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The Economics of Wassily Leontief: Input-Output Analysis
 
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This is a fascinating example of mathematical thinking, and also a practical use of mathematics in the field of economics. Wassily Leontief was an economist who got into trouble with the Soviet Union and so left for the United States. The Soviet's loss was America's gain, as Leontief was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences after establishing his system of input-output analysis. This, in 6 minutes and 20 seconds, is introduced here by David Harvey during one of his lectures. David Harvey has been lecturing on the influence of Karl Marx on modern-day economic thinking in the West for over 40 years. He has many more insights to share, on http://davidharvey.org I am in no way affiliated with David Harvey nor with any Marxist school of thought.
Views: 50892 Ashley Story
Lecture - 6 Energy Economics : Input-Output Analysis
 
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Lecture Series on Energy Resources and Technology by Prof.S.Banerjee,Department of Electrical Engineering, IIT Kharagpur. For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.iitm.ac.in.
Views: 42223 nptelhrd
What is INPUT-OUTPUT MODEL? What does INPUT-OUTPUT MODEL mean? INPUT-OUTPUT MODEL meaning
 
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What is INPUT-OUTPUT MODEL? What does INPUT-OUTPUT MODEL mean? INPUT-OUTPUT MODEL meaning - INPUT-OUTPUT MODEL definition - INPUT-OUTPUT MODEL explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. In economics, an input–output model is a quantitative economic technique that represents the interdependencies between different branches of a national economy or different regional economies. The model depicts inter-industry relationships within an economy, showing how output from one industrial sector may become an input to another industrial sector. In the inter-industry matrix, column entries typically represent inputs to an industrial sector, while row entries represent outputs from a given sector. This format therefore shows how dependent each sector is on every other sector, both as a customer of outputs from other sectors and as a supplier of inputs. Each column of the input–output matrix shows the monetary value of inputs to each sector and each row represents the value of each sector's outputs. Wassily Leontief (1906–1999) is credited with developing this type of analysis and earned the Nobel Prize in Economics for his development of this model. Francois Quesnay had developed a cruder version of this technique called Tableau économique, and Léon Walras's work Elements of Pure Economics on general equilibrium theory also was a forerunner and generalization of Leontief's seminal concept. Alexander Bogdanov has been credited with originating the concept in a report delivered to the All Russia Conference on the Scientific Organisation of Labour and Production Processes, in January 1921. This approach was also developed by L. N. Kritsman and T. F. Remington has argued that their work provided a link between Quesnay's tableau économique and the subsequent contributions by Vladimir Groman and Vladimir Bazarov to Gosplan's method of material balance planning. Wassily Leontief's work in the input-output model was influenced by the works of the classical economists Karl Marx and Jean Charles Léonard de Sismondi. Karl Marx's economics provided an early outline involving a set of tables where the economy consisted of two interlinked departments. Leontief was the first to use a matrix representation of a national (or regional) economy. Because the input–output model is fundamentally linear in nature, it lends itself to rapid computation as well as flexibility in computing the effects of changes in demand. Input–output models for different regions can also be linked together to investigate the effects of inter-regional trade, and additional columns can be added to the table to perform environmentally extended input-output analysis (EEIOA). For example, information on fossil fuel inputs to each sector can be used to investigate flows of embodied carbon within and between different economies. The structure of the input–output model has been incorporated into national accounting in many developed countries, and as such can be used to calculate important measures such as national GDP. Input–output economics has been used to study regional economies within a nation, and as a tool for national and regional economic planning. A main use of input–output analysis is to measure the economic impacts of events as well as public investments or programs as shown by IMPLAN and Regional Input-Output Modeling System. It is also used to identify economically related industry clusters and also so-called "key" or "target" industries (industries that are most likely to enhance the internal coherence of a specified economy). By linking industrial output to satellite accounts articulating energy use, effluent production, space needs, and so on, input–output analysts have extended the approaches application to a wide variety of uses.
Views: 10312 The Audiopedia
Input Output Model part 1
 
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Views: 38614 astro320
Input-Output Table: What are they and how can we use them?
 
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This is a clip explaining the concept of Input-Output table in economics. Script supplied by professor Paul Chapman and the Carnegie Mellon University team, PPM capstone project May 2014. The clip is part of the presentation. Detail: 1280 30F. Voice over: Yes. Soundtrack: Airport.
Views: 10232 Cara Bella
Leontif Input-Output Analysis in R
 
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Narrated RScript by Ezra Zigmond and Luca Schroed illustrating open and closed Leontif input-output models
Views: 2835 Ezra Zigmond
What is ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS ANALYSIS? What does ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS ANALYSIS mean?
 
