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Conflict as a natural resource | Charles Irvine | TEDxLondonBusinessSchool
 
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Backed by his unique experiences, Charles gives a fascinating perspective into conflict and the power of good that can emerge from the unexpected. During his time as a peace monitor in South Africa at the height of Apartheid, Charles Irvine developed a belief that conflict has the potential to be our greatest natural resource. Since relocating to the UK in 1996 to build “Questions of Difference”, a niche consultancy, he has gone on to inspire more than 40,000 people as a strategic business consultant in over 30 countries. He is driven by his passion for creating environments where groups of people do extraordinary things. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx
Views: 7627 TEDx Talks
Annan warns about impact of conflicts on natural resources
 
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The Chair of the Africa Progress Panel (APP) has urged the United Nations (UN) Security Council to play an important role in ending the plunder of minerals and other natural resources that perpetuate violent conflict, particularly in Africa...http://owl.li/mcUFp
Views: 251 SABC Digital News
Does Natural Resource Scarcity Always Equal Conflict?
 
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Must competition for resources, particularly in areas most affected by climate change, result in conflict? Or can education prevent conflict and lead to better solutions? In this episode of NOW, Roger-Mark De Souza, Director of Population, Environmental Security, and Resilience with the Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program tackles these tough questions and provides a preview of a major event planned for World Population Day 2014. Guest Roger-Mark De Souza is the director of population, environmental security, and resilience for the Wilson Center. He leads programs on climate change resilience, reproductive and maternal health, environmental security, and livelihoods, including the Global Sustainability and Resilience Program, Environmental Change and Security Program, and Maternal Health Initiative. Before joining the Center in 2013, De Souza served as vice president of research and director of the climate program at Population Action International, where he provided strategic guidance, technical oversight, and management of programs on population, gender, climate change, environment, and reproductive health. From 2007 to 2010, as the director of foundation and corporate relations at the Sierra Club, he led a multi-million dollar foundation and corporate fundraising program. Prior to working at the Sierra Club, he directed the Population, Health, and Environment Program at the Population Reference Bureau for 10 years, where he designed and implemented research, communications, and capacity-building projects in the United States, Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean.
Views: 1571 WoodrowWilsonCenter
Annan warns about impact of conflicts on natural resources
 
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Kofi Annan, Chair of the Africa Progress Panel, has urged the United Nations Security Council to play an important role in ending the plunder of minerals and other natural resources that perpetuate violent conflict, particularly in Africa. Original source: http://owl.li/mcUFp Read Mr Annan's speech: http://bit.ly/15mMAh1
Blood Diamonds and Religious War In The Central African Republic
 
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The Central African Republic is one of the poorest countries in the world, but it is also rich in natural resources. One of the official mining sectors has collapsed amid the country’s ongoing conflict, and now both sides are benefitting from the illicit trade of gold and diamonds. Clashes over control of the many mines have also created religious tension in places where there previously had been none. VICE News traveled to mines located in the heart of the Central African Republic to see how the battle over natural resources is playing out in one of the world’s most violent conflicts. Watch "The Human Cost of War in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/15xC4L2 Watch "War in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/1Ao5Qdx Read "UN Peacekeeper Released Hours After Being Kidnapped in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/1Enj8O7 Read "Violence Escalates in Central African Republic as Thousands of Muslims Remain Trapped in the Country" - http://bit.ly/1yrNFpl Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 893174 VICE News
Session 1 - Water, Food, and Conflict: How Resource Scarcity Influences Collective Violence
 
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by Dr Alison Heslin, Visiting Assistant Professor, New York University Abstract This study addresses the intersection of resource scarcity and collective violence. With increasing demands on natural resources due to climate change, industrial development, and population growth, understanding how scarce or inaccessible resources, such as water or food, relate to conflict is critical for security and stability throughout the world. In this paper, I address this intersection by first discussing the existing body of quantitative studies on conflict and resources. These studies find that rainfall, agricultural productivity, and access to water resources can affect levels of conflict in a country. In addition to direct effects, these factors also contribute to conflict by increasing poverty and inequality. My study adds to this literature by utilizing qualitative data to reveal the processes by which resource scarcity leads to violence.
Conflict natural resources and food security
 
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I Afrika skulle jordbruket kunna producera mycket mer mat om bara jordbruksmetoderna förbättrades. EU har därför utvecklat samarbeten med de afrikanska länderna för att öka matsäkerheten och tillväxten. Francesco Rampa, chef för EU:s matsäkerhetsprogram, berättade om arbetet under en föreläsning i Stockholm.
Views: 48 fufplay
The World Bank Group: Tackling Fragility, Conflict and Violence
 
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Addressing the global challenge of fragility, conflict and violence is key to ending poverty and promoting shared prosperity. Fragility affects countries at all income levels, and risks such as climate change and natural disasters can further destabilize communities. To tackle this complex landscape, the WBG is taking a broader approach to fragility by focusing on prevention, and engaging during active conflict, transition and recovery. Humanitarian-development-peace partnerships are critical to success. Know more: Fragility, Conflict and Violence at the World Bank http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/fragilityconflictviolence State and Peacebuilding Fund http://www.worldbank.org/en/programs/state-and-peace-building-fund The Humanitarian-Development-Peace Initiative http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/fragilityconflictviolence/brief/the-humanitarian-development-peace-initiative *** TRANSCRIPT Fragility used to be seen as a low-income problem. Today, we know that it affects countries at all income levels. Climate change, natural disasters and other risks combine to cause more instability. The ongoing famine is a tragic example. The World Bank Group is responding, because extreme poverty is linked. By 2030, 60% of the global poor will live in conflict-affected areas. To tackle fragility, humanitarian-development partnerships are critical. Filippo Grandi, Secretary General, UNHCR: The World Bank brings extraordinary analytical capacity and the longer-term outlook that allows for proper investments in areas, like education, and livelihoods, and, also, support to communities hosting large numbers of refugees and displaced. The Bank is focusing on preventing violent conflict. During conflict, the Bank will remain engaged, and help countries through transition and recovery. In Yemen, the Bank is working with UN partners to keep up critical services like vaccinations for children. Creating jobs is helping communities. Ali Shoqi Qasem Al-Shami, Shopkeeper, Al-Amsha Market, Al-Shaghadera, Yemen: I sell food, commodities spices, etc. The road before was like a swamp. Then when the organization came, the road was paved. Now it is a clean road. In the Central African Republic, Bank support for the country’s transition has had transformational impact. Faustin Archange Touadéra, President of the Central African Republic: Thanks to considerable investment undertaken by the international community, friendly countries and other institutions, in addition to the World Bank, we are emerging [from the crisis]. Gender-based violence is an important focus of prevention. Empowering women economically helps build peace. The Global Crisis Response Platform is strengthening the Bank’s response for both low- and middle-income countries. Sonia Khouri, Director of RACE program, Lebanon Ministry of Education: “We still have many out-of-school children who we will be trying to reach. We need to provide them access to schools and to a high-quality education.” Arwa Aboud, Syrian Student, Lebanon: My name is Arwa Khaled Al Aboud, I am 11 years old. I’m from Syria, the province of Hama. I have been in Lebanon for 4.5 years, and in school for 3 years. This is the frontier of development. The Bank and the global community can make a real difference, to build a more stable world with opportunities for all. Their futures depend on it.
Views: 2752 World Bank
Natural Resources & Insecurity in Africa - Franklin C. Moore
 
