--242. Inglehart, R. and Norris, P. 2003. Rising tide. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Karl, T. L. 1997. The paradox of plenty. Berkeley: University of California Press. Lerner, D. 1958. The passing of traditional society: modernizing the Middle East. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press. Mitra, P. 1994. Adjustment in oil-importing developing countries. New York, N.Y.: Cambridge University Press. Ross, M. 2004. How Do Natural Resources Influence Civil War? Evidence From 13 Cases. International Organisation, 58 (1), pp. 35-68. Ross, M. L. 2001. Does oil hinder democracy?. World politics, 53 (3), pp. 325--361. Ross, M. L. 2008. Oil, Islam, and women. American Political Science Review, 102 (01), pp. 107--123. Rosser, A. 2006. The political economy of the resource curse. Brighton: University of Sussex. Institute of development studies (IDS). Stanford, J. 2012. A Cure for Dutch Disease: Active Sector Strategies for Canada's Economy. Torvik, R. 2002. Natural resources, rent seeking and welfare. Journal of development economics, 67 (2), pp. 455--470. Background Music Information: Song Name: One Day Album: Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End Label: Walt Disney Producer: Hans Zimmer No copyright infringement is intended
Views: 1676 Aonghus Carey
Congo, My Precious. The Curse of the coltan mines in Congo
 
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Watch more https://rtd.rt.com/tags/illegal-mining/ The Democratic Republic of Congo in Africa is one of the world’s most resource-rich countries. A wide range of rare minerals can be found here in abundance, all commanding high prices in world commodity markets. Diamonds for jewellery, tantalum, tungsten and gold for electronics; uranium used in power generation and weaponry and many others. Congo has copious deposits of raw materials that are in high demand internationally but remains one of the poorest countries in the world. From colonisation, with the horrors of slavery and other atrocities, to a turbulent and equally brutal present in which militant groups control the mines, Congo’s richness in natural resources has brought nothing but misery. Referred to as “conflict minerals”, these riches leave only a trail of death, destruction and poverty. Under Belgian rule, Congolese labourers were often required to meet quotas when mining different minerals. Failure could mean punishment by having a hand cut off with a machete. The country gained independence in 1960, but that didn’t put a stop to slave and child labour or to crimes being committed to extract and exploit the minerals. Warring militant fractions from inside the country and beyond seized control of mines for their own benefit while terrorising local populations. For our translator, Bernard Kalume Buleri, his country’s history of turmoil is very personal; like most Congolese people, he and his family fell victim to the unending mineral based power struggle. Born in the year of his country’s independence, he has lived through war and seen his homeland torn apart by violent looting and greed. His story is a damning testament, illustrating how nature’s bounty, instead of being a blessing, becomes a deadly curse. SUBSCRIBE TO RTD Channel to get documentaries firsthand! http://bit.ly/1MgFbVy FOLLOW US RTD WEBSITE: https://RTD.rt.com/ RTD ON TWITTER: http://twitter.com/RT_DOC RTD ON FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/RTDocumentary RTD ON DAILYMOTION http://www.dailymotion.com/rt_doc RTD ON INSTAGRAM https://www.instagram.com/rtd_documentary_channel/ RTD LIVE https://rtd.rt.com/on-air/
Views: 970128 RT Documentary
In a Nutshell: Engaging with people affected by conflict and violence
 
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Over the last decade, important progress has been made in setting up more systematic, predictable, and evidence-based two-way communication initiatives to better engage with, and be accountable to, people affected by natural disasters. However, the implications and opportunities around engaging with people in armed conflicts and other situations violence are not as well-known or documented. To contribute towards filling this gap, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI) published a joint discussion paper: "Engaging with people affected by armed conflicts and other situations of violence: Recommendations for humanitarian organizations and donors in the digital era". The report was published online on 28 March 2018: https://www.icrc.org/en/document/engaging-people-caught-conflict-icrc-hhi-launch-joint-discussion-paper Follow the conversation on Twitter by using the #CommIsAid
Sustainability and Conflict in the Developing World
 
