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The Columbian Exchange: Crash Course World History #23
 
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In which John Green teaches you about the changes wrought by contact between the Old World and the New. John does this by exploring the totally awesome history book "The Columbian Exchange" by Alfred Cosby, Jr. After Columbus "discovered" the Americas, European conquerors, traders, and settlers brought all manner of changes to the formerly isolated continents. Disease and invasive plant and animal species remade the New World, usually in negative ways. While native people, plants, and animals were being displaced in the Americas, the rest of the world was benefitting from American imports, especially foods like maize, tomatoes, potatoes, pineapple, blueberries, sweet potatoes, and manioc. Was the Columbian Exchange a net positive? It's debatable. So debate. Resources: The Columbian Exchange, by Alfred Cosby, Jr: http://dft.ba/-columbian Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 3062553 CrashCourse
Crash Course Columbian Exchange
 
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*COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS* 1. What was the main cause of death for Native Americans resulting from European exploration and colonization? 2. List three diseases, besides smallpox, that infected and caused the death of Native Americans. 3. What were two effects of disease to the Native American civilizations (besides dying from disease)? 4. What disease did the Native Americans pass on to the Europeans? 5. What deadly plant originated in the New World and spread throughout the rest of the world as a result of the Columbian Exchange? 6. Name three animals that were brought to the New World as a result of the Columbian Exchange. 7. What was the primary transportation animal for the Inca? Why? 8. How did horses change the culture of Native Americans in the Plains of North America? 9. List two Old World crops that were brought over to the New World. 10. List six New World crops that were brought over to the Old World. 11. How did New World food affect the Old World? 12. List two advantages and two disadvantages of the Columbian Exchange. *All rights are reserved to the owners or licensed.* * It is not intended to violate copyrighted material, which all belongs to its receptive owners. This Video Is Educational Purpose Only.* Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.
Views: 61 Mr. Z
Why Native Americans Didnt Wipe Out Europeans with Diseases
 
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→Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/TodayIFoundOut?sub_confirmation=1 →How "Dick" came to be short for 'Richard': https://youtu.be/BH1NAwwKtcg?list=PLR0XuDegDqP2Acy6g9Ta7hzC0Rr3RDS6q Never run out of things to say at the water cooler with TodayIFoundOut! Brand new videos 7 days a week! More from TodayIFoundOut Keanu Reeves Gives Away Millions ... and 6 other Celebrity Facts https://youtu.be/6F_NzmAQbg4?list=PLR0XuDegDqP1IHZBUZvKkPwkTr6Gr0OBO When Humans Started Shaving Different Parts of Our Bodies https://youtu.be/Am7uIOSxSH4?list=PLR0XuDegDqP0GESJ0DgpgTcThLJVEbFs8 In this video: While estimates vary, approximately 20-50 million people are believed to have lived in the Americas shortly before Europeans arrived. Around 95% of them were killed by European diseases. So why didn’t 19 out of 20 Europeans die from Native American diseases? Want the text version?: http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2014/03/native-americans-didnt-wipe-europeans-diseases/ Sources: http://www.pbs.org/gunsgermssteel/show/transcript2.html http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/case-closed-columbus/ http://www.edge.org/conversation/why-did-human-history-unfold-differently-on-different-continents-for-the-last-13000-years http://www.theguardian.com/books/2013/may/17/syphilis-sex-fear-borgias http://hnn.us/article/696 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Native_Americans_in_the_United_States http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penicillin
Views: 364119 Today I Found Out
The Black Legend, Native Americans, and Spaniards: Crash Course US History #1
 
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In which John Green kicks off Crash Course US History! Why, you may ask, are we covering US History, and not more World History, or the history of some other country, or the very specific history of your home region? Well, the reasons are many. But, like it or not, the United States has probably meddled in your country to some degree in the last 236 years or so, and that means US History is relevant all over the world. In episode 1, John talks about the Native Americans who lived in what is now the US prior to European contact. This is a history class, not archaeology, so we're mainly going to cover written history. That means we start with the first sustained European settlement in North America, and that means the Spanish. The Spanish have a long history with the natives of the Americas, and not all of it was positive. The Spanish were definitely not peaceful colonizers, but what colonizers are peaceful? Colonization pretty much always results in an antagonistic relationship with the locals. John teaches you about early Spanish explorers, settlements, and what happened when they didn't get along with the indigenous people. The story of their rocky relations has been called the Black Legend. Which is not a positive legend. Turn on the captions. You'll like it! Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @crashcoursestan @raoulmeyer @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 6988954 CrashCourse
The Atlantic Slave Trade: Crash Course World History #24
 
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In which John Green teaches you about one of the least funny subjects in history: slavery. John investigates when and where slavery originated, how it changed over the centuries, and how Europeans and colonists in the Americas arrived at the idea that people could own other people based on skin color. Slavery has existed as long as humans have had civilization, but the Atlantic Slave Trade was the height, or depth, of dehumanizing, brutal, chattel slavery. American slavery ended less than 150 years ago. In some parts of the world, it is still going on. So how do we reconcile that with modern life? In a desperate attempt at comic relief, Boba Fett makes an appearance. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Resources: Inhuman Bondage by David Brion Davis: http://dft.ba/-inhumanbondage Up From Slavery by Booker T Washington: http://dft.ba/-upfromslavery Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 3296292 CrashCourse
Global Health Politics and Policy - The Columbian Exchange
 
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Module 2.4 The Columbian Exchange Beginning with an overview of the most significant health and disease issues facing the global community—including HIV, TB, malnutrition, SARS and avian flu, endemic diseases like malaria, and the growth of noncommunicable diseases like diabetes, heart disease, and cancer—this course will relate these nontraditional challenges to current theories and research in international relations. The course addresses a number of different issues in international relations and affairs, primarily from the perspective of how they interact with global and international public health.
1.2 Can disease reshape history? The Columbian exchange (16th c. Caribbean)
 
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Did you know that the entire history of the Caribbean can be summarized in... a cup of coffee? Join me as we explore the impact of Christopher Columbus's conquest of the Caribbean, the fate of Amerindian Tainos, and the effects of the Columbian Exchange on the history of the world.
Views: 34 Professor Girard
Coal, Steam, and The Industrial Revolution: Crash Course World History #32
 
