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Conflict as a natural resource | Charles Irvine | TEDxLondonBusinessSchool
 
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Backed by his unique experiences, Charles gives a fascinating perspective into conflict and the power of good that can emerge from the unexpected. During his time as a peace monitor in South Africa at the height of Apartheid, Charles Irvine developed a belief that conflict has the potential to be our greatest natural resource. Since relocating to the UK in 1996 to build “Questions of Difference”, a niche consultancy, he has gone on to inspire more than 40,000 people as a strategic business consultant in over 30 countries. He is driven by his passion for creating environments where groups of people do extraordinary things. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx
Views: 4204 TEDx Talks
Does Natural Resource Scarcity Always Equal Conflict?
 
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Must competition for resources, particularly in areas most affected by climate change, result in conflict? Or can education prevent conflict and lead to better solutions? In this episode of NOW, Roger-Mark De Souza, Director of Population, Environmental Security, and Resilience with the Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program tackles these tough questions and provides a preview of a major event planned for World Population Day 2014. Guest Roger-Mark De Souza is the director of population, environmental security, and resilience for the Wilson Center. He leads programs on climate change resilience, reproductive and maternal health, environmental security, and livelihoods, including the Global Sustainability and Resilience Program, Environmental Change and Security Program, and Maternal Health Initiative. Before joining the Center in 2013, De Souza served as vice president of research and director of the climate program at Population Action International, where he provided strategic guidance, technical oversight, and management of programs on population, gender, climate change, environment, and reproductive health. From 2007 to 2010, as the director of foundation and corporate relations at the Sierra Club, he led a multi-million dollar foundation and corporate fundraising program. Prior to working at the Sierra Club, he directed the Population, Health, and Environment Program at the Population Reference Bureau for 10 years, where he designed and implemented research, communications, and capacity-building projects in the United States, Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean.
Views: 1282 WoodrowWilsonCenter
Annan warns about impact of conflicts on natural resources
 
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The Chair of the Africa Progress Panel (APP) has urged the United Nations (UN) Security Council to play an important role in ending the plunder of minerals and other natural resources that perpetuate violent conflict, particularly in Africa...http://owl.li/mcUFp
Views: 242 SABC Digital News
War & Human Nature: Crash Course World History 204
 
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In which John Green teaches you about war! Specifically, John talks about whether humanity is naturally warlike, hard-wired to kill, or if perhaps war is a cultural construct. John will talk about the Hobbes versus Rousseau debate, the effects that war has on human social orders, and the effects that war has on individuals. So is war human nature? Watch and find out what we have to say about it. You can directly support Crash Course at https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Free is nice, but if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing this content.
Views: 2026836 CrashCourse
The ecology of war: an evolutionary perspective on conflict over resources and prospects for peace
 
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Professor Dominic Johnson, Co-Director of the Oxford Martin Programme on Natural Governance. Competition over resources and territory is not just a feature of modern or historical times, but a recurrent theme in the natural world, and a phenomenon that reaches far back in human evolutionary history. While modern conflict has many unique qualities, common patterns across species and time suggest important fundamental insights about human nature and social organisation that may help to address modern problems, especially those which are hard to resolve. Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford www.oxfordmartin.ox.ac.uk
Blood Diamonds and Religious War: Diamonds and Division
 
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The Central African Republic is one of the poorest countries in the world, but it is also rich in natural resources. One of the official mining sectors has collapsed amid the country’s ongoing conflict, and now both sides are benefitting from the illicit trade of gold and diamonds. Clashes over control of the many mines have also created religious tension in places where there previously had been none. VICE News traveled to mines located in the heart of the Central African Republic to see how the battle over natural resources is playing out in one of the world’s most violent conflicts. Watch "The Human Cost of War in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/15xC4L2 Watch "War in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/1Ao5Qdx Read "UN Peacekeeper Released Hours After Being Kidnapped in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/1Enj8O7 Read "Violence Escalates in Central African Republic as Thousands of Muslims Remain Trapped in the Country" - http://bit.ly/1yrNFpl Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 361349 VICE News
Annan warns about impact of conflicts on natural resources
 
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Kofi Annan, Chair of the Africa Progress Panel, has urged the United Nations Security Council to play an important role in ending the plunder of minerals and other natural resources that perpetuate violent conflict, particularly in Africa. Original source: http://owl.li/mcUFp Read Mr Annan's speech: http://bit.ly/15mMAh1
Key Drivers of Violent Conflict in Africa: Myths and Reality, Dr. Paul Williams
 
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Speaking at the start of a four-day seminar titled, “Africa’s Contemporary Security Challenges” hosted by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS), Dr. Paul Williams, an Associate Professor of International Affairs and Director of the Security Policy Studies Program at George Washington University delivered a far-reaching overview of key drivers of violent conflict in Africa. The September 22 address was part of a seminar series offered by ACSS for U.S. government inter-agency officials engaged on Africa issues. Drawing on empirical data from various sources including the World Bank’s Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED) and the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) Dr. Williams recognized that there has been a dramatic reduction of armed conflict on the African continent in the past decade. “Empirical evidence suggests that there are fewer incidents of armed conflict, mainly concentrated along a geographical belt extending from West Africa and across the Sahel to the Horn of Africa,” he explained. “Southern Africa,” he said, “has now become the most peaceful region on the continent, which was not the case two decades ago.” The evident progress notwithstanding, violent conflicts continue to characterize the African security environment and undermine governance and institution building in the security sector. Dr. Williams discussed what he termed the “myths” and “realities” of African conflicts. - See more at: http://africacenter.org/2014/09/assessing-drivers-of-violent-conflict-in-africa/#sthash.mhBU9LjA.dpuf
Launch of "Natural Resources and Conflict: A Guide for Mediation Practitioners"
 
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This video was filmed by the International Peace Institute during the launch of the collaborative report produced by the UN Department of Political Affairs (DPA) and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) "Natural Resources and Conflict: A Guide for Mediation Practitioners." The event was sponsored by the Permanent Missions of Belgium and Finland and took place at the International Peace Institute in New York on 19 February 2015. Keynote Remarks: United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, H.E. Mr. Jan Eliasson Speakers: H.E. Mr. Pekka Haavisto, Member of Parliament, former Minister, Finland Mr. Michael Brown, DPA Standby Team of Mediation Experts and Professor of Practice in Conflict Mediation at McGill University Moderators: Mr. Stephen Jackson, Team Leader, Mediation Support Unit, DPA Mr. David Jensen, Head of Environmental Cooperation for Peacebuilding, UNEP Visit http://peacemaker.un.org/mediation-support/featured-projects/natural-resources-project to read the report.
The World Bank Group: Tackling Fragility, Conflict and Violence
 