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A career member of the Senior Executive Service, Franklin C. Moore is the Deputy Assistant Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development’s Bureau for Africa, which provided $6.4 billion in assistance to 49 African countries in 2011. Mr. Moore also served in this position from January 2008 to July 2010. Prior to this appointment, Mr. Moore served in Rome as USAID’s Senior Development Counselor and Senior Advisor to the U.S. Ambassador to Rome-based UN organizations from July 2010 to December 2012. Mr. Moore was Director of the Office of Environment and Science Policy within the Agency's Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture and Trade in 2002-08, and he served as the Acting Deputy Assistant Administrator and Director for the Agency's Global Center for the Environment. Prior to joining USAID in 1998, Mr. Moore held positions in the areas of agriculture, environment and national resource management with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, with Africare resident in Zimbabwe; with Peace Corps and as a Lecturer at Virginia State (College) University and the University of Science and Technology in Kumasi, Ghana. Mr. Moore has a bachelor’s degree in Economics with a minor in Art History from Yale University. He received a master’s degree in Agricultural Economics, as well as a certificate in African Studies from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Mr. Moore studied for a Ph.D. in Development Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (Agriculture/Natural Resource Economics, Political Science and Rural Sociology). Mr. Moore has lived and worked in both West and Southern Africa; he has worked in approximately 40 countries overseas.
The Resource Crisis Fuelling Conflict in Papua New Guinea (2010)
 
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Resource Rage (2010): Tensions are coming to a head in Papua New Guinea over the government's new plan to sell of the country's natural gas. For similar stories, see: The Crude Destruction Of Life In Alaska https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Wu_JdxLTI8 Vigilante Businessmen Have Taken to the Streets of Papua New Guinea to Fight Crime https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-0toNFym96c Women Are Leading the Charge Against Papua New Guinea's High Infant Mortality https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vjAwqQp7zcs Subscribe to journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures For downloads and more information visit: http://www.journeyman.tv/film/4828 Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures The Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea has made a $16bn deal to extract the country's natural gas. His people have responded with violent protests, which could plunge the troubled nation back into chaos. "It's just like raping a woman. They're going to rape our resources." The landowners living along the length of the proposed pipeline have been promised huge benefits from the plan to extract gas from the Southern Highlands and export it to Asia. But they don't believe it and are up in arms: in scenes of chaos fuelled by a legacy of watching promised riches pass them by, they cut down power-lines, wielding guns and blocking roads: "You never listen - I'll chop you people". Ironically, most of the people living in the resource-rich Southern Highlands live without power, without hospitals and without education. The MD of Australian ‘Oil-Search’- which has a 29% stake in the project - agreed that the money the government has received in the past has not been seen in resource areas”. Project Operator Exxon Mobil refused to comment. But with four dead, the former commander of the PNG Defence Force has confessed to fears that, "we are setting the stage for another Bougainville crisis in the Southern Highlands". SBS Australia – Ref. 4828 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
Views: 3931 Journeyman Pictures
Natural Resources and Security - Dr. Raymond Gilpin
 
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Due to conflicts, African countries have lost billions of dollars—both in potential foreign direct investments and opportunity costs—which has kept populations in dire poverty, paving the ground for perpetual unrest, according to the Africa Center's Dean, Dr. Raymond Gilpin, who urged rising security sector leaders to set the conditions for economic development. Peace and security are critical to spur economic growth in African countries, and security-sector leaders should take the lead to help provide a safe environment for business in their countries, said Dr. Gilpin, Dean of the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS). He spoke at the three-week Next Generation of African Security Sector leaders (Next Gen) Program outside of Washington, D.C., which included 60 participants from 40 African nations. "When there is instability, foreign investment dries and cost of doing business in the country goes up," Dr. Gilpin said in his October 28, 2013, presentation. "For a country to really take full advantage of its natural resources, it needs a security environment that is conducive to both business and citizens' safety, something that can only be provided by a credible security sector."
Managing natural resources to avoid conflicts
 
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http://www.ktnkenya.tv Kenya's new constitution is expected to help the country stay above conflicts that might arise with oil discoveries. This is based on clear provisions on allocation of resources according to speakers at the ongoing 16th annual international conference for the institute of certified public secretaries of kenya (icpsk) taking place in kwale county.
Views: 261 KTN News Kenya
Key Drivers of Violent Conflict in Africa: Myths and Reality, Dr. Paul Williams
 
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Speaking at the start of a four-day seminar titled, “Africa’s Contemporary Security Challenges” hosted by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS), Dr. Paul Williams, an Associate Professor of International Affairs and Director of the Security Policy Studies Program at George Washington University delivered a far-reaching overview of key drivers of violent conflict in Africa. The September 22 address was part of a seminar series offered by ACSS for U.S. government inter-agency officials engaged on Africa issues. Drawing on empirical data from various sources including the World Bank’s Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED) and the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) Dr. Williams recognized that there has been a dramatic reduction of armed conflict on the African continent in the past decade. “Empirical evidence suggests that there are fewer incidents of armed conflict, mainly concentrated along a geographical belt extending from West Africa and across the Sahel to the Horn of Africa,” he explained. “Southern Africa,” he said, “has now become the most peaceful region on the continent, which was not the case two decades ago.” The evident progress notwithstanding, violent conflicts continue to characterize the African security environment and undermine governance and institution building in the security sector. Dr. Williams discussed what he termed the “myths” and “realities” of African conflicts. - See more at: http://africacenter.org/2014/09/assessing-drivers-of-violent-conflict-in-africa/#sthash.mhBU9LjA.dpuf
Successful Negotiation in International Violent Conflict
 
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Jackson, R. (2000). Successful negotiation in international violent conflict. Journal of Peace Research, 37(3), 323-343. Law, Mediation, and Violence at The University of Akron
Views: 135 Garrett Scherba
The Power of Local Natural Resource Governance in Conflict Contexts part 1
 
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Environmental Change and Security Program "Top-down government programs and top-down government policies and actions like protected areas" are not the only solutions to effective natural resource management (NRM), said Florida International University's David Bray, but "neither is community-based conservation...There are no panaceas. There's no universal remedy." Bray presented an overview of the links between NRM and conflict at a February 28, 2008, event sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP) that examined how local NRM efforts can strengthen local governance and help prevent violent conflict from erupting. The event was the second in ECSP's "New Horizons at the Nexus of Conflict, Natural Resources, and Health" meeting series, which is funded jointly by USAID's Office of Natural Resources Management, its Office of Population and Reproductive Health, and its Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation, with technical support from USAID's Asia and Near East and Africa bureaus. Panelists: Kent Glenzer, David Bray, Maksha Maharjan, Masego Madzwamuse
Views: 478 WoodrowWilsonCenter
Gold Mining and People's Dreams After Civil Wars in Liberia - Journey to Dreams Documentary
 