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A CUSA Sustainability Seminar delivered by Renard Sexton on April 13, 2011. Renard Sexton is the Project Coordinator, Fundacion Futuro Latinoamericano (Quito, Ecuador) and is an International Affairs Columnist, FiveThirtyEight (New York Times). There is a growing body of academic, applied and journalistic research that points to a strong relationship between natural resources and conflict in the developing world. Whether attributed to a 'resource curse' in the case of high value, extractable natural resources, or 'scarcity and competition' over water, land, fisheries and other resources, it is clear that natural resources and the environment, because of their importance to human survival, are an important contributor to and victim of violent conflict. While there are many strategies for analyzing and transforming these sorts of conflicts in the short and medium term, such as negotiations and settlements over specific resources, external interventions that award control over resources, international boycotts of resources funding conflict, etc., sustainability and sustainable development have emerged as a potential key aspect of long term strategies. This talk will analyze, at a very practical level as well as in theory, where this has been and could be successful and where it will likely fall short.
Views: 88 UCI Open
Natural Resources: Plunder or Peace (part 2)
 
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January 12, 2010 - Billions of dollars from illegal logging in South East Asia and from the illicit sale of blood minerals in Africa fuel wars and adversely impact millions every year, as violent competition for strategic resources contributes to civil unrest in many parts of the world. Even though the mismanagement of natural resources lies at the heart of many of these conflicts, the sustainable and equitable use of petroleum, mineral and agricultural resources could help prevent conflict and promote lasting peace. The violence and consequent underdevelopment are facilitated by a complex political-economy that rewards a few and impoverishes the vast majority of the citizens in these countries. Reversing this trend will require sustained efforts to improve resource management and dismantle illicit political and commercial relationships. This event will examine the underpinnings of resource management in resource rich, conflict-prone states and explore options for strategies that could break the cycle of violence and lay the foundation for sustainable economic development. Paul Collier will use findings from his upcoming book "The Plundered Planet: Why We Must--and How We Can--Manage Nature for Global Prosperity" to analyze challenges facing these countries and outline strategies for domestic and international actors. Nancy Birdsall, president of the Center for Global Development, will respond to Collier's remarks and provide a practitioner's perspective based on examples from recent research. This event, hosted by USIP's Center for Sustainable Economies and Jennings Randolph Fellowship Program, builds on USIPs on-going efforts to analyze the conflict-development nexus and investigate innovative strategies for lasting peace and sustainable development in resource-rich developing countries. Speakers: * Paul Collier, Director, Centre of African Economies, Oxford University * Nancy Birdsall, President, Center for Global Development * Raymond Gilpin, Moderator, Director, Center for Sustainable Economies, United States Institute of Peace
Successful Negotiation in International Violent Conflict
 
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Jackson, R. (2000). Successful negotiation in international violent conflict. Journal of Peace Research, 37(3), 323-343. Law, Mediation, and Violence at The University of Akron
Views: 124 Garrett Scherba
Mali's climate security trap - how drought and heavy rains impact violence and migration
 