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What is ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS ANALYSIS? What does ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS ANALYSIS mean? ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS ANALYSIS meaning - ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS ANALYSIS definition - ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS ANALYSIS explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Environmental systems analysis (ESA) is a systematic and systems based approach for describing human actions impacting on the natural environment to support decisions and actions aimed at perceived current or future environmental problems. Impacts of different types of objects are studied that ranges from projects, programs and policies, to organizations, and products. Environmental systems analysis encompasses a family of environmental assessment tools and methods, including life cycle assessment (LCA), material flow analysis (MFA) and substance flow analysis (SFA), and environmental impact assessment (EIA), among others. ESA studies aims at describing the environmental repercussions of defined human activities. These activities are mostly effective through use of different technologies altering material and energy flows, or (in)directly changing ecosystems (e.g. through changed land-use, agricultural practices, logging etc.), leading to undesired environmental impacts in a, more or less, specifically defined geographical area, and time, ranging from local to global. The basis for the analytical procedures used in ESA studies is the perception of flows of matter and energy associated to causal chains linking human activities to the environmental changes of concern. Some methods are focusing different parts or aspects of the energy/matter flows or the causal chains, where flow models like MFA or LCA deals with the more or less human controlled societal flows while, e.g. ecological risk assessment (ERA) is related to disentangling environmental causal chains. Environmental systems analysis studies has been suggested to be divided between "full" and "attributional" approaches. The full mode covers identified material and energy flows and associated processes leading to environmental impacts. The attributional approach, on the other hand, is based on an analysis of the processes needed to fulfil a certain purpose such as the function that a product delivers. The combination of methods (e.g. LCA and environmental risk assessment) has also been of interest Methods can be grouped into procedural and analytical approaches. The procedural ones (e.g. EIA or strategic environmental assessment, SEA) focus on the procedure around the analysis, while the analytical ones (e.g. LCA, MFA) put the main focus on technical aspects of the analysis, and can be used as parts of the procedural approaches. Regarding the impacts studied, the environmental issues cover both effecs of natural resource use and other environmental impacts, e.g. due to emissions of chemicals, or other agents. In addition, environmental systems analysis studies can cover or be based on economic accounts (life cycle costing, cost-benefit analysis, input-output analysis, systems for economic and environmental accounts), or consider social aspects. The objects of study are distinguished into five categories.
Views: 1681 The Audiopedia
Systems Theory Overview
 
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For full courses see: https://goo.gl/JJHcsw Follow along with the course eBook: https://goo.gl/Z2ekrB Short overview to the area of Systems theory. Produced by: http://complexitylabs.io Twitter: https://goo.gl/ZXCzK7 Facebook: https://goo.gl/P7EadV LinkedIn: https://goo.gl/3v1vwF Transcription: Systems theory is a set of theoretical concepts used to describe a wide variety of thing in terms of a model called a system. To give it context lets talk a bit about it's origins. Of cause people have been coming up with abstract theories about how the world work for a long time. Some ancient Greeks thought everything was made of earth, water, fire and air, whilst others came to the conclusion that it was the expression of perfect geometric forms. Over the years our theoretical systems have grown into large and sophisticated bodies of knowledge such as philosophy, mathematics and the many areas of theoretical science, although these theoretical frameworks are often limited to relatively specific area of interest. During the 20th century Systems theory emerged as a new theory that draws upon many core concepts within these pre-existing methods to develop a more abstract framework that is design to be universally applicable to all domains. In order to achieve such a general relevance, system theory starts with the abstract concept of a system and then applies this to modeling various different phenomena from biological to social and technical systems. The model of a system can be loosely defined as a set of parts often called elements that form a whole, which is referred to as the system. A system exists within an environment and has a boundary that differentiated the systems exterior from its interior. An example of this might be a country, interior to which are all the people, institution and other elements that constitutes the nation as an entire system. Whilst exterior to its boundary is the international political environment. A system can be either open or isolated, isolated systems do not interact with their environment, but most systems are open meaning there is an exchange of energy and resources between the system and its environment. The passing of energy or resources from the exterior of the systems boundary to the interior is termed an input whilst the reverse is termed an output. Systems develop or function through the input of energy or resources from their environment, they process this energy by transforming it to create an output, if this output is of some value to its environment it can be termed energy. If on the other hand it is of negative value it may be termed entropy, a scientific term for lack of order, disarrangement or in more familiar terms we might call it waste. An early use of this type of model was during the development of the steam-engine where scientist and engineers were thinking about the amount of fuel inputted to the engine relative to the power out put and heat energy wasted. By using this model they could create a quantifiable ration between them that we would now term the efficiency of the system. Of cause this same reasoning can be applied to a wide variety of phenomena from the processing of energy within a plant cell to the efficiency of a business organization. We can model systems on various scales, thus elements can form part of systems that themselves form part of larger systems and so on, this is termed nesting or encapsulation and helps us to analyst a system on various levels whilst hiding away the underlining complexity. Systems theory explores many other areas such as Emergence that raises key question about the relationship between the parts within a system and the hole, that is how elements can function together or self organize to create some new and emergent structure as an entirety...
Views: 25747 Complexity Labs
Life-cycle Analyses (LCA)
 
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Beiersdorf uses LCA to assess and reduce the environmental impact associated with all stages of a product’s life-cycle. The model we use considers inputs and impacts across raw materials, our own production processes, transportation, product use, recycling and Disposal. The results we get from our LCAs allow us to identify opportunities to bring more environmentally-friendly products to the markets and make progress towards our 2020 commitment.
Views: 26696 BeiersdorfChannel
Economics, Equity, and the Environment: 2017 Leontief Prize Lectures
 
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On March 28, the Global Development and Environment Institute (GDAE) awarded the 2017 Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought to James Boyce and Joan Martinez-Alier. The Prize winners gave lectures on the theme "Economics, Equity, and the Environment". View a complete summary at http://www.ase.tufts.edu/gdae/about_us/leontief17.html Access the links in Dr. Martinez-Alier's PowerPoint by downloading it here: http://ase.tufts.edu/gdae/about_us/leontief/Martinez-AlierSlidesLeontief2017.pdf
Views: 432 GDAE at Tufts
Environmental Systems
 