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Mongols Shirts and Crash Course Posters! http://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse In which John Green wraps up revolutions month with what is arguably the most revolutionary of modern revolutions, the Industrial Revolution. While very few leaders were beheaded in the course of this one, it changed the lives of more people more dramatically than any of the political revolutions we've discussed. So, why did the Industrial Revolution happen around 1750 in the United Kingdom? Coal. Easily accessible coal, it turns out. All this, plus you'll finally learn the difference between James Watt and Thomas Newcomen, and will never again be caught telling people that your blender has a 900 Newcomen motor. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 4303414 CrashCourse
The Syphilis Enigma (Medieval Disease Documentary) | Timeline
 
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Check out our new website for more incredible history documentaries: HD and ad-free. http://bit.ly/2O6zUsK In 1495 a new disease hit Europe. It was deadly, devastating and attacked those who were promiscuous, well-heeled and well-travelled. But what was Syphilis and where had it come from? The traditional view has been that syphilis was part of "the Columbian exchange" – one of the things, along with tobacco and the potato, that the New World gave the Old. Arriving in Spain in the 1490s with Columbus and his crew, this destructive new plague spread quickly across Europe, leaving no country, no city, no royal household untouched. But what if this assumption is wrong? There is evidence of syphilis in skeletons dug from sites in France, Italy and England. Bones found in a medieval graveyard in Hull show signs of the ravages of syphilis. But if syphilis was present in Europe before Columbus went to America, why was the 1495 outbreak so deadly? And why did everyone see it as an entirely new plague? Content licensed from DRG.
Native American Genocide
 
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Columbian Exchange PSA
Views: 22 Taikari Lewis
Native Americans, American Indians, Indigenous Americans
 
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In the United States, Native Americans (also known as American Indians, Amerindians, Indigenous Americans or simply Indians; see §Terminology differences) are people descended from the pre-Columbian indigenous population of the land within the country's modern boundaries. These peoples were composed of numerous distinct tribes, bands, and ethnic groups, and many of these groups survive intact today as partially sovereign nations. The genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas primarily focuses on human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups and human mitochondrial DNA haplogroups. "Y-DNA" is passed solely along the patrilineal line, from father to son, while "mtDNA" is passed down the matrilineal line, from mother to offspring of both sexes. Neither recombines, and thus Y-DNA and mtDNA change only by chance mutation at each generation with no intermixture between parents' genetic material.[249] Autosomal "atDNA" markers are also used, but differ from mtDNA or Y-DNA in that they overlap significantly.[250] Autosomal DNA is generally used to measure the average continent-of-ancestry genetic admixture in the entire human genome and related isolated populations.[250] The genetic pattern indicates Indigenous Americans experienced two very distinctive genetic episodes; first with the initial-peopling of the Americas, and secondly with European colonization of the Americas. The former is the determinant factor for the number of gene lineages, zygosity mtations and founding haplotypes present in today's Indigenous Amerindian populations.[252] Human settlement of the New World occurred in stages from the Bering sea coast line, with an initial 15,000 to 20,000-year layover on Beringia for the small founding population. The micro-satellite diversity and distributions of the Y lineage specific to South America indicates that certain Amerindian populations have been isolated since the initial colonization of the region. The Na-Dené, Inuit and Indigenous Alaskan populations exhibit haplogroup Q-M242 (Y-DNA) mutions, however, that are distinct from other indigenous Amerindians, and that have various mtDNA and atDNA mutations. This suggests that the paleo-Indian migrants into the northern extremes of North America and Greenland were descended from a later, independent migrant population. Since the end of the 15th century, the migration of Europeans to the Americas has led to centuries of population, cultural, and agricultural transfer and adjustment between Old and New World societies, a process known as the Columbian exchange. Most Native American groups had historically preserved their histories by oral traditions and artwork, which has resulted in the first written sources on the conflict being authored by Europeans. At the time of first contact, the indigenous cultures were quite different from those of the proto-industrial and mostly Christian immigrants. Some of the Northeastern and Southwestern cultures in particular were matrilineal and operated on a more collective basis than the Europeans were familiar with. The majority of Indigenous American tribes maintained their hunting grounds and agricultural lands for use of the entire tribe. Europeans at that time had patriarchal cultures and had developed concepts of individual property rights with respect to land that were extremely different. The differences in cultures between the established Native Americans and immigrant Europeans, as well as shifting alliances among different nations in times of war, caused extensive political tension, ethnic violence, and social disruption. Even before the European settlement of what is now the United States, Native Americans suffered high fatalities from contact with European diases spread throughout the Americas by the Spanish to which they had yet not acquired immunity. Smalox epiemics are thought to have caused the greatest loss of life for indigenous populations, although estimates of the pre-Columbian population of what today constitutes the U.S. vary significantly, from one million to eighteen million. After the thirteen colonies revolted against Great Britain and established the United States, President George Washington and Henry Knox conceived of the idea of "civilizing" Native Americans in preparation for assimilation as U.S. citizens Assimilation (whether voluntary, as with the Choctaw or forced) became a consistent policy through American
The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you - Anthony Hazard
 
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Check out our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/teded View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-atlantic-slave-trade-what-your-textbook-never-told-you-anthony-hazard Slavery has occurred in many forms throughout the world, but the Atlantic slave trade -- which forcibly brought more than 10 million Africans to the Americas -- stands out for both its global scale and its lasting legacy. Anthony Hazard discusses the historical, economic and personal impact of this massive historical injustice. Lesson by Anthony Hazard, animation by NEIGHBOR.
Views: 4819452 TED-Ed
Impact of the Crusades
 
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Part 3 of the series on the Crusades. An overview of the human, territorial, commercial and political impact of the Crusades.
Views: 36305 Khan Academy
Ancestry, admixture and fitness in Colombian genomes
 