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Mali has been experiencing a series of recurring climate impacts that have severely impacted the country's agricultural sector - no less than the blood vein of Mali's economy and the livelihood basis of its mostly rural population. Scarcer resources have spiked a series of violent conflicts and strengthened armed rebel groups, leading to mass displacements and regional instability. In this video, experts look into how climate change influences Mali's security situation and suggest an approach directed towards conflict prevention and natural resource management. The Climate Diplomacy initiative is a collaborative effort of the German Federal Foreign Office in partnership with adelphi (http://www.climate-diplomacy.org). Subscribe to the newsletter here: http://bit.ly/subscribeECC Follow Climate Diplomacy on Twitter: https://twitter.com/ClimateDiplo "Voice over: To create peace in Mali, it is necessary to look at the role of climate change in conflict, and to identify new routes out of poverty and violence. In Central and Northern Mali, devastating droughts and unpredictable rains wiped out agricultural livelihoods. They have affected traditional herders, farmers and pastoralists, and led to conflicts over scarce resources. Armed rebel groups were then able to thrive on the grievances. Shreya Mitra: Local natural resource conflicts in Mali have spill-over effects to other sectors and to other regions. They are not geographically contained. Because, as we know, conflict breeds other conflicts and with the pressures of climate change and population growth, the ability for these conflicts to expand out and become wider than where they are contained is much larger and it is much higher. And so firstly, we do need to invest in conflict prevention because disputes over natural resources are ubiquitous in any country whose economy depends so heavily on them. In Mali for example, 80% of livelihoods depend on the use of land and water and so to ignore areas where pressures on natural resources are latent but where they are increasing really runs the risk of not treating the conflicts and nipping them in the bud when we can actually do something about it. Voice over: Though peace negotiations were concluded in 2015, the security situation in Mali remains volatile, preventing the return of many internally displaced people and refugees who fled to neighbouring countries. Aliou Dia: Climate security is a big issue in Mali, and I think if we want to address today, the security situation in Northern Mali, if we want to get Mali out of the whole trap of insecurity - not only Mali, but the entire Sahel region – we absolutely and definitely need to address the root causes of that insecurity situation. It is obvious, it is clear that the key, the most important key drivers of the security situation in the Sahel and in Mali are related to climate, related to drought, related to competition over natural resources: water and land. So if the international community wants to help Mali out of that trap, there is a need to look into the climate angle. Voice over: Climate variability and desertification play into the hands of armed groups and make peace harder to attain. Integrating natural resource management into national security strategies and migration policies, and to address environmental pressures that impact agriculture and food security are vital steps towards security, stability and sustainability." The production of this video is supported by the German Federal Foreign Office and the Planetary Security Initiative. We also thank the Clingendael team for their help and cooperation. Directed by: Stella Schaller (adelphi). Produced by: Paul Müller-Hahl (Lichtbilder)
Views: 398 adelphi, Berlin
Everyday violence in new resource frontier
 
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As a region rich in natural resources Indonesian Kalimantan is undergoing a massive transformation and its resources are exploited more rapidly than ever. The capitalist penetrations have led to the creation of incredibly large mono-cropping plantations (such as rubber and palm oil), and in an amazing pace. Mining, logging and carbon storage in the area has also rapidly intensified. Looking at the present condition of Kalimantan, it can be concluded that it has quickly been developed into a large ‘new frontier’ region, with all the related characteristics that apply for the definition of new frontiers, including violence. Studies that have been conducted in so-called frontier areas are often focusing on the relation between natural resource (nature and quantity) and the emergence of violence and conflict. Consequently, often these studies limit their scope to the conflict and violence that arises in a large-scale, such as civil war or communal or ethnic violence. This tendency not only put other forms of violence in the shadow but also makes our understanding of violence in frontier regions incomplete. The fact is, that violence in frontier areas not always appears in a large-scale. Rather, it might also emerge in smaller forms, in the everyday life of the community or it also manifests itself in an invisible form, in a sense that it routinely appears and as such is no longer considered as violence any longer, at least by the community members. An example of this kind of violence is vigilante-lynching and brawl. The present study is specifically focusing on the role of everyday violence in the competition over natural resources in frontier areas and the extent to which these forms of violence are of influence on the way that conflicts over natural resources turn into violent situations.
Environcare Show: Resources-Based Conflicts In Africa
 
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Environcare Show: Resources-Based Conflicts In Africa
Views: 62 Nick Wright
Introducing the IISS Armed Conflict Survey 2018
 