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002 - Environmental Systems Water: https://youtu.be/iOOvX0jmhJ4 pH: https://youtu.be/rIvEvwViJGk Biological Molecules: https://youtu.be/PYH63o10iTE In this video Paul Andersen explains how matter and energy are conserved within the Earth's system. Matter is a closed system and Energy is open to the surroundings. In natural systems steady state is maintained through feedback loops but can be be affected by human society. Do you speak another language? Help me translate my videos: http://www.bozemanscience.com/translations/ Music Attribution Intro Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/people/CosmicD/sounds/72556/ Creative Commons Atribution License Outro Title: String Theory Artist: Herman Jolly http://sunsetvalley.bandcamp.com/track/string-theory All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing: 2006, Photo by Johntex. English: Man Sitting under Beach Umbrella., February 18, 2006. Johntex. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Man_sitting_under_beach_umbrella.JPG. “Circular Graphic of Business Cycle or Circuit - Free Business Icons.” Flaticon. Accessed August 23, 2015. www.flaticon.com/free-icon/circular-graphic-of-business-cycle-or-circuit_45323. College, OpenStax. English: Illustration from Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions Web Site. http://cnx.org/content/col11496/1.6/, Jun 19, 2013., May 16, 2013. Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions Web site. http://cnx.org/content/col11496/1.6/, Jun 19, 2013. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:206_Electron_Shells-01.jpg. DePiep. English: Category Colors according to - Diatomic Nonmetals. See En:wp., August 14, 2013. Own work. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Periodic_table_(polyatomic).svg. DynaBlast. Covalently Bonded Hydrogen and Carbon in a W:molecule of Methane., January 28, 2006. Created with Inkscape. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Covalent.svg. Eastland, Jessie. English: Sunset, Joshua Tree California, USA., July 20, 2012. Own work. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Actual_Sunset.jpg. Ebaychatter0. English: Sport Car, October 3, 2012. Own work. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Orange_sport_car.svg. France, Chad Teer from Coquitlam. Offshore Platform Located in the Gulf of Mexico, Port Location Cd. Del Carmen., October 22, 2004. Flickr.com - image description page. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gulf_Offshore_Platform.jpg. “Gasoline.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, August 19, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gasoline&oldid=676894788. https://github.com/Ranks/emojione/graphs/contributors. English: A Colored Emoji from Emojione Project, [object HTMLTableCellElement]. https://github.com/Ranks/emojione. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Emojione_1F6C1.svg. “James Prescott Joule.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, July 29, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Prescott_Joule&oldid=673687877. Kulenov, Zhanat. English: The Aral Sea Is Drying Up. Bay of Zhalanash, Ship Cemetery, Aralsk, Kazakhstan, April 11, 2006. UNESCO. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Aral_sea_is_drying_up._Bay_of_Zhalanash,_Ship_Cemetery,_Aralsk,_Kazakhstan.jpg. “Lake.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, August 21, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lake&oldid=677085416. MODIS, NASA images by Reto Stöckli, based on data from NASA and NOAA Instrument: Terra-. Polski: Mozaika Zdjęć Półkuli Zachodniej, Zrzutowana Na Sferę I Poddana Obróbce., October 2, 2007. Earth Observatory: Twin Blue Marbles. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blue_Marble_Western_Hemisphere.jpg. “Molecular Configuration - Free Education Icons.” Flaticon. Accessed August 22, 2015. www.flaticon.com/free-icon/molecular-configuration_68084. Producercunningham, NASA Collage by. English: A Comparison of the Aral Sea in 1989 (left) and 2014 (right)., September 30, 2014. 1989: aral sea 1989 250m File:Aralsea tmo 2014231 lrg.jpg. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AralSea1989_2014.jpg. “Recycle Reuse - Free Arrows Icons.” Flaticon. Accessed August 22, 2015. www.flaticon.com/free-icon/recycle-reuse_25274. Roscoe, Henry. Picture of James Joule, 1906. The Life & Experiences of Sir Henry Enfield Roscoe (Macmillan: London and New York), p. 120. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Joule_James_sitting.jpg. Wikipedia, The original uploader was Adz at English. Daintree Rainforest. Photo Taken June 2005. Uploaded with Permission., August 13, 2005. Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Daintree_Rainforest.JPG.
Views: 128204 Bozeman Science
EIO-LCA Tutorial - Screencast 2
 
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This video describes more advanced querying and describes results from multiple flows.
Views: 133 LCA_Textbook
Research Seminar on "Selection of Inputs and Outputs in Data Envelopment Analysis"
 
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Research Seminar by Ray, Subhash C on "Selection of Inputs and Outputs in Data Envelopment Analysis". Productive efficiency lies in producing the maximum output from a given bundle of inputs or using the minimal input for a target bundle of outputs. The method of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) introduced in the OR/MS literature in the late 1970s and subsequently refined and extended over the decades has become a popular analytical device for measurement of efficiency. However, in many empirical applications inadequate attention is paid to the selection of inputs and outputs. Production is the process of creating value through transformation of inputs into outputs. It is important to ensure that the resources defined as inputs in a specific context do in fact contribute to the outcomes treated as outputs. In this paper we start with the scope of decision making by the producer to define the ‘boundary’ of the firm. This enables us to distinguish inputs (resources that enter into the jurisdiction of the firm from outside) and outputs (that get out of the boundary and are not subject to further processing by the firm). We visualize a firm as a vertically integrated organization with sub-centers of decision making at different stages of production. This allows us to differentiate an intermediate output (or a throughput) from a pure output or input. We discuss the appropriate choice of inputs and outputs in different areas of empirical application including manufacturing, banking, education, and health care. Special attention is paid to the treat of undesirable outputs (like pollution and industrial waste) in DEA. Finally we consider contextual or environmental variables that affect production but are not subject to manipulation by the producer.
SPSS for questionnaire analysis:  Correlation analysis
 