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Liberia is one of the poorest countries in the world. It's economy mostly depends on foreign aids, directly on foreign investments and on exportation of natural resources such as iron ore, gold, rubber and timber. During the civil wars took place between 1989 and 2003 in Liberia, more than 250,000 people were killed. Actually I'm not talking about a very distant past. All these ended just 15 years ago. When the economy totally collapsed during the civil war, Liberia became the trade center for blood diamond extracted in Sierra Leone. Weapons used in the war were mostly financed in this way. In the forests of Liberia, tens of thousands of people are doing artisanal mining under very hard conditions. This is their only livelihood. Actually they just save the day at the risk of their lives. What connects them to life is their dreams.
Views: 21730 Hasan Soylemez
The Battle Raging In Nigeria Over Control Of Oil | VICE on HBO
 
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Nigeria may sit atop one of the largest oil reserves in the world, but the majority of the Nigerian people have seen little benefit from the multibillion-dollar industry. The government and global energy companies have been exploiting the resource for years, bringing poverty, pollution, and violence to the Niger Delta. And now the local militias fighting for oil control have made conditions even worse. Caught in the conflict are Nigerian citizens involved in the illegal oil market simply for survival. Oil theft is rampant, and the booming black market has transnational oil and gas consultants concerned about the effects on global oil markets. The government isn't too happy about it either. “All the oil that is sold around here, the government calls illegally refined products,” local oil businessman Don Wizaro told VICE News. And when the Nigerian military raids illegal oil operations, they slash containers, releasing oil into waterways, contaminating what the main source of fishing, agriculture, and drinking water. As the government continues its assault on illegal refineries and barges carrying stolen oil, local militias are retaliating. And one of the most notorious militias is the Niger Delta Avengers. They attack pipelines and infrastructure, significantly affecting both the environment and the economy. VICE correspondent Gianna Toboni heads to the heart of Nigeria's oil production to witness firsthand the fight over the control of oil in the Niger Delta. Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideo #VICEonHBO
Views: 1849219 VICE News
Report Launch, “Natural Resource Revenue Sharing”
 
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The Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) are pleased to launch the report “Natural Resource Revenue Sharing”. The report gives an overview of resource revenue sharing mechanisms around the world and provides advice to policymakers establishing or reforming their systems. We invite you to attend a short presentation of the key findings, followed by an informal roundtable discussion. The discussion will focus on whether these systems can help address the ‘resource curse’ and what the international community can do to improve their performance. In nearly every country, subnational governments receive public funds, either through direct tax collection or through intergovernmental transfers. However, in more than 30 countries, such as Bolivia, Indonesia, Nigeria and Papua New Guinea, distribution of non-renewable natural resource revenues to subnational authorities is governed by a set of rules that are distinct from the rules governing distribution of non-resource revenues. While these systems can promote economic development and help mitigate or even prevent violent conflict in resource-rich regions, they can also generate perverse incentives for transforming natural resource wealth into wellbeing. They can exacerbate boom-bust cycles and regional inequalities. Worse, depending on how they are designed and implemented, they can intensify violent conflict rather than alleviating it. The central question that will be discussed is: What policies are more or less likely to improve the quality of public spending, compensate regions negatively affected by extractive activities, address local claims in resource-rich regions, and help mitigate conflict? We will focus on emerging or evolving systems in conflict states, including the DRC, Iraq, Libya and Myanmar. Breakfast will be served from 9 AM. About the presenters: Andrew Bauer is Senior Economic Analyst at NRGI. He focuses on economic technical assistance and research to improve natural resource revenue management. His work includes advising governments, parliaments and civil society on macroeconomic management, public finance, and governance and accountability mechanisms in the extractives. Sofi Halling is a Policy Analyst in UNDP. She is currently working in UNDPs Oslo Governance Centre, with a special focus on developing applicable research and policy advice on Governance of Extractive Industries in regions / countries emerging out of conflict.
Everyday violence in new resource frontier
 
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As a region rich in natural resources Indonesian Kalimantan is undergoing a massive transformation and its resources are exploited more rapidly than ever. The capitalist penetrations have led to the creation of incredibly large mono-cropping plantations (such as rubber and palm oil), and in an amazing pace. Mining, logging and carbon storage in the area has also rapidly intensified. Looking at the present condition of Kalimantan, it can be concluded that it has quickly been developed into a large ‘new frontier’ region, with all the related characteristics that apply for the definition of new frontiers, including violence. Studies that have been conducted in so-called frontier areas are often focusing on the relation between natural resource (nature and quantity) and the emergence of violence and conflict. Consequently, often these studies limit their scope to the conflict and violence that arises in a large-scale, such as civil war or communal or ethnic violence. This tendency not only put other forms of violence in the shadow but also makes our understanding of violence in frontier regions incomplete. The fact is, that violence in frontier areas not always appears in a large-scale. Rather, it might also emerge in smaller forms, in the everyday life of the community or it also manifests itself in an invisible form, in a sense that it routinely appears and as such is no longer considered as violence any longer, at least by the community members. An example of this kind of violence is vigilante-lynching and brawl. The present study is specifically focusing on the role of everyday violence in the competition over natural resources in frontier areas and the extent to which these forms of violence are of influence on the way that conflicts over natural resources turn into violent situations.
TEDxOrangeCoast - Richard Matthew - Natural Resources for Peacebuilding
 
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Mankind has created borders that evolved through time. Richard Matthew explores how are borders really frontiers inviting exploration and innovation. Richard Matthew, Ph.D., is a professor at the University of California Irvine and the founding director of the Center for Unconventional Security Affairs (www.cusa.uci.edu). He spends much of his time in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, studying how environmental stress contributes to violent conflict and other types of crisis. For several years he has worked closely with the United Nations to integrate natural resource management and climate change adaptation into peace-building efforts, participating in various field assessments and directing one in Sierra Leone. He teaches courses on sustainability and social enterprise. About TEDx. TEDx was created in the spirit of TED's mission, "ideas worth spreading." The program is designed to give communities, organizations and individuals the opportunity to stimulate dialogue through TED-like experiences at the local level. At TEDx events, a screening of TEDTalks videos -- or a combination of live presenters and TEDTalks videos -- sparks deep conversation and connections. TEDx events are fully planned and coordinated independently, on a community-by-community basis.
Views: 7056 TEDx Talks
The Power of Local Natural Resource Governance in Conflict Contexts part 2
 
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Environmental Change and Security Program "Top-down government programs and top-down government policies and actions like protected areas" are not the only solutions to effective natural resource management (NRM), said Florida International University's David Bray, but "neither is community-based conservation...There are no panaceas. There's no universal remedy." Bray presented an overview of the links between NRM and conflict at a February 28, 2008, event sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP) that examined how local NRM efforts can strengthen local governance and help prevent violent conflict from erupting. The event was the second in ECSP's "New Horizons at the Nexus of Conflict, Natural Resources, and Health" meeting series, which is funded jointly by USAID's Office of Natural Resources Management, its Office of Population and Reproductive Health, and its Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation, with technical support from USAID's Asia and Near East and Africa bureaus. Panelists: Kent Glenzer, David Bray, Maksha Maharjan, Masego Madzwamuse
Views: 311 WoodrowWilsonCenter
In a Nutshell: Engaging with people affected by conflict and violence
 