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Addressing the global challenge of fragility, conflict and violence is key to ending poverty and promoting shared prosperity. Fragility affects countries at all income levels, and risks such as climate change and natural disasters can further destabilize communities. To tackle this complex landscape, the WBG is taking a broader approach to fragility by focusing on prevention, and engaging during active conflict, transition and recovery. Humanitarian-development-peace partnerships are critical to success. Know more: Fragility, Conflict and Violence at the World Bank http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/fragilityconflictviolence State and Peacebuilding Fund http://www.worldbank.org/en/programs/state-and-peace-building-fund The Humanitarian-Development-Peace Initiative http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/fragilityconflictviolence/brief/the-humanitarian-development-peace-initiative *** TRANSCRIPT Fragility used to be seen as a low-income problem. Today, we know that it affects countries at all income levels. Climate change, natural disasters and other risks combine to cause more instability. The ongoing famine is a tragic example. The World Bank Group is responding, because extreme poverty is linked. By 2030, 60% of the global poor will live in conflict-affected areas. To tackle fragility, humanitarian-development partnerships are critical. Filippo Grandi, Secretary General, UNHCR: The World Bank brings extraordinary analytical capacity and the longer-term outlook that allows for proper investments in areas, like education, and livelihoods, and, also, support to communities hosting large numbers of refugees and displaced. The Bank is focusing on preventing violent conflict. During conflict, the Bank will remain engaged, and help countries through transition and recovery. In Yemen, the Bank is working with UN partners to keep up critical services like vaccinations for children. Creating jobs is helping communities. Ali Shoqi Qasem Al-Shami, Shopkeeper, Al-Amsha Market, Al-Shaghadera, Yemen: I sell food, commodities spices, etc. The road before was like a swamp. Then when the organization came, the road was paved. Now it is a clean road. In the Central African Republic, Bank support for the country’s transition has had transformational impact. Faustin Archange Touadéra, President of the Central African Republic: Thanks to considerable investment undertaken by the international community, friendly countries and other institutions, in addition to the World Bank, we are emerging [from the crisis]. Gender-based violence is an important focus of prevention. Empowering women economically helps build peace. The Global Crisis Response Platform is strengthening the Bank’s response for both low- and middle-income countries. Sonia Khouri, Director of RACE program, Lebanon Ministry of Education: “We still have many out-of-school children who we will be trying to reach. We need to provide them access to schools and to a high-quality education.” Arwa Aboud, Syrian Student, Lebanon: My name is Arwa Khaled Al Aboud, I am 11 years old. I’m from Syria, the province of Hama. I have been in Lebanon for 4.5 years, and in school for 3 years. This is the frontier of development. The Bank and the global community can make a real difference, to build a more stable world with opportunities for all. Their futures depend on it.
Views: 2381 World Bank
The Barber of Boda (Extra Scene from 'Diamonds and Division')
 
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The Central African Republic is one of the poorest countries in the world, but it is also rich in natural resources. One of the official mining sectors has collapsed amid the country’s ongoing conflict, and now both sides are benefitting from the illicit trade of gold and diamonds. Clashes over control of the many mines have also created religious tension in places where there previously had been none. VICE News traveled to mines located in the heart of the Central African Republic to see how the battle over natural resources is playing out in one of the world’s most violent conflicts. In this extra scene, we meet Alain Sango, a barber who has become personally involved in the rising religious tensions in the area. Watch "Blood Diamonds and Religious War: Diamonds and Division" - http://bit.ly/1zYdmRq Watch "The Human Cost of War in the Central African Republic" - http://bit.ly/15xC4L2 Read "Mugabe Picked as Next African Union Leader as Fight Against Boko Haram Ramps Up" - http://bit.ly/16sOO6M Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 27986 VICE News
António Guterres (Secretary-General) on root causes of conflict - Security Council, 8372nd meeting
 
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Remarks by H.E. Mr. António Guterres, United Nations Secretary-General, at the Security Council meeting on "Root Causes of Conflict" (8372nd meeting). Secretary-General António Guterres today (16 Oct) told the Security Council that “the exploitation of natural resources, or competition over them, can and does lead to violent conflict,” adding that “preventing, managing and resolving such conflicts is one of the major and growing challenges of our time.” The Secretary-General noted that UN studies indicate that “more than 40 percent of internal armed conflicts over the last 60 years have been linked to natural resources,” and this trend will continue to grow with the increasing impacts of climate change. In the past decades in Africa, Guterres said, 75 percent of civil wars have been “partially funded by revenues from natural resources.” He said, “the illegal extraction of minerals, timber, charcoal and wildlife has fuelled violence in a number of regions,” including in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic. Guterres stressed that “more needs to be done to regulate the provenance, sale and trade of minerals through cooperative arrangements involving civil society, governments and regional and international organizations.” The Secretary-General said that in response, the organization is taking a number of actions, including strengthening partnerships with regional and sub-regional organizations. He welcomed the ongoing cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union and, including the Framework for an Enhanced Partnership in Peace and Security, “to support the Panel of the Wise in its efforts to improve prevention, mediation and the resolution of conflicts over natural resources in Africa.” The Ambassador of Bolivia, Sacha Sergio Llorentty Solíz, who presided today’s meeting, said that “when control, exploitation, or access to oil, gas, water, minerals, and other natural resources become a strategic objective to the warring parties or armed groups and criminal organizations, it is because often behind them there are multinational corporations or foreign interests willing to make use of them in order to gain access to these natural resources.”
Views: 928 United Nations
Session 1 - Water, Food, and Conflict: How Resource Scarcity Influences Collective Violence
 
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by Dr Alison Heslin, Visiting Assistant Professor, New York University Abstract This study addresses the intersection of resource scarcity and collective violence. With increasing demands on natural resources due to climate change, industrial development, and population growth, understanding how scarce or inaccessible resources, such as water or food, relate to conflict is critical for security and stability throughout the world. In this paper, I address this intersection by first discussing the existing body of quantitative studies on conflict and resources. These studies find that rainfall, agricultural productivity, and access to water resources can affect levels of conflict in a country. In addition to direct effects, these factors also contribute to conflict by increasing poverty and inequality. My study adds to this literature by utilizing qualitative data to reveal the processes by which resource scarcity leads to violence.
The Resource Crisis Fuelling Conflict in Papua New Guinea (2010)
 
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Resource Rage (2010): Tensions are coming to a head in Papua New Guinea over the government's new plan to sell of the country's natural gas. For similar stories, see: The Crude Destruction Of Life In Alaska https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Wu_JdxLTI8 Vigilante Businessmen Have Taken to the Streets of Papua New Guinea to Fight Crime https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-0toNFym96c Women Are Leading the Charge Against Papua New Guinea's High Infant Mortality https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vjAwqQp7zcs Subscribe to journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures For downloads and more information visit: http://www.journeyman.tv/film/4828 Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures The Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea has made a $16bn deal to extract the country's natural gas. His people have responded with violent protests, which could plunge the troubled nation back into chaos. "It's just like raping a woman. They're going to rape our resources." The landowners living along the length of the proposed pipeline have been promised huge benefits from the plan to extract gas from the Southern Highlands and export it to Asia. But they don't believe it and are up in arms: in scenes of chaos fuelled by a legacy of watching promised riches pass them by, they cut down power-lines, wielding guns and blocking roads: "You never listen - I'll chop you people". Ironically, most of the people living in the resource-rich Southern Highlands live without power, without hospitals and without education. The MD of Australian ‘Oil-Search’- which has a 29% stake in the project - agreed that the money the government has received in the past has not been seen in resource areas”. Project Operator Exxon Mobil refused to comment. But with four dead, the former commander of the PNG Defence Force has confessed to fears that, "we are setting the stage for another Bougainville crisis in the Southern Highlands". SBS Australia – Ref. 4828 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
Views: 3265 Journeyman Pictures
Report Launch, “Natural Resource Revenue Sharing”
 