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Ancestry, admixture and fitness in Colombian genomes. Lavanya Rishishwar et al (2015), Scientific Reports http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep12376 The human dimension of the Columbian Exchange entailed substantial genetic admixture between ancestral source populations from Africa, the Americas and Europe, which had evolved separately for many thousands of years. We sought to address the implications of the creation of admixed American genomes, containing novel allelic combinations, for human health and fitness via analysis of an admixed Colombian population from Medellin. Colombian genomes from Medellin show a wide range of three-way admixture contributions from ancestral source populations. The primary ancestry component for the population is European (average = 74.6%, range = 45.0%–96.7%), followed by Native American (average = 18.1%, range = 2.1%–33.3%) and African (average = 7.3%, range = 0.2%–38.6%). Locus-specific patterns of ancestry were evaluated to search for genomic regions that are enriched across the population for particular ancestry contributions. Adaptive and innate immune system related genes and pathways are particularly over-represented among ancestry-enriched segments, including genes (HLA-B and MAPK10) that are involved in defense against endemic pathogens such as malaria. Genes that encode functions related to skin pigmentation (SCL4A5) and cutaneous glands (EDAR) are also found in regions with anomalous ancestry patterns. These results suggest the possibility that ancestry-specific loci were differentially retained in the modern admixed Colombian population based on their utility in the New World environment.
Views: 465 ScienceVio
The Spanish Empire, Silver, & Runaway Inflation: Crash Course World History #25
 
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In which John Green explores how Spain went from being a middling European power to one of the most powerful empires on Earth, thanks to their plunder of the New World in the 16th and 17th centuries. Learn how Spain managed to destroy the two biggest pre-Columbian civilizations, mine a mountain made of silver, mishandle their economy, and lose it all by the mid-1700s. Come along for the roller coaster ride with Charles I (he was also Charles V), Philip II, Atahualpa, Moctezuma, Hernán Cortés, and Francisco Pizarro as Spain rises and falls, and takes two empires and China down with them. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 3158311 CrashCourse
P-Hacking: Crash Course Statistics #30
 
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Today we're going to talk about p-hacking (also called data dredging or data fishing). P-hacking is when data is analyzed to find patterns that produce statistically significant results, even if there really isn't an underlying effect, and it has become a huge problem in science since many scientific theories rely on p-values as proof of their existence! Today, we're going to talk about a few ways researchers have "hacked" their data, and give you some tips for identifying and avoiding these types of problems when you encounter stats in your own lives. XKCD's comic on p-hacking: https://xkcd.com/882/ Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark Brouwer, Trevin Beattie, Satya Ridhima Parvathaneni, Erika & Alexa Saur, Glenn Elliott, Justin Zingsheim, Jessica Wode, Eric Prestemon, Kathrin Benoit, Tom Trval, Jason Saslow, Nathan Taylor, Brian Thomas Gossett, Khaled El Shalakany, Indika Siriwardena, SR Foxley, Sam Ferguson, Yasenia Cruz, Eric Koslow, Caleb Weeks, Tim Curwick, D.A. Noe, Shawn Arnold, Ruth Perez, Malcolm Callis, Advait Shinde, William McGraw, Andrei Krishkevich, Rachel Bright, Mayumi Maeda, Kathy & Tim Philip, Eric Kitchen, Ian Dundore, Chris Peters -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 43395 CrashCourse
Disease! Crash Course World History 203
 
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In which John Green teaches you about disease, and the effects that disease has had in human history. Disease has been with man since the beginning, and it has shaped the way humans operate in a lot of ways. John will teach you about the Black Death, the Great Dying, and the modern medical revolution that has changed the world. You can directly support Crash Course at https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Free is nice, but if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing this content.
Views: 2522543 CrashCourse
Columbian Exchange | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Columbian Exchange Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The Columbian exchange, also known as the Columbian interchange, named for Christopher Columbus, was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas, West Africa, and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries. It also relates to European colonization and trade following Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage. Invasive species, including communicable diseases, were a byproduct of the Exchange. The changes in agriculture significantly altered and changed global populations. The most significant immediate impact of the Columbian exchange was the cultural exchanges and the transfer of people (both free and enslaved) between continents. The new contact between the global population circulated a wide variety of crops and livestock, which supported increases in population in both hemispheres, although diseases initially caused precipitous declines in the numbers of indigenous peoples of the Americas. Traders returned to Europe with maize, potatoes, and tomatoes, which became very important crops in Europe by the 18th century. The term was first used in 1972 by American historian Alfred W. Crosby in his environmental history book The Columbian Exchange. It was rapidly adopted by other historians and journalists and has become widely known.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
AP Euro Ch 14 Age of Exploration
 
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During the Age of Exploration, many European countries traveled to the New World to expand their land in order to gain glory, riches, and territory with use of new technological and cartographical advances such as boats and maps. Several countries, particularly Portugal, began to engage in the African slave trade industry, in which individuals from Africa would be taken from their homes and forced to work in the New World, largely on plantations. This slave trade played an important role in the Triangular Trade and Columbian Exchange which began during this era. Additionally, the native populace was diminished by as much as ninety percent as result of the diseases and warfare brought over by the Europeans. Europeans were also sent to Asian countries in effort to spread religion and increase trade opportunities. As result of disputes between the French and British over Indian and New World territories, began the Seven Year’s War, the first true world war. As result of the Price Revolution and massive wealth, Europeans needed a new banking system than familial banks. Thus arose the first banks and joint-stock companies. Photo citations: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1xgA69_ejrj-ToYwlqwUjJ_nI5N7rpmDXx0gUyg2Qvfc/edit
Views: 202 hannah otsuka
10 World's Weirdest and Rarest Dog Breeds Ever!
 