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The IISS Armed Conflict Survey provides in-depth analysis of the political, military and humanitarian dimensions of all major armed conflicts, as well as data on fatalities, refugees and internally displaced persons. To mark the launch of the 2018 edition, IISS experts examine the latest conflict questions and trends.
Conflict - Look Closer
 
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'Conflict – look closer' calls for a commitment to investing in peacebuilding alternatives to prevent and resolve violent conflict. Conflicts in Ukraine, Iraq, Syria and the Middle East may claim the media headlines today but beyond the media spotlight, millions live every day with violent and intractable conflicts and their consequences.
Views: 10265 Conciliation Resources
Water, Conflict, and Peacebuilding in Development: Lessons for Practitioners (Toolkit Launch)
 
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Join us for the launch of USAID's Water and Conflict Toolkit for Programming, a document designed to help development practitioners gain a deeper understanding of the forces driving violence and instability related to water. Written by USAID's Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation, the Wilson Center, and Group W Inc., the toolkit provides guidance to development professionals not familiar with water and conflict dynamics, with the aim of developing more strategic and focused interventions. To discuss how the toolkit resonates with their experiences is a bevy of water experts: Gidon Bromberg, 2008 TIME Magazine Environmental Hero and two-time recipient of the Skoll Award for Social Entrepreneurship; Geoffrey Dabelko, Director of the Voinovich School's Environmental Studies Program at Ohio University and Senior Advisor to ECSP; Chris Kosnik, director of USAID's Office of Water and a long-time development practitioner; Sandra Ruckstuhl, co-author of the toolkit and development and conflict expert; and Aaron Wolf, a renowned expert on transboundary water resources and political conflict and cooperation. Panelists will discuss what needs further investigation to inform this kind of programmatic strategy, the challenges in this field of study, and how the toolkit addresses those shortfalls.
Views: 1577 WoodrowWilsonCenter
The Resource Crisis Fuelling Conflict in Papua New Guinea (2010)
 
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Resource Rage (2010): Tensions are coming to a head in Papua New Guinea over the government's new plan to sell of the country's natural gas. For similar stories, see: The Crude Destruction Of Life In Alaska https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Wu_JdxLTI8 Vigilante Businessmen Have Taken to the Streets of Papua New Guinea to Fight Crime https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-0toNFym96c Women Are Leading the Charge Against Papua New Guinea's High Infant Mortality https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vjAwqQp7zcs Subscribe to journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures For downloads and more information visit: http://www.journeyman.tv/film/4828 Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures The Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea has made a $16bn deal to extract the country's natural gas. His people have responded with violent protests, which could plunge the troubled nation back into chaos. "It's just like raping a woman. They're going to rape our resources." The landowners living along the length of the proposed pipeline have been promised huge benefits from the plan to extract gas from the Southern Highlands and export it to Asia. But they don't believe it and are up in arms: in scenes of chaos fuelled by a legacy of watching promised riches pass them by, they cut down power-lines, wielding guns and blocking roads: "You never listen - I'll chop you people". Ironically, most of the people living in the resource-rich Southern Highlands live without power, without hospitals and without education. The MD of Australian ‘Oil-Search’- which has a 29% stake in the project - agreed that the money the government has received in the past has not been seen in resource areas”. Project Operator Exxon Mobil refused to comment. But with four dead, the former commander of the PNG Defence Force has confessed to fears that, "we are setting the stage for another Bougainville crisis in the Southern Highlands". SBS Australia – Ref. 4828 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
Views: 3550 Journeyman Pictures
Natural Resources and Security - Dr. Raymond Gilpin
 