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The Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) are pleased to launch the report “Natural Resource Revenue Sharing”. The report gives an overview of resource revenue sharing mechanisms around the world and provides advice to policymakers establishing or reforming their systems. We invite you to attend a short presentation of the key findings, followed by an informal roundtable discussion. The discussion will focus on whether these systems can help address the ‘resource curse’ and what the international community can do to improve their performance. In nearly every country, subnational governments receive public funds, either through direct tax collection or through intergovernmental transfers. However, in more than 30 countries, such as Bolivia, Indonesia, Nigeria and Papua New Guinea, distribution of non-renewable natural resource revenues to subnational authorities is governed by a set of rules that are distinct from the rules governing distribution of non-resource revenues. While these systems can promote economic development and help mitigate or even prevent violent conflict in resource-rich regions, they can also generate perverse incentives for transforming natural resource wealth into wellbeing. They can exacerbate boom-bust cycles and regional inequalities. Worse, depending on how they are designed and implemented, they can intensify violent conflict rather than alleviating it. The central question that will be discussed is: What policies are more or less likely to improve the quality of public spending, compensate regions negatively affected by extractive activities, address local claims in resource-rich regions, and help mitigate conflict? We will focus on emerging or evolving systems in conflict states, including the DRC, Iraq, Libya and Myanmar. Breakfast will be served from 9 AM. About the presenters: Andrew Bauer is Senior Economic Analyst at NRGI. He focuses on economic technical assistance and research to improve natural resource revenue management. His work includes advising governments, parliaments and civil society on macroeconomic management, public finance, and governance and accountability mechanisms in the extractives. Sofi Halling is a Policy Analyst in UNDP. She is currently working in UNDPs Oslo Governance Centre, with a special focus on developing applicable research and policy advice on Governance of Extractive Industries in regions / countries emerging out of conflict.
TEDxOrangeCoast - Richard Matthew - Natural Resources for Peacebuilding
 
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Mankind has created borders that evolved through time. Richard Matthew explores how are borders really frontiers inviting exploration and innovation. Richard Matthew, Ph.D., is a professor at the University of California Irvine and the founding director of the Center for Unconventional Security Affairs (www.cusa.uci.edu). He spends much of his time in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, studying how environmental stress contributes to violent conflict and other types of crisis. For several years he has worked closely with the United Nations to integrate natural resource management and climate change adaptation into peace-building efforts, participating in various field assessments and directing one in Sierra Leone. He teaches courses on sustainability and social enterprise. About TEDx. TEDx was created in the spirit of TED's mission, "ideas worth spreading." The program is designed to give communities, organizations and individuals the opportunity to stimulate dialogue through TED-like experiences at the local level. At TEDx events, a screening of TEDTalks videos -- or a combination of live presenters and TEDTalks videos -- sparks deep conversation and connections. TEDx events are fully planned and coordinated independently, on a community-by-community basis.
Views: 6738 TEDx Talks
South Sudan may be heading towards genocide
 
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The nightmare civil war in South Sudan, explained Subscribe to our channel! http://goo.gl/0bsAjO Widespread ethnic cleansing, burning villages, looming starvation, and gang rape “so prevalent that it’s become ‘normal.’” This is what UN experts found when they took a 10-day trip to the African country of South Sudan in late November. Now they’re sounding the alarm, warning that South Sudan, the world’s newest country, is “on the brink of catastrophe” that could rival the horrors of the 1994 Rwandan genocide. In that conflict, some 800,000 people were slaughtered in the span of just 100 days while the international community watched, unable or unwilling to stop the bloodshed. Former President Bill Clinton has called his decision not to intervene one of the biggest regrets of his presidency. Read more: http://www.vox.com/world/2016/12/8/13817072/south-sudan-crisis-ethnic-cleansing-genocide-rwanda Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com to get up to speed on everything from Kurdistan to the Kim Kardashian app. Check out our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE Follow Vox on Twitter: http://goo.gl/XFrZ5H Or on Facebook: http://goo.gl/U2g06o
Views: 1022104 Vox
Public Panel - Conflicts over Water, Land and Food: Prevention and Responses
 
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Water and land are key natural resources that shape billions of peoples’ livelihoods, food security, wellbeing and identity. The equitable and peaceful management of water and land is an increasingly challenging task due to a multitude of factors such as resource degradation, climate change, population growth and violent conflict that can exacerbate vulnerabilities. Multi-faceted policies and practices that combine approaches from development, peacebuilding and human rights in a complementary and mutually reinforcing way present potential for preventing both structural and direct violence. This event will discuss the potential of land, food and water as instruments of peace in preventing conflicts and building peace in emergency situations. 18:00-19:30 World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Avenue de la Paix 7bis, Geneva. 2nd floor, De Mello Room Auditorium.
Views: 59 Geneva Water Hub
The Resource Curse and Gender Inequality
 
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This is an introductory video about the phenomenon known as the resource curse and how this could be a stronger indicator of gender inequality in the middle east than Islamic traditions. References and further reading: Anker, R. 1997. Theories of occupational segregation by sex: An overview. Int'l Lab. Rev., 136 p. 315. Bannon, I. and Collier, P. 2003. Natural resources and conflict: What we can do. Natural resources and violent conflict: Options and actions, pp. 1--16. Broad, R. 1995. The Political Economy of Natural Resources: Cases of the Indonesian and Philippine Forest Sectors. Journal of Developing Areas, 29 (3), pp. 317-339. Corden, W. M. and Neary, J. P. 1982. Booming sector and de-industrialisation in a small open economy. The economic journal, pp. 825--848. Davis, G. A. and Tilton, J. E. 2005. The resource curse. 29 (3), pp. 233--242. Inglehart, R. and Norris, P. 2003. Rising tide. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Karl, T. L. 1997. The paradox of plenty. Berkeley: University of California Press. Lerner, D. 1958. The passing of traditional society: modernizing the Middle East. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press. Mitra, P. 1994. Adjustment in oil-importing developing countries. New York, N.Y.: Cambridge University Press. Ross, M. 2004. How Do Natural Resources Influence Civil War? Evidence From 13 Cases. International Organisation, 58 (1), pp. 35-68. Ross, M. L. 2001. Does oil hinder democracy?. World politics, 53 (3), pp. 325--361. Ross, M. L. 2008. Oil, Islam, and women. American Political Science Review, 102 (01), pp. 107--123. Rosser, A. 2006. The political economy of the resource curse. Brighton: University of Sussex. Institute of development studies (IDS). Stanford, J. 2012. A Cure for Dutch Disease: Active Sector Strategies for Canada's Economy. Torvik, R. 2002. Natural resources, rent seeking and welfare. Journal of development economics, 67 (2), pp. 455--470. Background Music Information: Song Name: One Day Album: Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End Label: Walt Disney Producer: Hans Zimmer No copyright infringement is intended
Views: 1646 Aonghus Carey
The Power of Local Natural Resource Governance in Conflict Contexts part 1
 
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Environmental Change and Security Program "Top-down government programs and top-down government policies and actions like protected areas" are not the only solutions to effective natural resource management (NRM), said Florida International University's David Bray, but "neither is community-based conservation...There are no panaceas. There's no universal remedy." Bray presented an overview of the links between NRM and conflict at a February 28, 2008, event sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP) that examined how local NRM efforts can strengthen local governance and help prevent violent conflict from erupting. The event was the second in ECSP's "New Horizons at the Nexus of Conflict, Natural Resources, and Health" meeting series, which is funded jointly by USAID's Office of Natural Resources Management, its Office of Population and Reproductive Health, and its Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation, with technical support from USAID's Asia and Near East and Africa bureaus. Panelists: Kent Glenzer, David Bray, Maksha Maharjan, Masego Madzwamuse
Views: 434 WoodrowWilsonCenter
The Power of Local Natural Resource Governance in Conflict Contexts part 2
 