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Over the last decade, important progress has been made in setting up more systematic, predictable, and evidence-based two-way communication initiatives to better engage with, and be accountable to, people affected by natural disasters. However, the implications and opportunities around engaging with people in armed conflicts and other situations violence are not as well-known or documented. To contribute towards filling this gap, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI) published a joint discussion paper: "Engaging with people affected by armed conflicts and other situations of violence: Recommendations for humanitarian organizations and donors in the digital era". The report was published online on 28 March 2018: https://www.icrc.org/en/document/engaging-people-caught-conflict-icrc-hhi-launch-joint-discussion-paper Follow the conversation on Twitter by using the #CommIsAid
Sustainability and Conflict in the Developing World
 
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A CUSA Sustainability Seminar delivered by Renard Sexton on April 13, 2011. Renard Sexton is the Project Coordinator, Fundacion Futuro Latinoamericano (Quito, Ecuador) and is an International Affairs Columnist, FiveThirtyEight (New York Times). There is a growing body of academic, applied and journalistic research that points to a strong relationship between natural resources and conflict in the developing world. Whether attributed to a 'resource curse' in the case of high value, extractable natural resources, or 'scarcity and competition' over water, land, fisheries and other resources, it is clear that natural resources and the environment, because of their importance to human survival, are an important contributor to and victim of violent conflict. While there are many strategies for analyzing and transforming these sorts of conflicts in the short and medium term, such as negotiations and settlements over specific resources, external interventions that award control over resources, international boycotts of resources funding conflict, etc., sustainability and sustainable development have emerged as a potential key aspect of long term strategies. This talk will analyze, at a very practical level as well as in theory, where this has been and could be successful and where it will likely fall short.
Views: 95 UCI Open
Deepening Understanding of Natural Resource Conflicts
 
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The creation of the Ken Saro-Wiwa Audio Archive In November 2011, Sister Majella McCarron (OLA) donated 28 letters and 27 poems she received from Nigerian writer and activist Ken Saro-Wiwa to the Library at NUI Maynooth. The letters were written during the two years leading up to his execution in 1995. Saro-Wiwa had been leading a peaceful protest against the environmental destruction of his homeland Ogoni in the Niger Delta, by the international petrochemical industry. Despite widespread international protest, he was executed, along with eight others (the Ogoni Nine), by the then Nigerian military regime. The letters, mostly handwritten, were smuggled out of military detention in food baskets. Subsequently, McCarron donated a collection of photographs relating to the period, other documents such as flyers, articles and ephemera, and artefacts including a cap which had belonged to Ken Saro-Wiwa and a Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP) flag. To complement this rich collection the two presenters created the Ken Saro-Wiwa Audio Archive. The archive - a collection of audio recordings - is freely accessible internationally via the web at http://library.nuim.ie/electronic-resources/ken-saro-wiwa-audio-archive The archive was conceived as a useful learning resource both for those undertaking courses relating to social justice, environmental rights and indigenous people in higher education and those involved in social movements, here in Ireland and internationally. It is a series of 14 recordings of those connected with Saro-Wiwa, particularly Sister Majella McCarron and Dr. Owens Wiwa and seeks to provide an insight into the conflict in the Niger Delta and Sister Majella’s work on conflict resolution in Nigeria and Ireland. Helen Fallon is Deputy Librarian at NUI Maynooth. She has published extensivelywith her colleague Dr. Anne O’Brien she created the Ken Saro-Wiwa Audio Archive. She taught librarianship in Sierra Leone for two years, and has carried out a number of consultancies in developing countries. Dr Anne O’ Brien works as a television producer and academic. She coordinates the provision of production modules for NUI Maynooth’s degrees in Media Studies, Digital Media and their MA in Radio and Television Production. She has produced documentaries for broadcast in Kenya and Sierra Leone and worked on the production of an audio archive on the life of Ken Saro Wiwa and the activist work of Sr Majella McCarron and Owens Wiwa
Views: 205 MUKI Conflict
Resource Management and Conflict - Willene Johnson
 
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Dr. Willene Johnson, former US Executive Director at the African Development Bank, addresses the topic of Resource Management and Conflict before an interagency audience at a workshop on Africa's Contemporary Security Challenges hosted by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies.
António Guterres (Secretary-General) on root causes of conflict - Security Council, 8372nd meeting
 
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Remarks by H.E. Mr. António Guterres, United Nations Secretary-General, at the Security Council meeting on "Root Causes of Conflict" (8372nd meeting). Secretary-General António Guterres today (16 Oct) told the Security Council that “the exploitation of natural resources, or competition over them, can and does lead to violent conflict,” adding that “preventing, managing and resolving such conflicts is one of the major and growing challenges of our time.” The Secretary-General noted that UN studies indicate that “more than 40 percent of internal armed conflicts over the last 60 years have been linked to natural resources,” and this trend will continue to grow with the increasing impacts of climate change. In the past decades in Africa, Guterres said, 75 percent of civil wars have been “partially funded by revenues from natural resources.” He said, “the illegal extraction of minerals, timber, charcoal and wildlife has fuelled violence in a number of regions,” including in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic. Guterres stressed that “more needs to be done to regulate the provenance, sale and trade of minerals through cooperative arrangements involving civil society, governments and regional and international organizations.” The Secretary-General said that in response, the organization is taking a number of actions, including strengthening partnerships with regional and sub-regional organizations. He welcomed the ongoing cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union and, including the Framework for an Enhanced Partnership in Peace and Security, “to support the Panel of the Wise in its efforts to improve prevention, mediation and the resolution of conflicts over natural resources in Africa.” The Ambassador of Bolivia, Sacha Sergio Llorentty Solíz, who presided today’s meeting, said that “when control, exploitation, or access to oil, gas, water, minerals, and other natural resources become a strategic objective to the warring parties or armed groups and criminal organizations, it is because often behind them there are multinational corporations or foreign interests willing to make use of them in order to gain access to these natural resources.”
Views: 1158 United Nations
Central African Republic: The way of the warlord
 