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Due to conflicts, African countries have lost billions of dollars—both in potential foreign direct investments and opportunity costs—which has kept populations in dire poverty, paving the ground for perpetual unrest, according to the Africa Center's Dean, Dr. Raymond Gilpin, who urged rising security sector leaders to set the conditions for economic development. Peace and security are critical to spur economic growth in African countries, and security-sector leaders should take the lead to help provide a safe environment for business in their countries, said Dr. Gilpin, Dean of the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS). He spoke at the three-week Next Generation of African Security Sector leaders (Next Gen) Program outside of Washington, D.C., which included 60 participants from 40 African nations. "When there is instability, foreign investment dries and cost of doing business in the country goes up," Dr. Gilpin said in his October 28, 2013, presentation. "For a country to really take full advantage of its natural resources, it needs a security environment that is conducive to both business and citizens' safety, something that can only be provided by a credible security sector."
Land Tenure and Property Policies in East Africa
 
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Project on Leadership and Building State Capacity Africa Program Environmental Change and Security Program "Insecure land tenure and property rights and the inequitable access to land and natural assets are two of the leading triggers of violent conflict, population displacement, the over-exploitation of natural resources, and political instability throughout eastern Africa," asserted Peter Hetz of ARD, Inc. at "Land Tenure and Property Policies in East Africa," an event co-sponsored by the Environmental Change and Security Program and the Africa Program on April 23, 2008. Hetz and USAID's Gregory Myers explored how imprecise or inequitable systems of land tenure and property rights have helped precipitate conflict in Northern Uganda, Kenya, and Southern Sudan, and warned that lack of attention to these crucial issues will foster further violence in those volatile countries. For example, Myers called the Kenyan government's push to quickly resettle people displaced by the recent violence without addressing the causes "a recipe for disaster." Event speakers: Peter Hetz, Gregory Myers
Views: 1422 WoodrowWilsonCenter
Public Panel - Conflicts over Water, Land and Food: Prevention and Responses
 
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Water and land are key natural resources that shape billions of peoples’ livelihoods, food security, wellbeing and identity. The equitable and peaceful management of water and land is an increasingly challenging task due to a multitude of factors such as resource degradation, climate change, population growth and violent conflict that can exacerbate vulnerabilities. Multi-faceted policies and practices that combine approaches from development, peacebuilding and human rights in a complementary and mutually reinforcing way present potential for preventing both structural and direct violence. This event will discuss the potential of land, food and water as instruments of peace in preventing conflicts and building peace in emergency situations. 18:00-19:30 World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Avenue de la Paix 7bis, Geneva. 2nd floor, De Mello Room Auditorium.
Views: 70 Geneva Water Hub
Resource Management and Conflict - Willene Johnson
 
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Dr. Willene Johnson, former US Executive Director at the African Development Bank, addresses the topic of Resource Management and Conflict before an interagency audience at a workshop on Africa's Contemporary Security Challenges hosted by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies.
Scarcity of water among causes of conflict in parts of Rift Valley
 
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The United Nations describes Kenya as a water scarce country, due to its low water replenishment rates. Scarcity of resources such as water has also led to violent conflict in parts of the Rift Valley. The Rift Valley Water Services Board aims to ensure 80 percent of the 7 counties it covers, receive clean water as one way of promoting peace. NTV'S Brygettes Ngana spoke to the Water Board's CEO Hosea Wendot, who outlined the plans.
Views: 382 NTV Kenya
South Sudan may be heading towards genocide
 
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The nightmare civil war in South Sudan, explained Subscribe to our channel! http://goo.gl/0bsAjO Widespread ethnic cleansing, burning villages, looming starvation, and gang rape “so prevalent that it’s become ‘normal.’” This is what UN experts found when they took a 10-day trip to the African country of South Sudan in late November. Now they’re sounding the alarm, warning that South Sudan, the world’s newest country, is “on the brink of catastrophe” that could rival the horrors of the 1994 Rwandan genocide. In that conflict, some 800,000 people were slaughtered in the span of just 100 days while the international community watched, unable or unwilling to stop the bloodshed. Former President Bill Clinton has called his decision not to intervene one of the biggest regrets of his presidency. Read more: http://www.vox.com/world/2016/12/8/13817072/south-sudan-crisis-ethnic-cleansing-genocide-rwanda Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com to get up to speed on everything from Kurdistan to the Kim Kardashian app. Check out our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE Follow Vox on Twitter: http://goo.gl/XFrZ5H Or on Facebook: http://goo.gl/U2g06o
Views: 1109634 Vox
Violence and Conflict Trends in Africa – Jon Clifton
 