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From the huge Tibetan Mastiff to the tuneful New Guinea Singing Dog, we’re counting down the top 10 weirdest dog breeds ever! Mexican Hairless Dog This type of dogs official name is Xoloitzcuintli or Xolo for short. The modern Xolo appears to be a result of a mixture of the aboriginal, pre-Columbian Xolo, itself a descendant of a domesticated dog that came with the ancestors of indigenous Americans from Asia, with one or more southern European herding dog breeds during the Columbian Exchange. It is an absolutely beautiful dog usually with hairless, greyish black coat. This dog was very important in Aztec and Mayan culture, and archaeological evidence of them have been found in tombs dating back 3500 years! They are well regarded as guardians and protectors, and the indigenous people believed the dog would guard their home from intruders and evil spirits. Christopher Columbus actually wrote of the presence of a strange hairless dogs when he arrived at the Caribbean in 1492. In modern day they are quite a rare breed and were often the subject of paintings by the Artist Fridha Kahlo, due to their very refined appearance and slender form. New Guinea Singing Dog This dog is native to the New Guinea Highlands and some claim it to be a wild dog. Little is known about the breed, however it got its name through its unique vocalisation, which is characterized by a sharp increase in pitch at the start and very high frequencies at the end. The dogs also sometimes engage in chorus howling not unlike a pack of wolves. Also, when kept with other dogs that bark, the New Guinea Singing Dog will actually attempt to mimic the dogs bark! The New Guinea singing dog is known to have an okay relationship with humans, but unfortuntately its species is considered slightly vulnerable in terms of extinction. So if ever you see a yellowish dog belting out some Adele in New Guinea, it’s most likely that it’ll be this dog! Bergomasco Sheperd Take a look at this fluffy ball of wonder! You may have seen this dog around as they are highly recognisable. Looking like their sporting a wealth of dreadlocks, the Bergomasco Sheperd’s coat is caused by a layer of fine hair, mixing with an oily undercoat and long harsher hairs, they all clump together to form what look like dreadlocks, a thick flocks of hair. They are a very domesticated dog meaning they are friendly and fine around humans. It gets its name from originating near the Italian alps in a place called Bergamo and was originally used as a herding dog. If I was a sheep and I saw this big ball of locks coming towards me, I’m pretty sure I’d be quite confused! They make excellent companions, just make sure that their flocks of hair don’t brush against the ground too much though as they could get dirty! Tibetan Mastiff The Tibetan Mastiff originated from Nomadic cultures such as those in Tibet, China, Mongolia and Nepal, originally used to protect sheep from Wolves, Lions and other animals that may want the sheep to be its pray. Admittedly if I was a wolf I’d be scared out of my wits seeing this dog, it’s absolutely huge. It is mostly known for its solemn but kind expression, and of course its amazing silky coat that doesn’t often contract that ‘big dog’ smell. It is an excellent guardian dog, often standing stock still and looking like it’s in its own little world. But it is reported to be quite hard to get the dog to understand obedience or any other organised activity, as it is highly independent. Be careful if you’re looking to make friends with one as when they get on their hind legs to give you a hug they might be a bit bigger than you! Catalburun The Catalburun is bred from a Turkish pointer, but with one major difference, it has a very distinct double nose. It’s name comes from the Turkish for fork which is Catal, and Burun, which means nose. Unfortunately the dog was mainly used for hunting, as it was believed that its unusual nasal feature allowed the dog to have a better sensitivity towards certain smells. But it has since been discovered that this is not true, and its forked nose offers no superiority in hunting to a normal pointer. The forked nose has begun to be seen as a slightly negative trait of the dog as it can lead to a cleft palate, but that doesn’t mean that the dogs aren’t super cute! If you ever see one, take extra good care of it as they’re not treated very nicely! Brussels griffon The tiny Brussels Griffon is a toy breed that comes in a smooth or
Views: 420 Insane Curiosity
Native American Cultures (1491-1607) - (APUSH Period 1 / APUSH Chapter 1)
 
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http://www.tomrichey.net This video lesson for US History students summarizes the key characteristics of the cultures of the major Native American people groups in North America (Arctic, Plains, Northeast/Great Lakes, Southwest, Southeast) the time of European contact. Native American tribes had a variety of different lifestyles that were influenced by the environment on different sections of the North American continent. The new AP US History curriculum places greater emphasis on history prior to 1607. This lecture was designed to familiarize students with this material, which has not been covered in-depth in most classrooms in the past. This lecture aligns with APUSH Key Concept 1.1 and should appear in chapter 1 in most APUSH textbooks. Key Concept 1.1: As native populations migrated and settled across the vast expanse of North America over time, they developed distinct and increasingly complex societies by adapting to and transforming their diverse environments. Special thanks to Knowledge Quest Maps for letting me use a few of their maps! Please visit their website: http://www.knowledgequestmaps.com
Views: 241915 Tom Richey
The Seven Years War: Crash Course World History #26
 
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In which John teaches you about the Seven Years War, which may have lasted nine years. Or as many as 23. It was a very confusing was. The Seven Years War was a global war, fought on five continents, which is kind of a lot. John focuses on the war as it happened in the Americas, Asia, and Africa. the "great" European powers were the primary combatants, but they fought just about everywhere. Of course, this being a history course, the outcomes of this war still resonate in our lives today. The Seven Years war determined the direction of the British Empire, and led pretty directly to the subject of Episode 28, the American Revolution. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 3054542 CrashCourse
APUSH: Chapter 1: New World Encounters Pt. 1/2
 
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http://www.apexamreview.com During the sixteenth century the Spanish, French, and English explored the Americas, displaced Native American cultures, and established colonies in the Western Hemisphere. These changes forced both cultures to adapt and change, though Native American cultures often suffered the most in these early exchanges. Native American Histories Before Conquest Humans occupied part of the Western Hemisphere thousands of years before the European discovery of America. The Mayans, Toltecs, and Aztecs in Central and South America created societies at least as sophisticated as that of the Europeans while along the Atlantic Coast, Native Americans formed diverse and mobile communities of hunters and gatherers. The arrival of Europeans in the New World brought into contact the three very different worlds of Europe, Africa, and America. The clashes that arose between the many Native American cultures and European cultures after 1492 often resulted in individual and tribal extermination. Many Native Americans who were not killed in battle died as a result of deadly diseases brought to the Americas by the European newcomers.
Views: 10938 TheApexamreview
Commercial Revolution
 
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As a result of the Crusades, the economy of Europe changes during the Commercial Revolution and leads to other social changes as well.
Views: 16174 SullySocialStudies
APUSH: Chapter 1: New World Encounters Pt. 2/2
 
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http://www.apexamreview.com During the sixteenth century the Spanish, French, and English explored the Americas, displaced Native American cultures, and established colonies in the Western Hemisphere. These changes forced both cultures to adapt and change, though Native American cultures often suffered the most in these early exchanges. Native American Histories Before Conquest Humans occupied part of the Western Hemisphere thousands of years before the European discovery of America. The Mayans, Toltecs, and Aztecs in Central and South America created societies at least as sophisticated as that of the Europeans while along the Atlantic Coast, Native Americans formed diverse and mobile communities of hunters and gatherers. The arrival of Europeans in the New World brought into contact the three very different worlds of Europe, Africa, and America. The clashes that arose between the many Native American cultures and European cultures after 1492 often resulted in individual and tribal extermination. Many Native Americans who were not killed in battle died as a result of deadly diseases brought to the Americas by the European newcomers.
Views: 2273 TheApexamreview
How America Came Apart: Global Trade, Wars, Prisons, Wall Street, Power Politics | Van Jones
 