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Basic introduction to correlation - how to interpret correlation coefficient, and how to chose the right type of correlation measure for your situation. 0:00 Introduction to bivariate correlation 2:20 Why does SPSS provide more than one measure for correlation? 3:26 Example 1: Pearson correlation 7:54 Example 2: Spearman (rhp), Kendall's tau-b 15:26 Example 3: correlation matrix I could make this video real quick and just show you Pearson's correlation coefficient, which is commonly taught in a introductory stats course. However, the Pearson's correlation IS NOT always applicable as it depends on whether your data satisfies certain conditions. So to do correlation analysis, it's better I bring together all the types of measures of correlation given in SPSS in one presentation. Watch correlation and regression: https://youtu.be/tDxeR6JT6nM ------------------------- Correlation of 2 rodinal variables, non monotonic This question has been asked a few times, so I will make a video on it. But to answer your question, monotonic means in one direction. I suggest you plot the 2 variables and you'll see whether or not there is a monotonic relationship there. If there is a little non-monotonic relationship then Spearman is still fine. Remember we are measuring the TENDENCY for the 2 variables to move up-up/down-down/up-down together. If you have strong non-monotonic shape in the plot ie. a curve then you could abandon correlation and do a chi-square test of association - this is the "correlation" for qualitative variables. And since your 2 variables are ordinal, they are qualitative. Good luck
Views: 495260 Phil Chan
Input-Output Analysis
 
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An Easy Overview Of Input-Output Analysis
Views: 1690 Christopher Hunt
Understanding Economic Impact Analysis
 
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Michael N'dolo, Vice President of Camoin Assosicates, discusses how to do an economic vs. fiscal impact analysis, why you'd do one, the key terms and mistakes to avoid while doing one, and finally the impact models available for use. This is the 7th video of Economic Development Academy series.
Views: 3162 UNH Extension
Setting up a Python Development Environment in Atom
 
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In this Python Tutorial, we will be setting up a development environment in Atom. We will walk through how to install Atom, install Packages, customize settings, and much more. Let's get started. Source Code Pro Font - https://fonts.google.com/specimen/Source+Code+Pro Sublime Text Development Environment Setup - https://youtu.be/xFciV6Ew5r4 If you enjoy these videos and would like to support my channel, I would greatly appreciate any assistance through my Patreon account: https://www.patreon.com/coreyms Or a one-time contribution through PayPal: https://goo.gl/649HFY If you would like to see additional ways in which you can support the channel, you can check out my support page: http://coreyms.com/support/ Equipment I use and books I recommend: https://www.amazon.com/shop/coreyschafer You can find me on: My website - http://coreyms.com/ Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/CoreyMSchafer Twitter - https://twitter.com/CoreyMSchafer Google Plus - https://plus.google.com/+CoreySchafer44/posts Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/coreymschafer/ #Python
Views: 197766 Corey Schafer
Lecture 3 Part 1 Basic input-output relationships
 
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Basic Input-output relationships
Views: 3906 ISAUsyd
Introduction to Input-Output Model
 
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Input-Output model is introduced using a single factor to develop formula.
Views: 5413 drpattv
Lecture - 7 Energy Economics : Input-Output Analysis
 
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Lecture Series on Energy Resources and Technology by Prof.S.Banerjee,Department of Electrical Engineering, IIT Kharagpur. For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.iitm.ac.in.
Views: 23612 nptelhrd
Consumption-Based Carbon Footprints of Global Cities - Tommy Wiedmann
 
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Carbon footprint accounts are becoming increasingly important for cities that aim to take a lead in tackling climate change. Dr. Tommy Wiedmann will discuss how to assess urban development from a carbon footprint perspective and provides new insights for dealing with the extended responsibility for global resource use of cities. The webinar will address the challenges of reliably quantifying city carbon footprints based on global multi-region input-output analysis, present results for selected cities and discuss the usefulness of consumption-based carbon footprint accounting for decision-making around urban sustainability. Dr. Thomas (Tommy) Wiedmann is an Associate Professor and Program Leader of the Sustainability Assessment Program at UNSW Sydney, Australia (The University of New South Wales). His long-standing expertise is in integrated, quantitative sustainability assessment, industrial ecology and environmental footprint analysis. He is leading the development and application of the Industrial Ecology Virtual Laboratory (IELab), a collaborative research platform for environmentally extended multi-region input-output analysis. Tommy has coordinated a number of sustainability-related research projects funded by European and Australian Governments worth about $6m in total. In 2012 he received the Thomson Reuters Citation Award in Australia and has been listed as Highly Cited Researcher and World's Most Influential Scientific Minds annually since 2015.
Life Cycle Assessment
 