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Jon Clifton, Managing Director at Gallup Global Analytics outlines major trends around the globe and in Africa. He highlights the connection between happiness rankings and security and how this information can be viewed as important intelligence for political and security sector leaders. Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=Africacenterorg Follow the Africa Center: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/AfricaCenter/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/AfricaACSS
Environmental Protection, Security and Armed Conflict
 
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BOOK REVIEW ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, SECURITY AND ARMED CONFLICT A Sustainable Development Perspective By Onita Das Edward Elgar Publishing Limited ISBN: 978 1 78100 467 8 www.e-elgar.com TOWARD DEVELOPING A LEGAL ANALYSIS OF WAR AND THE ENVIRONMENT An appreciation by Phillip Taylor MBE and Elizabeth Taylor of Richmond Green Chambers This thoughtful, analytical and scholarly monograph encapsulates and examines the ramifications of the vast amount of research carried out by Onita Das on the dual considerations of sustainability and armed conflict. The appearance of this book published by Edward Elgar in 2012 reflects a growing awareness worldwide that environmental damage and armed conflict are inextricably linked. As Professor Duncan French mentions in the Foreword, environmental harm is increasingly recognized as both a consequence and a cause of military conflicts; the most commonplace example being resource scarcity. You could extrapolate from this argument of course, that resource scarcity is a more potent cause of human conflict than, for example, ideological or religious differences between communities. Whether you are comfortable with this view or not, this book, the result of massive and painstaking research, offers ample evidence which supports the author's basic thesis that environmental security must be actively sustained as a bulwark, so to speak, against the continuation and escalation of human conflict worldwide. 'Environmental pressures,' explains Das, 'can, in some circumstances cause violent of armed conflict and such conflict can in turn, cause devastating damage and destruction to the environment.' This 'vicious circle,' she adds, creates a number of consequences not the least of which is the pressure and the damage that can 'often extend beyond the territories of conflict-affected states, threatening the lives and livelihoods of people across communities and borders'. The aspect of war and armed conflict in environmental studies, as Das points out, 'has not received the attention it deserves,' a matter which this book seeks to address -- and does so quite convincingly in our view, citing a number of illuminating case studies along the way. Because of its subject matter, the recent appearance of this book is certainly timely and worthy of close scrutiny, especially by those involved professionally in this complex area; academics and postgraduate students obviously, as well as policy-makers and yes, environmental lawyers. Environmental researchers especially, will appreciate the book's extensive footnoting and the literally hundreds of references for further reading contained therein. The book also provides a listing of relevant abbreviations, tables of cases and legislation and an index at the back which aids navigation and ease of use. As the subtitle indicates, this book certainly provides a research-based and thought- provoking perspective on sustainable development in a truly international context.
Views: 148 Phillip Taylor
Conflict and Cooperation in Eastern Africa
 
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Conflict is often linked to the scarcity and abundance of natural resources throughout Africa—drought exacerbates Ethiopia and Kenya's civil conflicts, forest resources propped up Liberia's Charles Taylor, and minerals helped finance rebel armies in West and Central Africa. But there is another, less well-known side to these connections: rather than only leading to conflict, shared environmental resources also offer promising pathways to peace. Patricia Kameri-Mbote, former Open Society Institute Africa Policy Scholar at the Wilson Center and chair of the Department of Private Law at the University of Nairobi, addressed the potential for environmental peacemaking in Eastern Africa at an event co-sponsored by the Environmental Change and Security Program and the Africa Program on April 27, 2006.
Views: 216 WoodrowWilsonCenter