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Both Republicans and Democrats blame the poor on each side, creating a terrible dissonance in our politics and in our nation's psyche. Read more at BigThink.com: http://bigthink.com/videos/van-jones-divide-and-conquer-the-bipartisan-plan-to-break-america Follow Big Think here: YouTube: http://goo.gl/CPTsV5 Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/BigThinkdotcom Twitter: https://twitter.com/bigthink Van Jones: When people ask me how we got here, how did we come apart in the first place, I don’t blame any one politician or party. There was a bipartisan elite consensus in the 1990s into the 2000s that really wrecked the middle class potential aspirations in the country. Both political parties said we could have these trade deals and they would be great for everybody. It was great for some people, but the industrial heartland just got kicked in the stomach. Both political parties said we could deregulate Wall Street let the banks do whatever they wanted to and it led to this massive crash that wiped out about a trillion dollars worth of wealth, millions of homes were lost. Both political parties said we could build prisons everywhere that would make the country better. It didn’t. Both political parties said we could get in these wars overseas and everything will work out fine. It hasn’t. So when you have repeated elite failure at the top of both parties a rebellion in both parties is justified and that’s really what you saw in 2016. You saw the Bernie Sanders rebels and frankly the Black Lives Matter rebels on the left and then you saw the Trump rebellion on the right. And as a result the political establishment got dumped on its butt and that is the context that you then have to try to figure out a way forward. Unfortunately when you have this level of elite failure and crisis people can either turn to each other or on each other. Some forces in American society really seem intent on having us turn on each other and I would put Steve Bannon in that category, I would put Donald Trump in that category that they see a path to political power, at least for themselves, and maybe for some part of their constituency, that’s based on having people turn on each other. So turn on the immigrant communities, turn on the Muslims. The Muslims are the most bazaar group for us to be attacking, American Muslims. They have the lowest crime rate of anybody in the United States; they have the lowest divorce rate; highest level of entrepreneurship; one of the highest levels of female education in the country. American Muslims are awesome. In fact they should be used as a propaganda weapon against the idea that America hates Muslims because American Muslims are killing me here, but we’re supposed to be mad at them, we’re supposed to be mad at the dreamers, Black Lives Matter. Turn Americans against each other and as long as your block is big enough to win gerrymandered elections then you get to be in power that’s the Bannon/Trump strategy. Now once you get in power you can’t get anything done, but who cares. When you have more failure and more dysfunction you can blame more people and stay in power. And so this is I think a very, very dangerous development mainly because it means that conservatism, which is a noble tradition in our country that has a lot of positives to say for itself, I’m a liberal so I think I can be objective there, there have been some great conservative leaders and contributions has now been hijacked and turned into anti-liberalism. Well anti-liberalism is not conservatism, it is a political strategy to attack certain constituents to defame certain ideas for the sole purpose of keeping your base riled up to keep you in power. And anti-liberalism is not a basis to govern a country, that’s on the right. On the left you have another set of failures in the aftermath of all this, which is a simple failure of progressives to recognize the ways that we have sometimes accidentally created a market for a Donald Trump because there’s a style of politics that’s become fashionable on the left that would rationally lead you to conclude if you are a straight white male conservative from a red state that you are no longer a part of the moral concern of progressives, that you are an other, you’re kind of an outsider, maybe even the enemy and that what you needed to do is to own your privilege and to give up a lot of standing in power that you shouldn’t have. And when you have that approach it really opens a door for a Donald Trump to say well these guys don’t like you, I do. These guys don’t want you, I do. These guys see you as unworthy, I see you as worthy. These guys want to put you down, I want to lift you up.
Views: 29881 Big Think
Incan Mummy Reveals Genetic Secrets From Before European Conquest
 
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DNA extracted from a mummy found in the Aconcagua mountains has revealed that there may have been an unknown diverse lineage among the natives of the region prior to the arrival of the Spanish in America. The 500-year-old mummy was sacrificed in ritual called capochoca, where a seven-year-old Incan boy was offered to the Gods. The boys DNA, which dates back more than 18,00 years, has disappeared among modern South Americans, which researchers believe can be explained as a result of colonization. Jose Marcelino Ortiz and Nik Zecevic break down the science and discovery on The Lip News. http://www.rawstory.com/2015/11/dna-from-centuries-old-incan-mummy-provides-scientists-with-clues-to-genetic-diversity/ http://thelip.tv/ http://www.youtube.com/theliptv2
Views: 6741 TheLipTV2
The News of Ghayb From The Qur’an, 4: CALAMITIES THAT BEFALL PHARAOH
 