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This video is part of an online course being taught at the University of California, "ICS 5: Global Disruption and Information Technology". Only a portion of the course material is accessible via YouTube. Course Description: The world is changing rapidly. Environmental concerns, social transformations, and economic uncertainties are pervasive. However, certain human needs remain relatively constant—things like nutritious food, clean water, secure shelter, and close human social contact. This course seeks to understand how sociotechnical systems (that is, collections of people and information technologies) may support a transition to a sustainable civilization that allows for human needs and wants to be met in the face of global change. In this course, students will learn about how information technology works, and how humans and information technology interact. In addition it will provide students with a structured opportunity to interrogate what is important to them in life, and how communities and technologies can support those aspects of their lives. Topics covered will include: introductions to information technology, the science behind global change, and scientific studies of human wellbeing, and a range of topical discussions such as IT for local food production, computational systems to support resource sharing, resilient currency technologies, and localized, low-energy technological infrastructure.
Views: 8473 djp3
From Oil to Gas and Beyond A Review of the Trinidad and Tobago Model and Analysis of Future Challeng
 
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From Oil to Gas and Beyond A Review of the Trinidad and Tobago Model and Analysis of Future Challeng . input-output analysis,macroeconomic analysis,transportation sector,energy technologies,energy development,water resource management,economic modeling,trinidad and tobago real estate,trinidad and tobago newsday newspaper,climate change impacts,environmental accounting,energy generation,impact assessment,climate adaptation,global energy,demand management,energy economics,process design,systems approach,innovative technologies,empirical analysis,industrial ecology,natural gas production,analytical tools,environmental monitoring,adaptive management,decision analysis,energy policy,strategic analysis,environmental analysis,conventional oil,economic analysis,life cycle assessment,life cycle analysis,international energy agency,environmental economics,environmental chemistry,energy systems,carbon capture,risk mitigation,cost analysis,circular economy,risk analysis,market analysis,petroleum,analysis,swot analysis
Views: 11 Book's Preview
Global Environment - Ecological Economics (part 3)
 
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Rick Beal shows how classical economics uses an incomplete model when it doesn't take into account ecological elements including energy and resources input, and waste product output. Part 3 of 6. Content produced by Christopher Baycura for the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF). Copyright Richard Beal. Used with permission.
Views: 434 ESFAcademics
ArcGIS Geostatistical Analysis: Spatial Interpolation (IDW)
 
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Spatial Analysis means to manipulate geographic data to extract new meaningful information. Interpolation is one of such geostatistical methods in which we use known values at sampled points to generate a continuous surface giving us prediction of values at unknown points. IDW is an interpolation technique in which values of cells are predicted by averaging known point values while processing each neighborhood cell. Points which are closer to the estimated cell have more weightage in the averages. IDW is preferred over Kriging in situations when sampled points are densely distributed over the surface. How to perform Spatial Interpolation in ArcGIS: 1. Open ArcGIS. 2. Add XY data in ArcMap. In this case, we have an Excel spreadsheet of Monthly Average Precipitation Data in .XLS format. 3. Convert XY data to Shapefile (.shp format). 4. Add boundary over data. 5. Select points which lie within the boundary. 6. Export selected points to new Shapefile. 7. Search for the IDW tool within the Interpolation toolset inside Spatial Analyst toolbox. 8. Choose the column of known point values as Z value field. 9. Mask the output of Raster Analysis to the given boundary in the Environments Settings. The Interpolated surface is obtained which can also be exported as a Raster Dataset for further analysis.
Views: 49639 Geospatial Geeks
EIO-LCA Tutorial - Screencast 1
 
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Shows basic functionality of using the web model.
Views: 224 LCA_Textbook
David Easton System Theory In Hindi #Live Stream 2 David Easton Political System Theory in Hindi
 
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David Easton System Theory In Hindi #Live Stream 2 David Easton Political System Theory in Hindi ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- David Easton (June 24, 1917 – July 19, 2014) was a Canadian-born American political scientist. Easton, who was born in Toronto, Ontario, came to the United States in 1943. From 1947-1997, he served as a professor of political science at the University of Chicago. At the forefront of both the behavioralist and post-behavioralist revolutions in the discipline of political science during the 1950s and 1970s, Easton provided the discipline's most widely used definition of politics as the authoritative allocation of values for the society. He is renowned for his application of systems theory to the study of political science. Policy analysts have utilized his five-fold scheme for studying the policy-making process: input, conversion, output, feedback and environment. Gunnell argues that since the 1950s the concept of "system" was the most important theoretical concept used by American political scientists. The idea appeared in sociology and other social sciences but it was Easton who specified how it could be best applied to behavioral research on politics.[1] During his career he served as a key gatekeeper, as consultant to many prominent organizations and funding agencies, and author of numerous influential scholarly publications. He served on many boards and committees and was president of the American Political Science Association.---------Source- Wikkipedia
Views: 7080 Learn With Luciffer
What Is An Input In Economics?
 