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Subscribe to France 24 now: http://f24.my/youtubeEN FRANCE 24 live news stream: all the latest news 24/7 http://f24.my/YTliveEN In the war-torn Central African Republic, former rebels who mounted a coup in 2013 are now dreaming of independence. FRANCE 24’s reporters James André and Anthony Fouchard went to meet one of the most powerful armed groups in the country, in the capital of their parallel state in the north. Since gaining independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic has never truly experienced peace. In March 2013, a coalition of rebel groups called the Seleka seized power in country’s fifth coup d'état. Leaders on all sides exploited religious tensions for political ends and the country descended into violence. The Seleka, led by Michel Djotodia, was forced to give up power after nine months, completely unable to restore security. Under UN auspices, France deployed more than 2,000 soldiers to restore a fragile peace and avoid what it called a “genocide". But President Faustin-Archange Touadéra, who was elected in March 2016, has still not managed to bring calm to a country devastated by civil war. On the contrary: violence actually resumed in the capital Bangui in April 2018. ►► On France24.com: Central African Republic's president Touadéra slams 'enemies of the peace' Since being routed, the rebels have been divided and fragmented, but have maintained their ability to cause trouble. The Popular Front for the Renaissance of the Central African Republic (known by its French acronym FPRC) is one of the most powerful armed groups. Abdoulaye Hissène, the FPRC’s military leader, is based in the northeastern town of Ndélé, but is massing his troops at the gates of Bangui. Towards a partition of the country? Although the prospect of a fresh coup seems unlikely, everyone is wondering about a possible partition of the country. The rebels prefer to talk about federalism and autonomy. Although they control all the main roads, provide security and even levy taxes, they do not want to create the impression of cutting ties with the central government, which does not consider the north a priority. The FPRC now wants to improve its image, severely tarnished after the violence of 2013. The rebels are literally sitting on a gold and diamond mine, the northeast being rich in natural resources. This is attracting Russian private security companies, officially invited by the central government to train army recruits. The climate is tense, but in the meantime, Abdoulaye Hissène knows very well that the weak army cannot dislodge him. "My men are in Bangui, they are just waiting for the political green light," he says. Whether he’s bluffing or not, guns speak louder than words and appear to be the main negotiating method in this region. http://www.france24.com/en/reporters Visit our website: http://www.france24.com Subscribe to our YouTube channel: http://f24.my/youtubeEN Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/FRANCE24.English Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/France24_en
Views: 741318 FRANCE 24 English
Environmental Protection, Security and Armed Conflict
 
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BOOK REVIEW ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, SECURITY AND ARMED CONFLICT A Sustainable Development Perspective By Onita Das Edward Elgar Publishing Limited ISBN: 978 1 78100 467 8 www.e-elgar.com TOWARD DEVELOPING A LEGAL ANALYSIS OF WAR AND THE ENVIRONMENT An appreciation by Phillip Taylor MBE and Elizabeth Taylor of Richmond Green Chambers This thoughtful, analytical and scholarly monograph encapsulates and examines the ramifications of the vast amount of research carried out by Onita Das on the dual considerations of sustainability and armed conflict. The appearance of this book published by Edward Elgar in 2012 reflects a growing awareness worldwide that environmental damage and armed conflict are inextricably linked. As Professor Duncan French mentions in the Foreword, environmental harm is increasingly recognized as both a consequence and a cause of military conflicts; the most commonplace example being resource scarcity. You could extrapolate from this argument of course, that resource scarcity is a more potent cause of human conflict than, for example, ideological or religious differences between communities. Whether you are comfortable with this view or not, this book, the result of massive and painstaking research, offers ample evidence which supports the author's basic thesis that environmental security must be actively sustained as a bulwark, so to speak, against the continuation and escalation of human conflict worldwide. 'Environmental pressures,' explains Das, 'can, in some circumstances cause violent of armed conflict and such conflict can in turn, cause devastating damage and destruction to the environment.' This 'vicious circle,' she adds, creates a number of consequences not the least of which is the pressure and the damage that can 'often extend beyond the territories of conflict-affected states, threatening the lives and livelihoods of people across communities and borders'. The aspect of war and armed conflict in environmental studies, as Das points out, 'has not received the attention it deserves,' a matter which this book seeks to address -- and does so quite convincingly in our view, citing a number of illuminating case studies along the way. Because of its subject matter, the recent appearance of this book is certainly timely and worthy of close scrutiny, especially by those involved professionally in this complex area; academics and postgraduate students obviously, as well as policy-makers and yes, environmental lawyers. Environmental researchers especially, will appreciate the book's extensive footnoting and the literally hundreds of references for further reading contained therein. The book also provides a listing of relevant abbreviations, tables of cases and legislation and an index at the back which aids navigation and ease of use. As the subtitle indicates, this book certainly provides a research-based and thought- provoking perspective on sustainable development in a truly international context.
Views: 153 Phillip Taylor
The Resource Curse and Gender Inequality
 
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This is an introductory video about the phenomenon known as the resource curse and how this could be a stronger indicator of gender inequality in the middle east than Islamic traditions. References and further reading: Anker, R. 1997. Theories of occupational segregation by sex: An overview. Int'l Lab. Rev., 136 p. 315. Bannon, I. and Collier, P. 2003. Natural resources and conflict: What we can do. Natural resources and violent conflict: Options and actions, pp. 1--16. Broad, R. 1995. The Political Economy of Natural Resources: Cases of the Indonesian and Philippine Forest Sectors. Journal of Developing Areas, 29 (3), pp. 317-339. Corden, W. M. and Neary, J. P. 1982. Booming sector and de-industrialisation in a small open economy. The economic journal, pp. 825--848. Davis, G. A. and Tilton, J. E. 2005. The resource curse. 29 (3), pp. 233--242. Inglehart, R. and Norris, P. 2003. Rising tide. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Karl, T. L. 1997. The paradox of plenty. Berkeley: University of California Press. Lerner, D. 1958. The passing of traditional society: modernizing the Middle East. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press. Mitra, P. 1994. Adjustment in oil-importing developing countries. New York, N.Y.: Cambridge University Press. Ross, M. 2004. How Do Natural Resources Influence Civil War? Evidence From 13 Cases. International Organisation, 58 (1), pp. 35-68. Ross, M. L. 2001. Does oil hinder democracy?. World politics, 53 (3), pp. 325--361. Ross, M. L. 2008. Oil, Islam, and women. American Political Science Review, 102 (01), pp. 107--123. Rosser, A. 2006. The political economy of the resource curse. Brighton: University of Sussex. Institute of development studies (IDS). Stanford, J. 2012. A Cure for Dutch Disease: Active Sector Strategies for Canada's Economy. Torvik, R. 2002. Natural resources, rent seeking and welfare. Journal of development economics, 67 (2), pp. 455--470. Background Music Information: Song Name: One Day Album: Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End Label: Walt Disney Producer: Hans Zimmer No copyright infringement is intended
Views: 1697 Aonghus Carey
Sustainability and Conflict in the Developing World (Renard Sexston)
 
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Renard Sexton - Project Coordinator, Fundacion Futuro Latinoamericano (Quito, Ecuador); International Affairs Columnist, FiveThirtyEight (New York Times) There is a growing body of academic, applied and journalistic research that points to a strong relationship between natural resources and conflict in the developing world. Whether attributed to a 'resource curse' in the case of high value, extractable natural resources, or 'scarcity and competition' over water, land, fisheries and other resources, it is clear that natural resources and the environment, because of their importance to human survival, are an important contributor to and victim of violent conflict. While there are many strategies for analyzing and transforming these sorts of conflicts in the short and medium term, such as negotiations and settlements over specific resources, external interventions that award control over resources, international boycotts of resources funding conflict, etc., sustainability and sustainable development have emerged as a potential key aspect of long term strategies. This talk will analyze, at a very practical level as well as in theory, where this has been and could be successful and where it will likely fall short.
Views: 584 CUSAatUCI
Conflict - Look Closer
 