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Environmental Change and Security Program "Top-down government programs and top-down government policies and actions like protected areas" are not the only solutions to effective natural resource management (NRM), said Florida International University's David Bray, but "neither is community-based conservation...There are no panaceas. There's no universal remedy." Bray presented an overview of the links between NRM and conflict at a February 28, 2008, event sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP) that examined how local NRM efforts can strengthen local governance and help prevent violent conflict from erupting. The event was the second in ECSP's "New Horizons at the Nexus of Conflict, Natural Resources, and Health" meeting series, which is funded jointly by USAID's Office of Natural Resources Management, its Office of Population and Reproductive Health, and its Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation, with technical support from USAID's Asia and Near East and Africa bureaus. Panelists: Kent Glenzer, David Bray, Maksha Maharjan, Masego Madzwamuse
Views: 299 WoodrowWilsonCenter
Natural Resources: Plunder or Peace (part 3)
 
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January 12, 2010 - Billions of dollars from illegal logging in South East Asia and from the illicit sale of blood minerals in Africa fuel wars and adversely impact millions every year, as violent competition for strategic resources contributes to civil unrest in many parts of the world. Even though the mismanagement of natural resources lies at the heart of many of these conflicts, the sustainable and equitable use of petroleum, mineral and agricultural resources could help prevent conflict and promote lasting peace. The violence and consequent underdevelopment are facilitated by a complex political-economy that rewards a few and impoverishes the vast majority of the citizens in these countries. Reversing this trend will require sustained efforts to improve resource management and dismantle illicit political and commercial relationships. This event will examine the underpinnings of resource management in resource rich, conflict-prone states and explore options for strategies that could break the cycle of violence and lay the foundation for sustainable economic development. Paul Collier will use findings from his upcoming book "The Plundered Planet: Why We Must--and How We Can--Manage Nature for Global Prosperity" to analyze challenges facing these countries and outline strategies for domestic and international actors. Nancy Birdsall, president of the Center for Global Development, will respond to Collier's remarks and provide a practitioner's perspective based on examples from recent research. This event, hosted by USIP's Center for Sustainable Economies and Jennings Randolph Fellowship Program, builds on USIPs on-going efforts to analyze the conflict-development nexus and investigate innovative strategies for lasting peace and sustainable development in resource-rich developing countries. Speakers * Paul Collier, Director, Centre of African Economies, Oxford University * Nancy Birdsall, President, Center for Global Development * Raymond Gilpin, Moderator, Director, Center for Sustainable Economies, United States Institute of Peace
Sustainability and Conflict in the Developing World (Renard Sexston)
 
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Renard Sexton - Project Coordinator, Fundacion Futuro Latinoamericano (Quito, Ecuador); International Affairs Columnist, FiveThirtyEight (New York Times) There is a growing body of academic, applied and journalistic research that points to a strong relationship between natural resources and conflict in the developing world. Whether attributed to a 'resource curse' in the case of high value, extractable natural resources, or 'scarcity and competition' over water, land, fisheries and other resources, it is clear that natural resources and the environment, because of their importance to human survival, are an important contributor to and victim of violent conflict. While there are many strategies for analyzing and transforming these sorts of conflicts in the short and medium term, such as negotiations and settlements over specific resources, external interventions that award control over resources, international boycotts of resources funding conflict, etc., sustainability and sustainable development have emerged as a potential key aspect of long term strategies. This talk will analyze, at a very practical level as well as in theory, where this has been and could be successful and where it will likely fall short.
Views: 574 CUSAatUCI
Strategic Interests and Interstate Conflict
 
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In the fourth installment of the Global Resource Nexus Series, Senior Fellow Geoffrey Kemp analyzes prospects for violent interstate disputes over natural resources. He discusses the role new rising geopolitical powers, a growing global middle class, and climate change will play in raising the risk of conflicts over resources, specifically minerals, fish, oils, gas, and fresh water.
Views: 494 GermanMarshallFund
Environmental Protection, Security and Armed Conflict
 
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BOOK REVIEW ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, SECURITY AND ARMED CONFLICT A Sustainable Development Perspective By Onita Das Edward Elgar Publishing Limited ISBN: 978 1 78100 467 8 www.e-elgar.com TOWARD DEVELOPING A LEGAL ANALYSIS OF WAR AND THE ENVIRONMENT An appreciation by Phillip Taylor MBE and Elizabeth Taylor of Richmond Green Chambers This thoughtful, analytical and scholarly monograph encapsulates and examines the ramifications of the vast amount of research carried out by Onita Das on the dual considerations of sustainability and armed conflict. The appearance of this book published by Edward Elgar in 2012 reflects a growing awareness worldwide that environmental damage and armed conflict are inextricably linked. As Professor Duncan French mentions in the Foreword, environmental harm is increasingly recognized as both a consequence and a cause of military conflicts; the most commonplace example being resource scarcity. You could extrapolate from this argument of course, that resource scarcity is a more potent cause of human conflict than, for example, ideological or religious differences between communities. Whether you are comfortable with this view or not, this book, the result of massive and painstaking research, offers ample evidence which supports the author's basic thesis that environmental security must be actively sustained as a bulwark, so to speak, against the continuation and escalation of human conflict worldwide. 'Environmental pressures,' explains Das, 'can, in some circumstances cause violent of armed conflict and such conflict can in turn, cause devastating damage and destruction to the environment.' This 'vicious circle,' she adds, creates a number of consequences not the least of which is the pressure and the damage that can 'often extend beyond the territories of conflict-affected states, threatening the lives and livelihoods of people across communities and borders'. The aspect of war and armed conflict in environmental studies, as Das points out, 'has not received the attention it deserves,' a matter which this book seeks to address -- and does so quite convincingly in our view, citing a number of illuminating case studies along the way. Because of its subject matter, the recent appearance of this book is certainly timely and worthy of close scrutiny, especially by those involved professionally in this complex area; academics and postgraduate students obviously, as well as policy-makers and yes, environmental lawyers. Environmental researchers especially, will appreciate the book's extensive footnoting and the literally hundreds of references for further reading contained therein. The book also provides a listing of relevant abbreviations, tables of cases and legislation and an index at the back which aids navigation and ease of use. As the subtitle indicates, this book certainly provides a research-based and thought- provoking perspective on sustainable development in a truly international context.
Views: 140 Phillip Taylor
Natural Resources: Plunder or Peace (part 1)
 
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January 12, 2010 - Billions of dollars from illegal logging in South East Asia and from the illicit sale of blood minerals in Africa fuel wars and adversely impact millions every year, as violent competition for strategic resources contributes to civil unrest in many parts of the world. Even though the mismanagement of natural resources lies at the heart of many of these conflicts, the sustainable and equitable use of petroleum, mineral and agricultural resources could help prevent conflict and promote lasting peace. The violence and consequent underdevelopment are facilitated by a complex political-economy that rewards a few and impoverishes the vast majority of the citizens in these countries. Reversing this trend will require sustained efforts to improve resource management and dismantle illicit political and commercial relationships. This event will examine the underpinnings of resource management in resource rich, conflict-prone states and explore options for strategies that could break the cycle of violence and lay the foundation for sustainable economic development. Paul Collier will use findings from his upcoming book "The Plundered Planet: Why We Must--and How We Can--Manage Nature for Global Prosperity" to analyze challenges facing these countries and outline strategies for domestic and international actors. Nancy Birdsall, president of the Center for Global Development, will respond to Collier's remarks and provide a practitioner's perspective based on examples from recent research. This event, hosted by USIP's Center for Sustainable Economies and Jennings Randolph Fellowship Program, builds on USIPs on-going efforts to analyze the conflict-development nexus and investigate innovative strategies for lasting peace and sustainable development in resource-rich developing countries. Speakers: * Paul Collier, Director, Centre of African Economies, Oxford University * Nancy Birdsall, President, Center for Global Development * Raymond Gilpin, Moderator, Director, Center for Sustainable Economies, United States Institute of Peace
Natural Resources: Plunder or Peace (part 2)
 