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Input synonyms, input pronunciation, translation, english (economics) (often plural) a resource required for industrial production, such as in the broad sense, labor (total, or overall economic input) represents aggregate expenditure of living and embodied. Fixed input amosweb is economics encyclonomic web pedia. Inputs? Definition and meaning businessdictionary what are inputs? definition inputs. A key idea in economics is that business firms typically can produce their products svcs. Economics of input combination slideshare. Googleusercontent search. Input substitution in production a key idea economics is that and costs. The most common sep 7, 2010. They are resources that a company requires in an attempt to generate economic profit by producing goods and services. Inputs are classified under costs in accounting mar 27, 2015 a factors of production inputs used to produce an output, or goods and services. As always, my key terms will be in red define input. Many models of economic growth exclude materials, energy and other intermediate inputs from the production function. Resources such as people, raw materials, energy, information, or finance that are put into a system (such an economy, manufacturing plant, computer system) to obtain desired output. The relevant time period is usually termed the short run. But in fact, the economics, factors of production, resources, or inputs are what is used production process to produce output that is, finished goods and services basic function, typically capital labor economics describe outputs a generalized function labor, capital, land three necessary for any. What's an ''input'' in economics? What are intermediate inputs? Input definition of input by the free dictionaryarticle about labor dictionary. What a firm produces is called dec 10, 2013 economics of input combinations prepared by milan padariya econ 101 principles microeconomics. What are inputs? Definition and meaning businessdictionary. Here, the indicator is used an input whose quantity cannot be changed in time period under consideration. Html url? Q webcache. What inputs are considered to be factors of production? Input output analysis investopediafactors production wikipedia. Inputs and outputs of the function boundless. Factors of production are divided into four categories land, labor, capital and entrepreneurship input output analysis ('i o') is a form economic based on the interdependencies between sectors. Growing environmental pressures input substitution in production. Breaking down 'input output analysis' the foundation of i o analysis involves input tables labour is relatively easy to measure if one content count heads persons engaged in production or, preferably, hours worked. Chapter 12 behind the supply curve inputs and costs. Chapter 12 behind the quantity of inputs and outputs that firm producesInputs? Definition meaning businessdictionary. Production inputs and process boundless. Inputs? Definition and meaning businessdict
Views: 314 I Question You
Pt 1: 'Multisectoral effects of a carbon tax on the UK economy', Dr Matthew Winning, UCL
 
42:56
Filmed at the UCL-Energy and UCL ISR breakfast seminar on 19 February 2013 Speaker: Dr Matthew Winning, Research Associate, UCL Energy Institute and UCL Institute for Sustainable Resources Title: Multisectoral effects of a carbon tax on the UK economy: An Input-Output and Computable General Equilibrium approach Abstract: Matthew explores the effects of implementing a policy instrument to achieve the UK 2020 carbon budget by using multisectoral energy-economy-environment modelling techniques. A number of modifications to the 2004 input-output database are undertaken in order to make the model more applicable to the current policy analysis. Firstly, the sectors included in EU Emissions Trading Scheme are identified and mapped to the economic sectors in the input-output table. An environmental input-output multiplier analysis of the "traded" and "non-traded" sectors is then undertaken. One significant result is that the electricity sector is important for the UK both in terms of economic output and emissions levels. Secondly, the electricity sector is disaggregated in order to allow for substitution between electricity generation technologies of varying carbon-intensities. Again the IO multiplier analysis is undertaken but now with heterogeneous results for the electricity sector. Finally, the modified database is used to create a Computable General Equilibrium model which simulates the effects of a carbon tax on the UK economy to reach a 34% reduction in emissions by 2020. Given that the tax raises revenue for government it is appropriate to compare different methods of revenue recycling and in particular whether a 'double dividend' of improved environmental and economic conditions in the UK is possible.
Views: 589 UCLEnergyInstitute
Conducting an Economic Analysis
 
13:09
This video is a part of Conservation Strategy Fund's collection of environmental economic lessons and was made possible thanks to the support of the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the Marcia Brady Tucker Foundation. This series is for individuals who want to learn - or review - the basic economics of conservation. In this video, you will learn how to set up an economic analysis using an example of a fisherman buying a boat and setting up a fishing operation. You will look at a project from the perspective of the fisherman conducting a financial analysis as well as from the perspective of society doing an economic analysis. To follow this series, subscribe to our YouTube channel. For more information on these and other trainings from Conservation Strategy Fund, check out: http://www.conservation-strategy.org/
Managing Without Growth: Slower by Design, Not Disaster
 
52:19
Dr. Peter Victor is an economist who has worked on environmental issues for over 40 years as an academic, consultant and public servant. By extending input-output analysis, he was the first economist to apply the physical law of the conservation of matter to the empirical analysis of a national economy. Dr. Victor was one of the founders of the emerging discipline of ecological economics and was the first President of the Canadian Society for Ecological Economics. His most recent book is Managing without Growth. Slower by Design, not Disaster. (Edward Elgar, 2008) Dr. Victor is a Professor in Environmental Studies at York University and from 1996 to 2001 was Dean of the Faculty of Environmental Studies. This followed several years as Assistant Deputy Minister of the Environmental Sciences and Standards Division in the Ontario Ministry of the Environment. Prior to that Dr. Victor was a principal of VHB Consulting and Victor and Burrell Research and Consulting where he undertook many influential policy-related economic studies in Canada and abroad. He has continued to provide technical advice in such areas as air pollution and health, emissions trading, emerging issues and education for sustainable energy development. Dr. Victor has served on numerous boards and advisory committees and he has appeared as an expert witness before various Commissions. From 2000 to 2004 he was President of the Royal Canadian Institute for the Advancement of Science, Canada's oldest science organization, and from 2004-2006 he was Chair of Environment Canada's Science and Technology Advisory Board. Currently he is a member of the Advisory Committee on the National Accounts for Statistics Canada, the Academic Advisory Panel of TruCost, the Ontario Government's Advisory Committee on Transboundary Science, and the Board of the David Suzuki Foundation. Dr Victor is author of: Managing Without Growth: Slower by Design, Not Disaster. Northampton, MA, Edward Elgar.
Views: 2955 Science4Peace
Community Analysis Package 5 - input and output
 
03:49
CAP (Community Analysis Package) is a Windows program from Pisces Conservation that offers a range of analytical techniques commonly used by researchers in fields such as biology, geology, palaeontology, archaeology and the social sciences. This video gives a demonstration on inputting data, and the output from the program. For further information on CAP, please see our other videos in this channel, General Introduction, and Grouping Demo.
Views: 432 Pisces Conservation
My Complete Atom For Python Setup Tutorial!
 