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'Conflict – look closer' calls for a commitment to investing in peacebuilding alternatives to prevent and resolve violent conflict. Conflicts in Ukraine, Iraq, Syria and the Middle East may claim the media headlines today but beyond the media spotlight, millions live every day with violent and intractable conflicts and their consequences.
Views: 10674 Conciliation Resources
Why Ukraine is trapped in endless conflict
 
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The ceasefire is completely ignored. Correction: In a previous version, the Russian Empire at 2:31 did not include Finland and northern Kazakhstan and at 2:34 the map mistakenly depicted the Warsaw Pact members, not the Soviet Union. At 2:03 the Minsk II agreement refers to the separatist enclaves as "certain areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine" not the DPR and LPR. Sources: Russian Empire: https://www.loc.gov/item/2015591079/ Soviet Union: https://www.loc.gov/resource/g7001f.ct001572/ Watch Vox Atlas, videos about conflicts around the world and their origins: http://bit.ly/2FOW52x Subscribe to our channel! http://goo.gl/0bsAjO The present conflict in Ukraine started in 2014. Today, there are 100,000 fighters stationed in the country, making it one of the most heavily militarized regions in the world. In Ukraine's east, Ukrainian forces are engaged in a struggle with Russian-backed separatists. A ceasefire was called in 2015, with a security zone established that was meant to foster peace. However, today the security zone remains one of the most violent places in the Ukraine. With over 10,000 deaths to date, and over 1.5 million civilians displaced, the cost of ignoring the ceasefire continues to mount by the day. And both sides are still building up their forces. To truly understand the international conflicts and trends shaping our world you need a big-picture view. Video journalist Sam Ellis uses maps to tell these stories and chart their effects on foreign policy. Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com. Watch our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE Follow Vox on Facebook: http://goo.gl/U2g06o Or Twitter: http://goo.gl/XFrZ5H
Views: 2134906 Vox
Reducing violent conflict through community engagement in Kenya
 
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Trocaire’s project in northern Kenya reduces the risk of extractive industries leading to violent conflict through community engagement. Trocaire is funded through DFID’s ‘Kenya Extractives Programme’ and managed by Oxford Policy Management. For more information on K-EXPRO see: https://devtracker.dfid.gov.uk/projects/GB-1-204339 and Trocaire see https://www.trocaire.org/whatwedo/wherewework/kenya
Presence of rich minerals and conflict in Democratic Republic of the Congo ESSP Assignment Dieudonne
 
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Presence of rich minerals and conflict in Democratic Republic of the Congo Conflict in Congo has become to termed as the War of Resources (Nzongola: 2005). Countries rich in minerals such as cobalt, coltan, cassiterite, copper, and gold are often marred by corruption, authoritarian repression, militarization, and civil war. Rebel groups, governments and mining companies exploit mineral resources, fueling civil and interstate conflict as players vie for control over riches. Countries such as the Democratic Republic of Congo have fallen victim to rebels who use revenue from minerals such as diamonds, coltan and cassiterite to purchase arms and fuel conflict. Governments often establish repressive military regimes in mineral producing regions to protect their "national interests," but local populations rarely see the profits and are subjected to environmental damage wrought by corporations. Like Angola and Sierraleaone, Congo has suffered for the presence of rich minerals in the country. If not for the presence of minerals in Congo, Leopold and Belguim could never have occupied the country in the first instance, rebel groups and multi national corporations couldn't have done what they did and still do, and there would never have been interference by neighbouring states in the affairs of Congo. Therefore, the problem of Congo lies in the fact that it is richly endowed with minerals. Congo is awash with gold, diamonds and metals such as cassiterite and coltan used to weld small pieces together in electronics. The conflict in eastern Congo is being fueled and funded by a tussle for mineral resources that end up in cell phones, laptops and other electronics-- deepening the stakes in a war that sprung out of festering hatreds from the Rwandan genocide. Rebel militias and Congolese army troops are fighting each other for control of mineral-rich land. They can then sell the raw materials they mine and use the proceeds to fund their activities and arms -- which prolongs the conflict. Many analysts say that the heart of conflict is the struggle for minerals. "In some ways (mineral exploitation) has become the means and the ends of the conflict," said Jennifer Cooke, the director of the Africa program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in New York. There's virtually no government control over the eastern Congo and much of the conflict. There is a scramble at the local level and at the regional level for access to land and the minerals underneath them. Over the years, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has faced a problem of natural resource management. The continual exploitation and lack of effective management has led to the perpetuation of ongoing conflict and instability throughout the country, but most notably in the Eastern provinces. It is feared that without international recognition and domestic pressure to curb the ongoing exploitation, the DRC's future will be one that is trapped in a vicious cycle of human rights abuses and conflict. While these practices should be addressed, it is more crucial to look at the manner in which natural resource control has been manipulated and used by warlords and governments as a means to sustain violent conflict. For instance, in the late nineties in the district of Ituri it was discovered that the ability of the warlords to continue their violent actions was supported and financed by the exploitation of gold from the area. This example is indicative of a wider trend throughout Congo whereby armed groups are fighting for control of resources for material gain and the financing of continued armed conflict. Therefore like most scholars and analysts agree, the primary cause of the Congo conflict lies in the struggle by different sects to exploit and manage natural resources (minerals). This causal factor goes back to 1888s during the era of Leopold and Belguim colonial occupation to the nineties that witness the partition and plunder by neighboring states of Uganda and Rwanda. (Assignment for the ESSP Course, submitted by Dieudonne Amisi, March 2018)
Civil Wars MOOC (#33): The Conflict Trap
 
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Civil wars destroy economies and bad economies lead to more civil wars. To paraphrase Admiral Ackbar, it's a conflict trap.
Views: 1435 William Spaniel
UN calls for Africa change of sustainable patterns on natural resources
 
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The United Nations environment programme has called developing African countries to take responsibility to relieve the Earth from the demands of over-consumption and its drain on our natural resources.
Views: 42 New China TV
Public Panel - Conflicts over Water, Land and Food: Prevention and Responses
 
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Water and land are key natural resources that shape billions of peoples’ livelihoods, food security, wellbeing and identity. The equitable and peaceful management of water and land is an increasingly challenging task due to a multitude of factors such as resource degradation, climate change, population growth and violent conflict that can exacerbate vulnerabilities. Multi-faceted policies and practices that combine approaches from development, peacebuilding and human rights in a complementary and mutually reinforcing way present potential for preventing both structural and direct violence. This event will discuss the potential of land, food and water as instruments of peace in preventing conflicts and building peace in emergency situations. 18:00-19:30 World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Avenue de la Paix 7bis, Geneva. 2nd floor, De Mello Room Auditorium.
Views: 72 Geneva Water Hub
Africa's Resource Wars: Oil and the International Politics of Nigeria's Niger Delta Conflict
 
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Clement Adibe, Professor of Political Science at DePaul University, Chicago, Il, gave this talk at Cornell University's Institute for African Development’s 2011 symposium “Natural Resources & Development in Africa” on April 30, 2011. This program premiered on the Public Access Television Channel at the PEGASYS Community Media Center in Ithaca NY as part of the series Over the Shoulder.
Views: 75 Jurden Alexander
Fördjupningssamtal: Conflict, Natural Resources and Food Security - focus: the AU and EU
 