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January 12, 2010 - Billions of dollars from illegal logging in South East Asia and from the illicit sale of blood minerals in Africa fuel wars and adversely impact millions every year, as violent competition for strategic resources contributes to civil unrest in many parts of the world. Even though the mismanagement of natural resources lies at the heart of many of these conflicts, the sustainable and equitable use of petroleum, mineral and agricultural resources could help prevent conflict and promote lasting peace. The violence and consequent underdevelopment are facilitated by a complex political-economy that rewards a few and impoverishes the vast majority of the citizens in these countries. Reversing this trend will require sustained efforts to improve resource management and dismantle illicit political and commercial relationships. This event will examine the underpinnings of resource management in resource rich, conflict-prone states and explore options for strategies that could break the cycle of violence and lay the foundation for sustainable economic development. Paul Collier will use findings from his upcoming book "The Plundered Planet: Why We Must--and How We Can--Manage Nature for Global Prosperity" to analyze challenges facing these countries and outline strategies for domestic and international actors. Nancy Birdsall, president of the Center for Global Development, will respond to Collier's remarks and provide a practitioner's perspective based on examples from recent research. This event, hosted by USIP's Center for Sustainable Economies and Jennings Randolph Fellowship Program, builds on USIPs on-going efforts to analyze the conflict-development nexus and investigate innovative strategies for lasting peace and sustainable development in resource-rich developing countries. Speakers: * Paul Collier, Director, Centre of African Economies, Oxford University * Nancy Birdsall, President, Center for Global Development * Raymond Gilpin, Moderator, Director, Center for Sustainable Economies, United States Institute of Peace
Congo, My Precious. The Curse of the coltan mines in Congo
 
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Watch more https://rtd.rt.com/tags/illegal-mining/ The Democratic Republic of Congo in Africa is one of the world’s most resource-rich countries. A wide range of rare minerals can be found here in abundance, all commanding high prices in world commodity markets. Diamonds for jewellery, tantalum, tungsten and gold for electronics; uranium used in power generation and weaponry and many others. Congo has copious deposits of raw materials that are in high demand internationally but remains one of the poorest countries in the world. From colonisation, with the horrors of slavery and other atrocities, to a turbulent and equally brutal present in which militant groups control the mines, Congo’s richness in natural resources has brought nothing but misery. Referred to as “conflict minerals”, these riches leave only a trail of death, destruction and poverty. Under Belgian rule, Congolese labourers were often required to meet quotas when mining different minerals. Failure could mean punishment by having a hand cut off with a machete. The country gained independence in 1960, but that didn’t put a stop to slave and child labour or to crimes being committed to extract and exploit the minerals. Warring militant fractions from inside the country and beyond seized control of mines for their own benefit while terrorising local populations. For our translator, Bernard Kalume Buleri, his country’s history of turmoil is very personal; like most Congolese people, he and his family fell victim to the unending mineral based power struggle. Born in the year of his country’s independence, he has lived through war and seen his homeland torn apart by violent looting and greed. His story is a damning testament, illustrating how nature’s bounty, instead of being a blessing, becomes a deadly curse. SUBSCRIBE TO RTD Channel to get documentaries firsthand! http://bit.ly/1MgFbVy FOLLOW US RTD WEBSITE: https://RTD.rt.com/ RTD ON TWITTER: http://twitter.com/RT_DOC RTD ON FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/RTDocumentary RTD ON DAILYMOTION http://www.dailymotion.com/rt_doc RTD ON INSTAGRAM https://www.instagram.com/rtd_documentary_channel/ RTD LIVE https://rtd.rt.com/on-air/
Views: 757529 RT Documentary
Sustainability and Conflict in the Developing World
 
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A CUSA Sustainability Seminar delivered by Renard Sexton on April 13, 2011. Renard Sexton is the Project Coordinator, Fundacion Futuro Latinoamericano (Quito, Ecuador) and is an International Affairs Columnist, FiveThirtyEight (New York Times). There is a growing body of academic, applied and journalistic research that points to a strong relationship between natural resources and conflict in the developing world. Whether attributed to a 'resource curse' in the case of high value, extractable natural resources, or 'scarcity and competition' over water, land, fisheries and other resources, it is clear that natural resources and the environment, because of their importance to human survival, are an important contributor to and victim of violent conflict. While there are many strategies for analyzing and transforming these sorts of conflicts in the short and medium term, such as negotiations and settlements over specific resources, external interventions that award control over resources, international boycotts of resources funding conflict, etc., sustainability and sustainable development have emerged as a potential key aspect of long term strategies. This talk will analyze, at a very practical level as well as in theory, where this has been and could be successful and where it will likely fall short.
Views: 75 UCI Open
Everyday violence in new resource frontier
 
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As a region rich in natural resources Indonesian Kalimantan is undergoing a massive transformation and its resources are exploited more rapidly than ever. The capitalist penetrations have led to the creation of incredibly large mono-cropping plantations (such as rubber and palm oil), and in an amazing pace. Mining, logging and carbon storage in the area has also rapidly intensified. Looking at the present condition of Kalimantan, it can be concluded that it has quickly been developed into a large ‘new frontier’ region, with all the related characteristics that apply for the definition of new frontiers, including violence. Studies that have been conducted in so-called frontier areas are often focusing on the relation between natural resource (nature and quantity) and the emergence of violence and conflict. Consequently, often these studies limit their scope to the conflict and violence that arises in a large-scale, such as civil war or communal or ethnic violence. This tendency not only put other forms of violence in the shadow but also makes our understanding of violence in frontier regions incomplete. The fact is, that violence in frontier areas not always appears in a large-scale. Rather, it might also emerge in smaller forms, in the everyday life of the community or it also manifests itself in an invisible form, in a sense that it routinely appears and as such is no longer considered as violence any longer, at least by the community members. An example of this kind of violence is vigilante-lynching and brawl. The present study is specifically focusing on the role of everyday violence in the competition over natural resources in frontier areas and the extent to which these forms of violence are of influence on the way that conflicts over natural resources turn into violent situations.
Environment, conflict & peacebuilding: a personal journey of change within the UN
 
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While the links between natural resources, conflict and peace are well understood within the academic community, the UN system has been slow to respond to the risks and opportunities in a comprehensive way. A combination of geo-political interests, sovereignty concerns, and other diplomatic barriers have largely undermined reforms across the UN and prevented a coherent response at the field level. However, with the appointment of the new Secretary General and his emphasis on conflict prevention, the UN is changing its perspectives on the environment, conflict and peacebuilding. David Jensen, Head of the Environmental Cooperation for Peacebuilding (ECP) Initiative at the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), has been working on this topic within the UN system for the last decade and will share lessons learned and personal insights on progress, disappointments and the challenges that lie ahead. Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford www.oxfordmartin.ox.ac.uk
Richard Matthew - Community Led Approaches to Natural Resources and Peacebuilding
 