16:55
In this video, I show you step by step how I setup Atom for Python! get Atom: https://atom.io/ change script output fontsize: https://discuss.atom.io/t/change-font-size-in-console-when-using-script-package/19656/3
Views: 52784 Mark Jay
DCDC14 | Valuing Archives: From non-market valuation to input-output analysis
 
16:31
Lertchai Wasananikornkulchai, University of Glasgow Discovering Collections, Discovering Communities 2014 was a collaborative conference hosted by The National Archives and Research Libraries UK, in partnership with The Library of Birmingham, Cadbury Research Library, University of Birmingham and Arts Council England. www.rluk.ac.uk
Views: 114 ResearchLibrariesUK
What is MATERIAL FLOW ACCOUNTING? What does MATERIAL FLOW ACCOUNTING mean?
 
03:01
What is MATERIAL FLOW ACCOUNTING? What does MATERIAL FLOW ACCOUNTING mean? MATERIAL FLOW ACCOUNTING meaning - MATERIAL FLOW ACCOUNTING definition - MATERIAL FLOW ACCOUNTING explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Material flow accounting (MFA) is the study of material flows on a national or regional scale. It is therefore sometimes also referred to as regional, national or economy-wide material flow analysis. Material flow accounting provides economy-wide data on material use. Through international standardization, this data has become reliable and comparable across countries. Increasingly, the data are also being made available in medium- to long-term time series allowing for the analysis of past trends as well as potential future developments. Material flow accounts provide information on the material inputs into, the changes in material stock within, and the material outputs in the form of exports to other economies or discharges to the environment of an economy. Material flow accounting can be used in national planning, especially for scarce resources, and also allows for forecasting. The method can be used to assess environmental burdens associated with the economic activities of a nation and to determine how material intensive an economy is. The principle concept underlying MFA is a simple model of this interrelation between the economy and the environment, in which the economy is an embedded subsystem of the environment. Similar to living beings, this subsystem is dependent on a constant throughput of materials and energy. Raw materials, water and air are extracted from the natural system as inputs, transformed into products and finally re-transferred to the natural system as outputs (waste and emissions). In order to highlight the similarity to natural metabolic processes, the terms “industrial” or “societal” metabolism have been introduced. In MFA studies for a region or on a national level the flows of materials between the natural environment and the economy are analyzed and quantified on a physical level. The focus may be on individual substances (e.g. Cadmium flows), specific materials, or bulk material flows (e.g. steel and steel scrap flows within an economy). Researchers in this field are organized in the Socio-Economic Metabolism (SEM) section of the International Society for Industrial Ecology (ISIE). Statistics related to material flow accounting are usually compiled by national statistical offices, using economic, agricultural and trade statistics measuring the exchange of material between different products available in an economy.
Views: 926 The Audiopedia
Introduction to Input-Output Models
 
10:05
Looking at a two sector input-output model.
Views: 4398 drpattv
MBA - Managerial Economics 01
 
54:38
MBA Course in Managerial Economics at Prince Sultan University. Lecture 1 covers introductory overview to economics - choice, economic decisions, scarcity, scare resources, limited resources, human action, purposeful behavior, trade-offs, opportunity cost, marginal analysis, efficiency, productivity, means, resources, inputs, money, capital, labor, land, utility, modeling, economic models, microeconomics, firms, businesses, household, macroeconomics, GDP, stock market capitalization, imports, exports, trade surplus, trade deficits, inflation, unemployment, currency board, fixed-exchange, gold, consumer goods and services, input variables, output variables, model theory, model variables, causation, correlation, Prince Sultan University, Saudi Arabia Professor: Dr. Krassimir Petrov
Views: 254450 Krassimir Petrov
Industrial Ecology
 
17:34
See the full course: https://goo.gl/fZdR7s Follow along with the course eBook: https://goo.gl/4ULc1V In this video we will look at the domain of industrial ecology, a relatively new interdisciplinary area that takes a holistic perspective to the modeling, designing and management of coupled ecological and industrial systems. A paradigm that looks at our industrial infrastructure from the perspective of natural ecologies and biomimicry. We talk about some of its basic principles including the idea of industrial metabolism, representing the flow of materials and energy through industrial systems at different scales. Systems thinking which recognizes the need for a holistic perspective when dealing with these complex engineered systems. Synergies, how the different components interact with each other and the overall system. Recyclability and feedback loops, converting linear systems into nonlinear cyclical processes through identifying and closing feedback loops. Lastly we briefly look at some of the models and tools used in this area including life cycle analysis, input-output analysis, material flow accounting and stakeholder analysis. Produced by: http://complexitylabs.io Twitter: https://goo.gl/ZXCzK7 Facebook: https://goo.gl/P7EadV LinkedIn: https://goo.gl/3v1vwF
Views: 7219 Complexity Labs
ISO 14001:2015 Clause 6.1.2 | HOW TO IDENTIFY RISKS & OPPORTUNITIES
 