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For more detailed information, you can visit the websites below. "We punished the people of Pharaoh with years (of drought) and shortness of crops; that they might receive admonition." (al-Araf, 130) So We sent (plagues) on them; wholesale Death Locusts, Lice, Frogs, and Blood: signs openly Self-explained; but they were steeped in arrogance, a people given to sin. (al-Araf, 133) Similar verses of the Qur’an of which one is given above inform about the calamities that befell Pharaoh and his community and mention calamities that were sent to them such as draught, flood, frog and blood. It is as follows: God Almighty sent an intense rain to the community of Pharaoh, who insisted on denial. The rain continued for eight days and nights and no one could go out; floods occurred as a result of the overflowing of the river Nile and destroyed houses, crops and animals. Upon this calamity, the people of Pharaoh came to Hz. Moses (PBUH) and said: “Pray your lord. Let Him revoke this calamity so that we can believe in you.” Hz. Moses prayed and the flood ended with the blessing of his prayer. However, they did not believe and insisted on their denial. Upon this, God Almighty gave them the calamity of locust as a sign and miracle. The flocks of locust which ate crops and the fruits reached up to the ceiling of houses as well as inside clothes. Upon this calamity, once again they came to Hz. Moses and wanted him to pray and let this calamity revoke and said to him that they would believe in him if he would do so. Upon this, Hz. Moses prayed again and with the blessing of his prayer, a strong wind came and poured the flocks of locust into the river. However, Pharaoh and his community, whose hearts were blackened, did not believe in this miracle either; and they broke their promise. Upon this, God Almighty sent them the calamity of insects. The insects ate the crops that remained from locusts and sucked their blood by entering their clothes. Hence, they came to Hz. Moses the third time and wanted him to pray and let him revoke this calamity and said him that they would believe in him if they would do so. Hz. Moses prayed again and God Almighty destroyed the insects. However, once again, Pharaoh and his community did not believe in him and said to Hz. Moses: “You are a magician. You are doing magic.” Upon this, God Almighty sent frogs over them. The frogs were so plentiful that their residing was full of frogs. Pharaoh and his community, who could not escape from these frogs, could not find any other way but going to Hz. Moses for the survival and wanted him to pray and let these frogs be destroyed. In return for this, they promised “This we will certainly believe in you”. Hz. Moses prayed again and with the blessing of his prayer, a rain came and poured all of the frogs into the sea. However, they did not believe in and continued their raunchiness. Upon this, God Almighty, poured blood over them and everything was drenched in blood including their drinks. Here the aforementioned verses of the Qur’an inform us about the calamites that befell Pharaoh and his community and give us a lesson of warning. So, what do history books say about the events that the Qur’an informs? Now, let us listen to the historical scripts about this subject: The Ipuwer papyrus that remained from the era of middle kingdom was founded at the beginning of 19th century. After being found in 1909, this papyrus was sent to Leiden Holland museum and translated by Gardiner. In this papyrus, calamities such as the draught, famine in Egypt are narrated as well as the escape of slaves. Besides, it is clearly understood that the author of this aforementioned papyrus, Ipuwer, is the eyewitness of these events. The following is mentioned about the calamites in Ipuwer papyruses which are also narrated in the Qur’an: “Plague is throughout the land. Blood is everywhere. The river is blood.” Forsooth, that has perished which yesterday was seen. The land is left over to its weariness like the cutting of flax… Lower Egypt weeps. The entire palace is without its revenues. To it belong (by right) wheat and barley, geese and fish. Forsooth, grain has perished on every side. The land-to its whole extent confusion and terrible noise… For nine days there was no exit from the palace and no one could see the face of his fellow. Towns were destroyed by mighty tides… Upper Egypt suffered devastation… blood everywhere… pestilence throughout the country… No one really sails north to Byblos today. What shall we do for cedar for our mummies?… Gold is lacking… Men shrink from tasting-human beings, and thirst after water. That is our water! That is our happiness! What shall we do in respect thereof? All is ruin! www.questionsonislam.com www.windowsofislam.com www.basicsofbelief.com
Views: 5269 Windows of Islam
Maize | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maize 00:02:04 1 History 00:02:13 1.1 Pre-Columbian development 00:06:37 1.2 Columbian exchange 00:08:14 2 Names 00:10:52 3 Structure and physiology 00:18:48 3.1 Abnormal flowers 00:19:25 4 Genetics 00:24:38 5 Breeding 00:27:43 5.1 Global maize program 00:28:10 5.2 Genetic modification 00:30:00 6 Origin 00:33:51 6.1 Connection with 'parviglumis' subspecies 00:37:26 6.2 Spreading to the north 00:38:36 7 Cultivation 00:38:45 7.1 Planting 00:44:03 7.2 Harvesting 00:47:50 8 Production 00:48:24 8.1 United States 00:49:17 9 Pests 00:49:26 9.1 Insects 00:51:45 9.2 Diseases 00:52:48 10 Uses 00:52:58 10.1 Human food 00:58:56 10.2 Nutritional value 01:00:12 10.3 Feed and fodder for livestock 01:01:58 10.4 Chemicals 01:02:36 10.5 Bio-fuel 01:08:18 10.6 Commodity 01:08:51 10.7 Ornamental and other uses 01:10:46 10.8 United States usage breakdown 01:12:26 11 Comparison to other staple foods 01:13:13 12 Hazards 01:13:23 12.1 Pellagra 01:15:51 12.2 Allergy 01:16:32 13 Art Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8006499361677886 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Maize ( MAYZ; Zea mays subsp. mays, from Spanish: maíz after Taino: mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago. The leafy stalk of the plant produces pollen inflorescences and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that yield kernels or seeds, which are fruits.Maize has become a staple food in many parts of the world, with the total production of maize surpassing that of wheat or rice. However, little of this maize is consumed directly by humans: most is used for corn ethanol, animal feed and other maize products, such as corn starch and corn syrup. The six major types of maize are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn.Maize is the most widely grown grain crop throughout the Americas, with 361 million metric tons grown in the United States in 2014 (Production table). Approximately 40% of the crop—130 million tons—is used for corn ethanol. Genetically modified maize made up 85% of the maize planted in the United States in 2009.Sugar-rich varieties called sweet corn are usually grown for human consumption as kernels, while field corn varieties are used for animal feed, various corn-based human food uses (including grinding into cornmeal or masa, pressing into corn oil, and fermentation and distillation into alcoholic beverages like bourbon whiskey), and as chemical feedstocks. Maize is also used in making ethanol and other biofuels.
Views: 7 wikipedia tts
Rear Window - Colombian Art: From Myth to Earth
 
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An account of two complimentary art exhibitions: ‘From Myth to Earth’, developed by British artists Gabriella Sonabend and Sol Bailey Barker as a result of their 6 month-long exploration of Colombian cultures and landscapes; and ‘Mitologia de la Tierra’, an exhibition by 7 contemporary Colombian artists in London. http://multimedia.telesurtv.net/v/rear-window-603571/
Views: 548 TeleSUR English
5 extinct species of the world Who ever lived on earth (Hindi) | Episode - 03
 