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"After 20 years of peacebuilding experimentation, one of the good signs is that the countries receiving this [peacebuilding] attention...more and more are shaping the process," said Professor Richard Matthew, director of the Center for Unconventional Security Affairs at the University of California, Irvine. Peacebuilding is shifting, he said, from internationals going in with pre-existing conceptions of "what you need for stability and development, what will make you attractive to investors, what will make your people secure," to instead sitting down and talking with stakeholders about "what types of capacity do you need, and how can we support you in acquiring those." Read the full post on New Security Beat: http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2012/04/richard-matthew-responsive.html
Africa: War is Business (engl.titl)
 
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Africa: War is Business reveals how war economies come into being in Africa, and how they are maintained. The film investigates the causes and effects of these economies, and where we as Western consumers fit into the equation. The film follows Prince Jaime de Bourbon de Parme, son of Princess Irene of the Netherlands, as he travels through Sierra Leone, Liberia and Congo looking for the cause of these wars in Africa and the role the continent's natural resources play in creating conflict. He wonders how countries so rich in these resources could be so overwhelmed by poverty. In Afrika: Oorlog is Business reist Jaime de Bourbon Parme, specialist in conflictpreventie, door Sierra Leone, Liberia en Congo. Hij gaat op zoek naar de oorzaak van oorlogen in Afrika. Hij vraagt zich af hoe het kan dat deze landen zo rijk aan grondstoffen, nog steeds overheerst worden door armoede en onderzoekt de rol die de natuurlijke rijkdommen spelen bij het ontstaan van conflicten. Jaime de Bourbon Parme bezoekt de diamantvelden in de binnenlanden van Sierra Leone, spreekt met diamantzoekers en diamanthandelaren, met chiefs in Kono ( een van de diamantgebieden) en ministers in de hoofstad Freetown. In Monrovia, Liberia ontmoet hij de voormalige rebellenleider Sekou Konneh (de leider van de LURD) en gaat hij met VN expert Tommy Garnett naar de deels kapotgeschoten haven van Monrovia om te kijken hoe het exportembargo op tropisch hout wordt gehandhaafd. Hij bezoekt de tweede haven van Liberia, Buchanan, waar vandaan illegaal hout gexporteerd en wapens ingevoerd werden en gaat naar de houtkapgebieden in het binnenland van Liberia. In Noord- Oost Congo, een gebied waar nog steeds een oorlog woedt en rebellengroeperingen actief zijn , gaat hij op nachtpatrouille met Marokkaanse VN troepen en bezoekt hij de goudmijn in Mongbwalu. Achtergrond. Het hout uit Liberia, de diamanten in Siera Leone en het goud en kobalt uit Congo spelen een belangrijke rol tijdens interne oorlogsvoering. Ze vormen een belangrijke bron van inkomsten voor de machthebbers EN rebellen. Een eerlijke behandeling van de arbeiders of een gelijke verdeling onder de bevolking ontbreekt. Binnen dit proces speelt de internationale consumentenmarkt een grote rol. Want de wegen waar we over rijden, de telefoon waarmee we bellen en de ring waarmee we ons huwelijk bezegelen; het zijn allemaal producten vervaardigt met behulp van de grondstoffen uit Afrika. De relatie tussen de oorlogseconomieën en het Westen wordt daarom onder de loep genomen. In de documentaire komen ooggetuigen, arbeiders en prominente leiders aan het woord. Onder andere wordt gesproken met Daniel Chea (Minister of Defence Liberia en de voormalige rechterhand van rebellenleider Charles Taylor), Alfred Brownell (advocaat in Liberia), security guards werkzaam bij het bedrijf OTC van de wegens wapenhandel veroordeelde Nederlandse zakenman Guus Kouwenhoven, UN expert Tommy Garnett, Generaal-majoor Patrick Cammaert (VN commandant Oost Congo) en Zainab Bangura (GM Nat. Accountability Group Sierra Leone)
Views: 190326 dutchfilmdirector
Presence of rich minerals and conflict in Democratic Republic of the Congo ESSP Assignment Dieudonne
 
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Presence of rich minerals and conflict in Democratic Republic of the Congo Conflict in Congo has become to termed as the War of Resources (Nzongola: 2005). Countries rich in minerals such as cobalt, coltan, cassiterite, copper, and gold are often marred by corruption, authoritarian repression, militarization, and civil war. Rebel groups, governments and mining companies exploit mineral resources, fueling civil and interstate conflict as players vie for control over riches. Countries such as the Democratic Republic of Congo have fallen victim to rebels who use revenue from minerals such as diamonds, coltan and cassiterite to purchase arms and fuel conflict. Governments often establish repressive military regimes in mineral producing regions to protect their "national interests," but local populations rarely see the profits and are subjected to environmental damage wrought by corporations. Like Angola and Sierraleaone, Congo has suffered for the presence of rich minerals in the country. If not for the presence of minerals in Congo, Leopold and Belguim could never have occupied the country in the first instance, rebel groups and multi national corporations couldn't have done what they did and still do, and there would never have been interference by neighbouring states in the affairs of Congo. Therefore, the problem of Congo lies in the fact that it is richly endowed with minerals. Congo is awash with gold, diamonds and metals such as cassiterite and coltan used to weld small pieces together in electronics. The conflict in eastern Congo is being fueled and funded by a tussle for mineral resources that end up in cell phones, laptops and other electronics-- deepening the stakes in a war that sprung out of festering hatreds from the Rwandan genocide. Rebel militias and Congolese army troops are fighting each other for control of mineral-rich land. They can then sell the raw materials they mine and use the proceeds to fund their activities and arms -- which prolongs the conflict. Many analysts say that the heart of conflict is the struggle for minerals. "In some ways (mineral exploitation) has become the means and the ends of the conflict," said Jennifer Cooke, the director of the Africa program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in New York. There's virtually no government control over the eastern Congo and much of the conflict. There is a scramble at the local level and at the regional level for access to land and the minerals underneath them. Over the years, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has faced a problem of natural resource management. The continual exploitation and lack of effective management has led to the perpetuation of ongoing conflict and instability throughout the country, but most notably in the Eastern provinces. It is feared that without international recognition and domestic pressure to curb the ongoing exploitation, the DRC's future will be one that is trapped in a vicious cycle of human rights abuses and conflict. While these practices should be addressed, it is more crucial to look at the manner in which natural resource control has been manipulated and used by warlords and governments as a means to sustain violent conflict. For instance, in the late nineties in the district of Ituri it was discovered that the ability of the warlords to continue their violent actions was supported and financed by the exploitation of gold from the area. This example is indicative of a wider trend throughout Congo whereby armed groups are fighting for control of resources for material gain and the financing of continued armed conflict. Therefore like most scholars and analysts agree, the primary cause of the Congo conflict lies in the struggle by different sects to exploit and manage natural resources (minerals). This causal factor goes back to 1888s during the era of Leopold and Belguim colonial occupation to the nineties that witness the partition and plunder by neighboring states of Uganda and Rwanda. (Assignment for the ESSP Course, submitted by Dieudonne Amisi, March 2018)
Water, Conflict, and Peacebuilding in Development: Lessons for Practitioners (Toolkit Launch)
 