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Francesco Rampa, head of Food Security Programme at the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM), discuss food insecurity as both cause and consequence of conflicts, with a focus on African and European policy frameworks.
Views: 64 fufplay
Extractives, Equity and Conflict: Lessons from work at local, national and international levels
 
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Researchers have documented that dependence on exploitation of natural resources "substantially increases the risk of civil war." This is the curse of plenty. However, this does not have to be the case. Oil, gas, and minerals exploitation can fuel equitable development and help people raise themselves from poverty. Poorly managed exploitation of these valuable natural resources and inequitable appropriation of the enormous wealth they generate can mire a country in poverty and exacerbate underlying inequalities which can fuel corruption and violent conflict. In too many developing countries, people living near the extractive industry operations see little benefit from the extraction of this national wealth. Instead they bear a disproportionate share of the costs: environmental contamination and health risks, degraded livelihood security, ruptured social fabric and conflict (Extractives and Equity: An Introductory Overview and Case Studies from Peru, Angola and Nigeria (2011) Edited by Tom Bamat, Aaron Chassy and Rees Warne, CRS page 1). Panel members will discuss trends and lessons learned in work on equity and the impacts of extractives industries (oil, gas and mining) in developing countries and will particularly highlight the effects on conflict. Rees Warne (Catholic Relief Services) will draw on recent research sponsored by Catholic Relief Services to discuss actions being taken by civil society organizations, communities and the Catholic Church in resource-rich countries to reduce negative impacts and increase local benefits from extractive companies' operations. Prof. Peter Rosenblum (Columbia Law School) will situate the focus on conflict minerals within the larger international movements on natural resource exploitation and address the need for integrating the conflict mineral discussion with other work on the mining sector in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Isabel Munilla (US Publish What You Pay coalition) will discuss legal frameworks with international reach that aim to improve transparency of oil, gas and mining revenues paid to governments as a step towards increasing government accountability for the spending of national natural resource wealth.
Views: 255 Kyle Cote
Richard Matthew - Community Led Approaches to Natural Resources and Peacebuilding
 
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"After 20 years of peacebuilding experimentation, one of the good signs is that the countries receiving this [peacebuilding] attention...more and more are shaping the process," said Professor Richard Matthew, director of the Center for Unconventional Security Affairs at the University of California, Irvine. Peacebuilding is shifting, he said, from internationals going in with pre-existing conceptions of "what you need for stability and development, what will make you attractive to investors, what will make your people secure," to instead sitting down and talking with stakeholders about "what types of capacity do you need, and how can we support you in acquiring those." Read the full post on New Security Beat: http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2012/04/richard-matthew-responsive.html
Mali's climate security trap - how drought and heavy rains impact violence and migration
 
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Mali has been experiencing a series of recurring climate impacts that have severely impacted the country's agricultural sector - no less than the blood vein of Mali's economy and the livelihood basis of its mostly rural population. Scarcer resources have spiked a series of violent conflicts and strengthened armed rebel groups, leading to mass displacements and regional instability. In this video, experts look into how climate change influences Mali's security situation and suggest an approach directed towards conflict prevention and natural resource management. The Climate Diplomacy initiative is a collaborative effort of the German Federal Foreign Office in partnership with adelphi (http://www.climate-diplomacy.org). Subscribe to the newsletter here: http://bit.ly/subscribeECC Follow Climate Diplomacy on Twitter: https://twitter.com/ClimateDiplo "Voice over: To create peace in Mali, it is necessary to look at the role of climate change in conflict, and to identify new routes out of poverty and violence. In Central and Northern Mali, devastating droughts and unpredictable rains wiped out agricultural livelihoods. They have affected traditional herders, farmers and pastoralists, and led to conflicts over scarce resources. Armed rebel groups were then able to thrive on the grievances. Shreya Mitra: Local natural resource conflicts in Mali have spill-over effects to other sectors and to other regions. They are not geographically contained. Because, as we know, conflict breeds other conflicts and with the pressures of climate change and population growth, the ability for these conflicts to expand out and become wider than where they are contained is much larger and it is much higher. And so firstly, we do need to invest in conflict prevention because disputes over natural resources are ubiquitous in any country whose economy depends so heavily on them. In Mali for example, 80% of livelihoods depend on the use of land and water and so to ignore areas where pressures on natural resources are latent but where they are increasing really runs the risk of not treating the conflicts and nipping them in the bud when we can actually do something about it. Voice over: Though peace negotiations were concluded in 2015, the security situation in Mali remains volatile, preventing the return of many internally displaced people and refugees who fled to neighbouring countries. Aliou Dia: Climate security is a big issue in Mali, and I think if we want to address today, the security situation in Northern Mali, if we want to get Mali out of the whole trap of insecurity - not only Mali, but the entire Sahel region – we absolutely and definitely need to address the root causes of that insecurity situation. It is obvious, it is clear that the key, the most important key drivers of the security situation in the Sahel and in Mali are related to climate, related to drought, related to competition over natural resources: water and land. So if the international community wants to help Mali out of that trap, there is a need to look into the climate angle. Voice over: Climate variability and desertification play into the hands of armed groups and make peace harder to attain. Integrating natural resource management into national security strategies and migration policies, and to address environmental pressures that impact agriculture and food security are vital steps towards security, stability and sustainability." The production of this video is supported by the German Federal Foreign Office and the Planetary Security Initiative. We also thank the Clingendael team for their help and cooperation. Directed by: Stella Schaller (adelphi). Produced by: Paul Müller-Hahl (Lichtbilder)
Views: 488 adelphi, Berlin
Alexander Carius - Environmental Peacebuilding
 
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"One of the shortcomings of the entire debate on natural resources, climate security, and conflict is the question of empirical evidence," says Alexander Carius, co-director of Adelphi Research, in this discussion of environmental peacebuilding with ECSPs Geoff Dabelko. Carius elaborates on how the reformulation of existing conflict analytical frameworks and environmental peacebuilding protocols along with improved empirical evidence will give environmental peacebuilding the traction it needs to take hold in bilateral aid agencies like USAID.
Land Tenure and Property Policies in East Africa
 
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Project on Leadership and Building State Capacity Africa Program Environmental Change and Security Program "Insecure land tenure and property rights and the inequitable access to land and natural assets are two of the leading triggers of violent conflict, population displacement, the over-exploitation of natural resources, and political instability throughout eastern Africa," asserted Peter Hetz of ARD, Inc. at "Land Tenure and Property Policies in East Africa," an event co-sponsored by the Environmental Change and Security Program and the Africa Program on April 23, 2008. Hetz and USAID's Gregory Myers explored how imprecise or inequitable systems of land tenure and property rights have helped precipitate conflict in Northern Uganda, Kenya, and Southern Sudan, and warned that lack of attention to these crucial issues will foster further violence in those volatile countries. For example, Myers called the Kenyan government's push to quickly resettle people displaced by the recent violence without addressing the causes "a recipe for disaster." Event speakers: Peter Hetz, Gregory Myers
Views: 1581 WoodrowWilsonCenter
2012 Hagey Lecture: Dr. Paul Collier
 