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5 Extinct Animals Information 1. Pyrenean Ibex - The Pyrenean ibex (Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica), Spanish common name bucardo, Catalan common name herc and French common name bouquetin was one of the four subspecies of the Iberian ibex or Iberian wild goat, a species endemic to the Pyrenees. Pyrenean ibex were most common in the Cantabrian Mountains, Southern France, and the northern Pyrenees. This species was common during the Holocene and Upper Pleistocene, during which their morphology, primarily some skulls, of the Pyrenean ibex was found to be larger than other Capra subspecies in southwestern Europe from the same time. 2. Heath Hen - The heath hen (Tympanuchus cupido cupido) was a distinctive subspecies of the greater prairie chicken, Tympanuchus cupido, a large North American bird in the grouse family, or possibly a distinct species, that became extinct in 1932. 3. Quagga - The quagga (Equus quagga quagga) was a plains zebra that lived in South Africa until becoming extinct late in the 19th century. It was long thought to be a distinct species, but early genetic studies have supported it being a subspecies of plains zebra. A more recent study suggested that it was merely the southernmost ecotype of the species. The name was derived from its call, which sounded like "kwa-ha-ha". 4. Carolina Parakeet - The Carolina parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis) or Carolina conure was a small green neotropical parrot with a bright yellow head, reddish orange face and pale beak native to the eastern, midwest and plains states of the United States and was the only indigenous parrot within its range, as well as one of only two parrots native to the United States (the other being the thick-billed parrot). It was found from southern New York and Wisconsin to Kentucky, Tennessee and the Gulf of Mexico, from the Atlantic seaboard to as far west as eastern Colorado. It lived in old-growth forests along rivers and in swamps. It was called puzzi la née ("head of yellow") or pot pot chee by the Seminole and kelinky in Chickasaw.Though formerly prevalent within its range, the bird had become rare by the middle of the 19th century. The last confirmed sighting in the wild was of the ludovicianus subspecies in 1910. The last known specimen perished in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo in 1918 and the species was declared extinct in 1939. 5.Labrador Duck - The Labrador duck (Camptorhynchus labradorius) was a North American bird; it has the distinction of being the first endemic North American bird species to become extinct after the Columbian Exchange, with the last known sighting occurring in 1878 in Elmira, New York. It was already a rare duck before European settlers arrived, and as a result of its rarity information on the Labrador duck is not abundant, although some, such as its habitat, characteristics, dietary habits and reasons behind its extinction, are known. There are 55 specimens of the Labrador duck preserved in museum collections worldwide. Research and Resources https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrenean_ibex https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heath_hen https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quagga https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carolina_parakeet https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labrador_duck Share,Support and Subscribe!!! https://www.facebook.com/knowledgegyaantv/ https://www.instagram.com/knowledgegyaantvofficial/ https://twitter.com/KnowledgegyaanT ---------------------------------------- Credit ---------------------------------------- Background Music Credit - https://www.bensound.com Disclaimer- Some contents are used for educational purpose under fair use. Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.
Views: 56 Knowledgegyaan Tv
The Bill Clinton Impeachment Explained: US History Review
 
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HipHughes rides the line between history and creepy as he explains the reasons for the Clinton Impeachment and acquittal. Subscribe to HipHughes History, it's stupid easy and free https://www.youtube.com/user/hughesdv?sub_confirmation=1&src_vid=hDjLSfWvNlQ&feature=iv&annotation_id=annotation_3651517591
Views: 64864 Hip Hughes
A Brief Political History of Colombia
 
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My book "No Chance: A Post-Modern Odyessy" is now available for pre-order please use the link below USA https://amzn.to/2yXHhMY Canada https://amzn.to/2R20aWr UK https://amzn.to/2AmXQE8 Australia https://amzn.to/2An3dmJ Germany https://amzn.to/2R6Tkiv France https://amzn.to/2JbGsF9 Brazil https://amzn.to/2CwqBzI Discord Server https://discord.gg/S8fRMA8 My book "No Chance: A Post-Modern Odyessy" is now avalible for pre-order please use the link below https://amzn.to/2R20aWr Discord Server https://discord.gg/S8fRMA8 My Discord Server https://discord.gg/5csyQWB If you want to interact with me or my viewers the link to my discord is https://discord.gg/YP5Ryxg Join my discord server to hangout with my viewers and me https://discord.gg/qyWJpSS You Can Contact Me on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/ArgentTemplar/ If You Enjoy My Content and Want to Support Me You Can Pledge to My Patreon Here https://www.patreon.com/argenttemplar Or For One Off Donations/ Tips Here https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_s-xclick&hosted_button_id=ZZYECTFE9GYWW I Have a Bitchute Which is Used To Host My Evangelion Explained Series https://www.bitchute.com/channel/argent/ You Can Also Watch My Streams on Twitch Please Follow https://www.twitch.tv/argent7771 You Can Contact Me on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/ArgentTemplar/ If You Enjoy My Content and Want to Support Me You Can Pledge to My Patreon Here https://www.patreon.com/argenttemplar Or For One Off Donations/ Tips Here https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_s-xclick&hosted_button_id=ZZYECTFE9GYWW I have a Bitchute But There Isn't Much There Yet https://www.bitchute.com/channel/argent/ My Main Online Presence is My YouTube Channel Please Subscribe https://www.youtube.com/user/LibertyandJustice771 The history of Colombia is one of almost continual political violence with the right more often winning then the left, but the country being a wasteland for much of the 19th and 20th century as a result. Recently though Colombia has begun to improve as hard line right winged governments have dramatically reduced political violence in the country. Follow Me on Twitter https://twitter.com/TeutonicTemplar If you enjoy what I do and want to support me and my content, please consider pledging to my patreon. https://www.patreon.com/argenttemplar My Main Online Pressence is My YouTube Channel Please Subscribe https://www.youtube.com/user/LibertyandJustice771 You Can Contact Me on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/ArgentTemplar/ Or Contact Me on Gab https://gab.ai/ArgentTemplar If You Enjoy My Content and Want to Support Me You Can Pledge to My Patreon Here https://www.patreon.com/argenttemplar Or For One Off Donations/ Tips Here https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_s-xclick&hosted_button_id=ZZYECTFE9GYWW I have a Bitchute But There Isn't Much There Yet https://www.bitchute.com/channel/argent/
Views: 14801 Argent
Degrees of Freedom & Effect Sizes: Crash Course Statistics #28
 