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Join us for the launch of USAID's Water and Conflict Toolkit for Programming, a document designed to help development practitioners gain a deeper understanding of the forces driving violence and instability related to water. Written by USAID's Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation, the Wilson Center, and Group W Inc., the toolkit provides guidance to development professionals not familiar with water and conflict dynamics, with the aim of developing more strategic and focused interventions. To discuss how the toolkit resonates with their experiences is a bevy of water experts: Gidon Bromberg, 2008 TIME Magazine Environmental Hero and two-time recipient of the Skoll Award for Social Entrepreneurship; Geoffrey Dabelko, Director of the Voinovich School's Environmental Studies Program at Ohio University and Senior Advisor to ECSP; Chris Kosnik, director of USAID's Office of Water and a long-time development practitioner; Sandra Ruckstuhl, co-author of the toolkit and development and conflict expert; and Aaron Wolf, a renowned expert on transboundary water resources and political conflict and cooperation. Panelists will discuss what needs further investigation to inform this kind of programmatic strategy, the challenges in this field of study, and how the toolkit addresses those shortfalls.
Views: 1563 WoodrowWilsonCenter
Saleem Ali - The Evolution of Transboundary Peace Parks
 
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"Traditionally, natural resources have been thought of as a source of conflict...but what we've been trying to do is look at the other side of the story, which is that natural resources, in terms of their quality, can create that impulse for conservation and cooperation," said Saleem Ali, professor of environmental studies and director of the Institute for Environmental Diplomacy and Security at the University of Vermont, while speaking at the Wilson Center. This narrative around peace parks or transboundary conservation areas that are used for peacebuilding is a relatively recent field of research, said Ali. "It's one thing to have a protected area on a border and have cooperation between friendly parties -- like the U.S. and Canada," he said, "and it's a totally different thing to explore this in areas where there's a history of protracted violent conflict." Read the full post on New Security Beat: http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2012/04/eye-on-peacemakers-or-exclusion-zones.html
Extractives, Equity and Conflict: Lessons from work at local, national and international levels
 
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Researchers have documented that dependence on exploitation of natural resources "substantially increases the risk of civil war." This is the curse of plenty. However, this does not have to be the case. Oil, gas, and minerals exploitation can fuel equitable development and help people raise themselves from poverty. Poorly managed exploitation of these valuable natural resources and inequitable appropriation of the enormous wealth they generate can mire a country in poverty and exacerbate underlying inequalities which can fuel corruption and violent conflict. In too many developing countries, people living near the extractive industry operations see little benefit from the extraction of this national wealth. Instead they bear a disproportionate share of the costs: environmental contamination and health risks, degraded livelihood security, ruptured social fabric and conflict (Extractives and Equity: An Introductory Overview and Case Studies from Peru, Angola and Nigeria (2011) Edited by Tom Bamat, Aaron Chassy and Rees Warne, CRS page 1). Panel members will discuss trends and lessons learned in work on equity and the impacts of extractives industries (oil, gas and mining) in developing countries and will particularly highlight the effects on conflict. Rees Warne (Catholic Relief Services) will draw on recent research sponsored by Catholic Relief Services to discuss actions being taken by civil society organizations, communities and the Catholic Church in resource-rich countries to reduce negative impacts and increase local benefits from extractive companies' operations. Prof. Peter Rosenblum (Columbia Law School) will situate the focus on conflict minerals within the larger international movements on natural resource exploitation and address the need for integrating the conflict mineral discussion with other work on the mining sector in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Isabel Munilla (US Publish What You Pay coalition) will discuss legal frameworks with international reach that aim to improve transparency of oil, gas and mining revenues paid to governments as a step towards increasing government accountability for the spending of national natural resource wealth.
Views: 252 Kyle Cote
Natural Resources and Security - Dr. Raymond Gilpin
 
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Due to conflicts, African countries have lost billions of dollars—both in potential foreign direct investments and opportunity costs—which has kept populations in dire poverty, paving the ground for perpetual unrest, according to the Africa Center's Dean, Dr. Raymond Gilpin, who urged rising security sector leaders to set the conditions for economic development. Peace and security are critical to spur economic growth in African countries, and security-sector leaders should take the lead to help provide a safe environment for business in their countries, said Dr. Gilpin, Dean of the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS). He spoke at the three-week Next Generation of African Security Sector leaders (Next Gen) Program outside of Washington, D.C., which included 60 participants from 40 African nations. "When there is instability, foreign investment dries and cost of doing business in the country goes up," Dr. Gilpin said in his October 28, 2013, presentation. "For a country to really take full advantage of its natural resources, it needs a security environment that is conducive to both business and citizens' safety, something that can only be provided by a credible security sector."
Key Elements for a Stable Pakistan
 
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Terrorism, stagnant economic growth and a population in which two-thirds of citizens are under 30 contribute to an array of complex issues facing Pakistan. Despite some political and economic progress, these factors hinder the ability of leaders to focus on long-term regional questions such as broader security and shrinking natural resources. Join the U.S. Institute of Peace on May 1 as former Pakistani Finance Minister Shahid Javed Burki and other experts discuss economic, demographic, climate and security challenges in Pakistan and their implications for U.S. policy. Connect with us! Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=usinstituteofpeace Twitter: https://twitter.com/USIP Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/usinstituteofpeace/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/usipeace/ LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/united-states-institute-of-peace Newsletters: http://www.usip.org/sign-usip-updates The United States Institute of Peace works to prevent, mitigate, and resolve violent conflict around the world. USIP does this by engaging directly in conflict zones and by providing analysis, education, and resources to those working for peace. Created by Congress in 1984 as an independent, nonpartisan, federally funded organization, USIP’s more than 300 staff work at the Institute’s D.C. headquarters, and on the ground in the world’s most dangerous regions.
Land Tenure and Property Policies in East Africa
 
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Project on Leadership and Building State Capacity Africa Program Environmental Change and Security Program "Insecure land tenure and property rights and the inequitable access to land and natural assets are two of the leading triggers of violent conflict, population displacement, the over-exploitation of natural resources, and political instability throughout eastern Africa," asserted Peter Hetz of ARD, Inc. at "Land Tenure and Property Policies in East Africa," an event co-sponsored by the Environmental Change and Security Program and the Africa Program on April 23, 2008. Hetz and USAID's Gregory Myers explored how imprecise or inequitable systems of land tenure and property rights have helped precipitate conflict in Northern Uganda, Kenya, and Southern Sudan, and warned that lack of attention to these crucial issues will foster further violence in those volatile countries. For example, Myers called the Kenyan government's push to quickly resettle people displaced by the recent violence without addressing the causes "a recipe for disaster." Event speakers: Peter Hetz, Gregory Myers
Views: 1275 WoodrowWilsonCenter
SID-W 2014 Annual Conference - The Struggle for Land & Resource Rights
 
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SID-Washington Annual Conference - Panel 3 - The Struggle for Land and Resource Rights As the ever-increasing competition over land, water, and other natural resources heightens the risk of violent conflict around the world, land and resource rights security is becoming a higher priority for development agencies than in the past. What are the main drivers of land conflict today at sub-regional, national, or more local jurisdictional or landscape scales? What are the most effective ways of addressing them to mitigate conflict or prevent it from arising in the first place? What do the various development sectors have to teach us about tackling this multifaceted issue? Moderator: Marc Cassidy, Director of Governance, Pact Speakers: Solange Bandiaky-Badji, Africa Program Director, Rights and Resources Initiative Tiernan Mennen, Director, South America, Chemonics International Michael Roth, Senior Associate and Director of the Land Tenure and Property Rights Sector, Tetra Tech Lead: Shari Bush, Environment Workgroup Co-Chair, SID-Washington
Views: 68 SID Washington
UN Private Sector Forum - Ren Hongbin
 