09:37
ISO 14001: 2015, Environmental Aspects, Clause 6.1.2 using a real-life process of a Manufacturing Organisation to explore risks and opportunities, looking at inputs and outputs within an organisation in the context of ISO 14001:2015 EMS. ISO 9001:2015 QMS Essentials Course https://goo.gl/RMTbdZ Establish yourself as a top-tier Systems Auditor, buy your access now https://goo.gl/XW27zT Become a member of the Best Practice team and gain access to our checklists, discounts, live events and special offers https://goo.gl/AtVJVY Our amazing ISO 14001:2015 Essentials Course will give you the skills to successfully implement your environmental management system get your access now at https://goo.gl/gveijJ With the release of the new ISO 45001 OHS standard, our amazing Essentials Course will turn you into an OH&S expert so buy it now at https://goo.gl/Kxbua5 Our easily explained Transitioning Courses will answer any queries you have about the new standards and develop fundamental skills with in yourself to be able to manage all ISO standards. Buy your ISO 9001:2015 course now at https://goo.gl/AoawJ3 & our ISO 14001:2015 Course at https://goo.gl/w8yMP8 Go and dive into our amazing ISO 9001:2015 Gap Analysis Checklist Course that we have available as the perfect introduction and implementation tool to accompany your management system https://goo.gl/JZQcq1 Follow and subscribe to: Best Practice Website : https://goo.gl/uJTioQ Facebook : https://goo.gl/VOJfKZ LinkedIn : https://goo.gl/dZmlTr Youtube : https://goo.gl/8SVD9E Instagram : @bestpracticetv Snapchat : @bestpracticetv
Views: 1472 @BestPracticeTV
Anthony Harding, Network Analysis of Global Embodied Fossil Fuel Energy Flows
 
02:55
The world energy system is a global, interdependent system joining the environmental system with the economic system. With increased globalization, the spatial location of demand for goods and services and the location of energy extraction and exploitation to produce these goods and services are increasingly distinct. This makes climate and energy policy design increasingly complex. In this paper, leveraging data from the World Input-Output Database, we combine input-output analysis techniques with network science techniques to describe and examine the inter-country flows of embodied fossil fuel energies across 35 sectors and 41 countries for three fossil fuel sources and their aggregate. We apply several network- and node-level properties to the relevant edges in each network. From our, analysis we are able to identify several countries consistently identified as central to the network. We posit that these countries have the potential to be leaders in implementing policy to mitigate energy consumption and energy leakage through production processes.
Views: 43 CompSustNet
HighSchoolPlaybook.com: Input, Output
 
00:15
Upload, Download, Network, Whatever.
Views: 70 WYFF News 4
Introduction to Life-Cycle Modeling for Solid Waste Managment
 
34:25
Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is a systematic framework for estimating the environmental emissions and impacts associated with a product, process, or system. LCA is an iterative process that consists of four primary stages: (1) Goal and Scope Definition, (2) Life-Cycle Inventory (LCI), (3) Life-Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA), and (4) Interpretation and Improvement. The Goal and Scope Definition stage defines the purpose of the LCA, the product or system to be assessed (i.e., a functional unit), and the environmental emissions and impacts to be considered. The LCI calculates all of the input and output flows of mass and energy for each process in the system, and the LCIA characterizes the environmental impacts associated with the emissions and mass flows calculated in the LCI (e.g., global warming potential from CO2, CH4, and N2O). Finally the Interpretation and Improvement stage reviews the results of the LCA and ensures that each of the stages are consistent with each other (e.g., the analysis matches the purpose defined in the Goal and Scope Definition) and identifies potential areas for improvement in a process or system.
Views: 10000 ISWM NCSU
Input Output Logic and Mathematics: Introduction
 
21:44
How to videos for community planners and economic developers
Views: 707 Dave Swenson
Pt 2: 'Multisectoral effects of a carbon tax on the UK economy', Dr Matthew Winning, UCL
 
17:30
Filmed at the UCL-Energy and UCL ISR breakfast seminar on 19 February 2013 Speaker: Dr Matthew Winning, Research Associate, UCL Energy Institute and UCL Institute for Sustainable Resources Title: Multisectoral effects of a carbon tax on the UK economy: An Input-Output and Computable General Equilibrium approach Abstract: Matthew explores the effects of implementing a policy instrument to achieve the UK 2020 carbon budget by using multisectoral energy-economy-environment modelling techniques. A number of modifications to the 2004 input-output database are undertaken in order to make the model more applicable to the current policy analysis. Firstly, the sectors included in EU Emissions Trading Scheme are identified and mapped to the economic sectors in the input-output table. An environmental input-output multiplier analysis of the "traded" and "non-traded" sectors is then undertaken. One significant result is that the electricity sector is important for the UK both in terms of economic output and emissions levels. Secondly, the electricity sector is disaggregated in order to allow for substitution between electricity generation technologies of varying carbon-intensities. Again the IO multiplier analysis is undertaken but now with heterogeneous results for the electricity sector. Finally, the modified database is used to create a Computable General Equilibrium model which simulates the effects of a carbon tax on the UK economy to reach a 34% reduction in emissions by 2020. Given that the tax raises revenue for government it is appropriate to compare different methods of revenue recycling and in particular whether a 'double dividend' of improved environmental and economic conditions in the UK is possible.
Views: 143 UCLEnergyInstitute

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