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In the 2012 Hagey Lecture, Professor Paul Collier examines the steps that must be taken for African nations to sustainably capitalize on their natural resources. Thursday, November 22nd at 8:00pm, Humanities Theatre, Hagey Hall The natural resource discoveries that will come onstream in Africa over the next decade constitute a once-a-lifetime chance for the region to develop. But when parts of the region last had this chance, in the 1970s, it was mostly a missed opportunity and sometimes led to violent conflict. To harness resources for development requires that a chain of economic decisions go right, and this in turn rests on functional politics. Currently these vital political struggles are being played out within Africa between decent people and crooks. The international community can play its part by cracking down on the facilitators of corruption who currently thrive on the margins of our own professions. Dr. Paul Collier is a Professor of Economics and the Director for the Centre for the Study of African Economies at the University of Oxford, and he acted as the director of the Development Research Group of the World Bank from 1998-2003. Waterloo's premier invitational public lecture series since 1970, the Hagey Lectures are co-sponsored by the Faculty Association and the University of Waterloo.
Views: 1722 uwaterloo
Conflict and Collaboration in Conservation
 
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Conflict and Collaboration in conservation: Two perspectives for addressing today's conservation challenges. Contemporary natural resource conservation often includes stakeholders with conflicting views on how and why resources are managed. Join us for a seminar that examines two approaches to engaging diverse stakeholders. Robin Reid, Director of CSU’s Center for Collaborative Conservation and Professor in CSU’s Dept of Ecosystem Science and Sustainability will talk about the global movement to collaborate in conservation, one watershed and seascape at a time. She will present models on how to bring diverse stakeholders together, jointly define problems and co-learn ways to create new solutions, using case studies from the US and Africa. This will include ways to design science so it is useful and used in practice, and ways to bring practice into science. Robin will also cover ways to integrate different knowledge sources in this co-production process with diverse stakeholders. She will end with suggestions on how to strengthen this movement, to build a better common future. Francine Madden, Executive Director of the Human-Wildlife Conflict Collaboration will share two analytical models that examine the deep-rooted sources of social conflict that often impede conservation efforts. Conservation conflicts often serve as proxies for more elusive underlying social conflicts, including struggles for group recognition, respect, meaningful participation, and identity. Too often, the science is rejected and otherwise sound decisions may be undermined because the process to make or enforce those decisions disregards the complexities and depth of social conflict within those contexts, as well as what is needed to build trust in relationships. Francine will share best practices in conservation conflict transformation (CCT) using three case studies that demonstrate how conflict can be transformed so as to increase social receptivity and shared commitment to conservation efforts. October 15,2014 Speakers: Robin Reid, Center for Collaborative Conservation and Department of Ecosystem Science and Sustainability, Colorado State University Francine Madden, Human-Wildlife Conflict Collaboration)
Views: 373 ISESS Fort Collins
It's time to draw borders on the Arctic Ocean
 
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Why Russia wants to own the North Pole. Follow Johnny to stay up to date: Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/johnnywharris Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/johnnyharrisvox Vox Borders Episodes: 1. Haiti and the Dominican Republic ( https://youtu.be/4WvKeYuwifc) 2. The Arctic & Russia (https://youtu.be/Wx_2SVm9Jgo) 3. Japan & North Korea (https://youtu.be/qBfyIQbxXPs) 4. Mexico & Guatemala (https://youtu.be/1xbt0ACMbiA) 5. Nepal & The Himalaya (https://youtu.be/ECch2g1_6PQ) 6. Spain & Morocco (https://youtu.be/LY_Yiu2U2Ts) The ice in the Arctic is disappearing. Melting Arctic ice means new economic opportunities: trade routes in the Arctic ocean, and access to natural resources. Because of this, the Arctic nations are now moving to expand their border claims. Russia has shown that it’s the most ambitious, using a potent combination of soft power and military buildup to advance its agenda. They’ve said the Arctic is rightfully theirs. Check out more arctic maps from IBRU, Durham University, UK: http://www.durham.ac.uk/ibru/resources/arctic / Vox Borders is a new international documentary series presented by Emmy-nominated videojournalist Johnny Harris. For this series, Johnny is producing six 10-15 minute documentaries about different borders stories from around the world.
Views: 2359138 Vox
Congo, My Precious. The Curse of the coltan mines in Congo
 
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Watch more https://rtd.rt.com/tags/illegal-mining/ The Democratic Republic of Congo in Africa is one of the world’s most resource-rich countries. A wide range of rare minerals can be found here in abundance, all commanding high prices in world commodity markets. Diamonds for jewellery, tantalum, tungsten and gold for electronics; uranium used in power generation and weaponry and many others. Congo has copious deposits of raw materials that are in high demand internationally but remains one of the poorest countries in the world. From colonisation, with the horrors of slavery and other atrocities, to a turbulent and equally brutal present in which militant groups control the mines, Congo’s richness in natural resources has brought nothing but misery. Referred to as “conflict minerals”, these riches leave only a trail of death, destruction and poverty. Under Belgian rule, Congolese labourers were often required to meet quotas when mining different minerals. Failure could mean punishment by having a hand cut off with a machete. The country gained independence in 1960, but that didn’t put a stop to slave and child labour or to crimes being committed to extract and exploit the minerals. Warring militant fractions from inside the country and beyond seized control of mines for their own benefit while terrorising local populations. For our translator, Bernard Kalume Buleri, his country’s history of turmoil is very personal; like most Congolese people, he and his family fell victim to the unending mineral based power struggle. Born in the year of his country’s independence, he has lived through war and seen his homeland torn apart by violent looting and greed. His story is a damning testament, illustrating how nature’s bounty, instead of being a blessing, becomes a deadly curse. SUBSCRIBE TO RTD Channel to get documentaries firsthand! http://bit.ly/1MgFbVy FOLLOW US RTD WEBSITE: https://RTD.rt.com/ RTD ON TWITTER: http://twitter.com/RT_DOC RTD ON FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/RTDocumentary RTD ON DAILYMOTION http://www.dailymotion.com/rt_doc RTD ON INSTAGRAM https://www.instagram.com/rtd_documentary_channel/ RTD LIVE https://rtd.rt.com/on-air/
Views: 1095308 RT Documentary
Environment, conflict & peacebuilding: a personal journey of change within the UN
 
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While the links between natural resources, conflict and peace are well understood within the academic community, the UN system has been slow to respond to the risks and opportunities in a comprehensive way. A combination of geo-political interests, sovereignty concerns, and other diplomatic barriers have largely undermined reforms across the UN and prevented a coherent response at the field level. However, with the appointment of the new Secretary General and his emphasis on conflict prevention, the UN is changing its perspectives on the environment, conflict and peacebuilding. David Jensen, Head of the Environmental Cooperation for Peacebuilding (ECP) Initiative at the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), has been working on this topic within the UN system for the last decade and will share lessons learned and personal insights on progress, disappointments and the challenges that lie ahead. Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford www.oxfordmartin.ox.ac.uk