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Violent conflict and instability disrupt markets and societies, and the scale of current humanitarian crises is unparalleled. In our deeply interconnected world, violent conflicts have global impacts and cannot be overlooked by any sector of society. Rising inequalities, rampant corruption, increased competition for scarce natural resources and climate change cause tensions that can accelerate the fragmentation of societies, exacerbate current conflict and create new ones. H.E. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres calls for "a holistic approach which prioritizes prevention, and addresses the root causes of conflict by integrating peace, sustainable development and human rights." The Sustainable Development Goals are deeply related to peace, as they are both precursors to and a result of it. Although the primary responsibility for peace and security rests with Governments, businesses play a key role in ensuring that they do no harm and in and contributing to, and investing in, sustainable development and peace. For companies, violence anywhere can undermine stable operations and disrupt global supply chains. When businesses work together with other stakeholders to support peace and address the underlying causes of instability, they can mitigate risks to their companies, prevent negative impacts, and also help ensure long-term financial performance. Constructive multi-stakeholder dialogue and collaboration between governments, the private sector and civil society are pre-requisites for comprehensive solutions that are required to build the foundation for achieving and sustaining peace and attaining the Global Goals. The 2018 UN Private Sector Forum: Building and Investing in Peace will provide an opportunity for key Heads of State and UN Principals to join business leaders at the table in the context of the broader Nelson Mandela Peace Summit. - Mr. Ren Hongbin, Chairman, China National Machinery Industry Corporation (SINOMACH)
UN Private Sector Forum - Closing Remarks
 
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Violent conflict and instability disrupt markets and societies, and the scale of current humanitarian crises is unparalleled. In our deeply interconnected world, violent conflicts have global impacts and cannot be overlooked by any sector of society. Rising inequalities, rampant corruption, increased competition for scarce natural resources and climate change cause tensions that can accelerate the fragmentation of societies, exacerbate current conflict and create new ones. H.E. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres calls for "a holistic approach which prioritizes prevention, and addresses the root causes of conflict by integrating peace, sustainable development and human rights." The Sustainable Development Goals are deeply related to peace, as they are both precursors to and a result of it. Although the primary responsibility for peace and security rests with Governments, businesses play a key role in ensuring that they do no harm and in and contributing to, and investing in, sustainable development and peace. For companies, violence anywhere can undermine stable operations and disrupt global supply chains. When businesses work together with other stakeholders to support peace and address the underlying causes of instability, they can mitigate risks to their companies, prevent negative impacts, and also help ensure long-term financial performance. Constructive multi-stakeholder dialogue and collaboration between governments, the private sector and civil society are pre-requisites for comprehensive solutions that are required to build the foundation for achieving and sustaining peace and attaining the Global Goals. The 2018 UN Private Sector Forum: Building and Investing in Peace will provide an opportunity for key Heads of State and UN Principals to join business leaders at the table in the context of the broader Nelson Mandela Peace Summit.
UN Private Sector Forum - Leymah Gbowee
 
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Violent conflict and instability disrupt markets and societies, and the scale of current humanitarian crises is unparalleled. In our deeply interconnected world, violent conflicts have global impacts and cannot be overlooked by any sector of society. Rising inequalities, rampant corruption, increased competition for scarce natural resources and climate change cause tensions that can accelerate the fragmentation of societies, exacerbate current conflict and create new ones. H.E. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres calls for "a holistic approach which prioritizes prevention, and addresses the root causes of conflict by integrating peace, sustainable development and human rights." The Sustainable Development Goals are deeply related to peace, as they are both precursors to and a result of it. Although the primary responsibility for peace and security rests with Governments, businesses play a key role in ensuring that they do no harm and in and contributing to, and investing in, sustainable development and peace. For companies, violence anywhere can undermine stable operations and disrupt global supply chains. When businesses work together with other stakeholders to support peace and address the underlying causes of instability, they can mitigate risks to their companies, prevent negative impacts, and also help ensure long-term financial performance. Constructive multi-stakeholder dialogue and collaboration between governments, the private sector and civil society are pre-requisites for comprehensive solutions that are required to build the foundation for achieving and sustaining peace and attaining the Global Goals. The 2018 UN Private Sector Forum: Building and Investing in Peace will provide an opportunity for key Heads of State and UN Principals to join business leaders at the table in the context of the broader Nelson Mandela Peace Summit. - Ms. Leymah Gbowee, Director, Gbowee Peace Foundation; Nobel Peace Laureate; SDG Advocate
UN Private Sector Forum - Brad Smith
 
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Violent conflict and instability disrupt markets and societies, and the scale of current humanitarian crises is unparalleled. In our deeply interconnected world, violent conflicts have global impacts and cannot be overlooked by any sector of society. Rising inequalities, rampant corruption, increased competition for scarce natural resources and climate change cause tensions that can accelerate the fragmentation of societies, exacerbate current conflict and create new ones. H.E. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres calls for "a holistic approach which prioritizes prevention, and addresses the root causes of conflict by integrating peace, sustainable development and human rights." The Sustainable Development Goals are deeply related to peace, as they are both precursors to and a result of it. Although the primary responsibility for peace and security rests with Governments, businesses play a key role in ensuring that they do no harm and in and contributing to, and investing in, sustainable development and peace. For companies, violence anywhere can undermine stable operations and disrupt global supply chains. When businesses work together with other stakeholders to support peace and address the underlying causes of instability, they can mitigate risks to their companies, prevent negative impacts, and also help ensure long-term financial performance. Constructive multi-stakeholder dialogue and collaboration between governments, the private sector and civil society are pre-requisites for comprehensive solutions that are required to build the foundation for achieving and sustaining peace and attaining the Global Goals. The 2018 UN Private Sector Forum: Building and Investing in Peace will provide an opportunity for key Heads of State and UN Principals to join business leaders at the table in the context of the broader Nelson Mandela Peace Summit. - Mr. Brad Smith, President & Chief Legal Officer, Microsoft Corporation
Karl Marx & Conflict Theory: Crash Course Sociology #6
 
11:19
Today we’ll continue to explore sociology’s founding theorists with a look at Karl Marx and his idea of historical materialism. We’ll discuss modes of production, their development, and how they fit into Marx’s overall theory of historical development, along with class struggle and revolution. We’ll also discuss how Marx’s ideas gave rise to Gramsci’s idea of hegemony, and to conflict theories more generally. Crash Course is made with Adobe Creative Cloud. Get a free trial here: https://www.adobe.com/creativecloud.html *** Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Les Aker, Bob Kunz, William McGraw, Jeffrey Thompson, Ruth Perez, Jason A Saslow, Eric Prestemon, Malcolm Callis, Steve Marshall, Advait Shinde, Rachel Bright, Ian Dundore, Tim Curwick, Ken Penttinen, Dominic Dos Santos, Caleb Weeks, Kathrin Janßen, Nathan Taylor, Yana Leonor, Andrei Krishkevich, Brian Thomas Gossett, Chris Peters, Kathy & Tim Philip, Mayumi Maeda, Eric Kitchen, SR Foxley, Justin Zingsheim, Andrea Bareis, Moritz Schmidt, Bader AlGhamdi, Jessica Wode, Daniel Baulig, Jirat -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
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