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Today we're going to talk about degrees of freedom - which are the number of independent pieces of information that make up our models. More degrees of freedom typically mean more concrete results. But something that is statistically significant isn't always practically significant. And to measure that, we'll introduce another new concept - effect size. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark Brouwer, Erika & Alexa Saur, Glenn Elliott, Justin Zingsheim, Jessica Wode, Eric Prestemon, Kathrin Benoit, Tom Trval, Jason Saslow, Nathan Taylor, Divonne Holmes à Court. Brian Thomas Gossett, Khaled El Shalakany, Indika Siriwardena, SR Foxley, Sam Ferguson, Yasenia Cruz, Eric Koslow, Caleb Weeks, Tim Curwick, D.A. Noe, Shawn Arnold, Ruth Perez, Malcolm Callis, Ken Penttinen, Advait Shinde, William McGraw, Andrei Krishkevich, Rachel Bright, Mayumi Maeda, Kathy & Tim Philip, Jirat, Eric Kitchen, Ian Dundore, Chris Peters -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 46247 CrashCourse
Street Backer | 4K Video | Indian Street Food
 
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Subscribe and Follow for upcoming videos https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC4EJH-mu8hpFhHt4dRJNtpw https://www.facebook.com/FoodandPlacestoU/ https://plus.google.com/b/104578086676108178634/?pageId=104578086676108178634 Street Food Indian Street Backer backing butter biscuits Since grains have been a staple food for millennia, the activity of baking is a very old one. Control of yeast, however, is relatively recent.[1] By the fifth and sixth centuries BCE, the ancient Greeks used enclosed ovens heated by wood fires; communities usually baked bread in a large communal oven.[1] Greeks baked dozens and possibly hundreds of types of bread; Athenaeus described seventy-two varieties.[2] In ancient Rome several centuries later, the first mass production of breads occurred, and "the baking profession can be said to have started at that time."[1] Ancient Roman bakers used honey and oil in their products, creating pastries rather than breads.[1] In ancient Rome, bakers (Latin, pistor) were sometimes slaves, who were (like other slave-artisans) sometimes manumitted.[3] Large households in Rome normally had their own bakers.[4] The Gauls are credited with discovering that the addition of beer froth to bread dough made well-leavened bread, marking the use of controlled yeast for bread dough.[5] In medieval Europe, baking ovens were often separated from other buildings (and sometimes located outside city walls) to mitigate the risk of fire.[5] Because bread was an important staple food, bakers' production factors (such as bolting yields, ingredients, and loaf sizes) were heavily regulated.[5] For example, Henry III of England promulgated the Assize of Bread and Ale in 1267, subjecting all commercial bakers and brewers to various fees in order to practice their trade and imposing various regulations, such as inspection and verification of weights and measures, quality control, and price controls.[6] Soon after the enactment of the Assize, "baking became a very stable industry, and was executed much more professionally than brewing, resulting in towns and villages having fewer bakers than brewers."[6] Because ovens were expensive capital investments and required careful operation, specialized bakeries opened.[6] Bakers were often part of the guild system, which was well-established by the sixteenth century: master bakers instructed apprentices and were assisted by journeymen.[5] In Amsterdam in 1694, for example, the cake-bakers, pie-bakers, and rusk-bakers separated from an earlier Bread Bakers Guild and formed their own guild, regulating the trade.[7] A fraternity of bakers in London existed as early as 1155, according to records of payments to the Exchequer; the Worshipful Company of Bakers was formed by charters dated 1486, 1569, and 1685. The guild still exists today, with mostly ceremonial and charitable functions. Five bakers have served as lord mayor of London.[8] The Columbian Exchange, which began in 1492, had a profound influence on the baking occupation.[5] Access to sugar greatly increased as a result of new cultivation in the Caribbean, and ingredients such as cocoa and chocolate became available in the Old World.[5] In the eighteenth century, processors learned how to refine sugar from sugar beets, allowing Europeans to grow sugar locally.[5] These developments led to an increase in the sophistication of baking and pastries, and the development of new products such as puff pastries and Danish dough.[5] A traditional baker in Poland, removes fresh bread from an oven with a long wooden peel and places it on a cooling rack Two important books on bread-baking were published in the 1770s: Paul-Jacques Malaouin published L'art du meinier, du boulanger et du vermicellier (The Art of the Miller, the Bread-Baker, and the Pasta-Maker) in 1775, and Antoine-Augustin Parmentier published Le parfair boulanger (The Perfect Bread-Baker) in 1778.[5] A study of the English city of Manchester from 1824-85, during the Industrial Revolution, determined that "baker and shopkeeper" was the third-most common occupation, with 178 male bakers, 19 female bakers, and eight bakers of unknown sex in the city at that time.[9] This occupation was less common that cloth manufacturer and tavern/public house worker, but more common than cotton spinner, merchant, calico printer, or grocer.[9] In 1895, the New York State Assembly passed a reformist "bakeshop law" which included protections for bakery workers; the law "banned employees from sleeping in the bakeries; specified the drainage, plumbing and maintenance necessary to keep the bakeries sanitary (cats were specifically allowed to stay on the premise—presumably to deal with the rats); limited the daily and weekly maximum of hours worked; and established an inspectorate to make sure these conditions were met."[10][11] The legislation was soon replicated in other states.[12]
Views: 166 Food and Places
Ecuentros I: New Approaches: Latin/American Art and its Intersections
 
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Part 1 of "Encuentros: Artistic Exchange between the U.S. and Latin America" Session 1: New Approaches: Latin/American Art and its Intersections. Speaker 1: Katherine Manthorne, professor of modern art of the Americas, City University of New York Graduate Center "Ambas Américas/Two Americas: A Proposal for Studying the Nineteenth Century". Speaker 2: Deborah Cullen, director of curatorial programs, El Museo del Barrio "Contact Zones: Places, Spaces, and Other Test Cases"E. Speaker 3: Carmen Ramos, curator for Latino art, Smithsonian American Art Museum "Inside and Out: The Latino Presence in American Art". This two-day symposium examines the exchange of artistic ideas and techniques between Latin America and the U.S. and explores the dialogue and influence that has developed as a result. Speakers include Valerie Fraser of the University of Essex, Itala Schmelz of the Museo de Arte Carrillo Gil, Edward Sullivan of the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University, Katherine Manthorne of City University of New York Graduate Center, and artist Luis Camnitzer.
Proto-globalization | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-globalization 00:02:02 1 Description 00:05:26 2 Precursors 00:09:20 3 Changes in trade systems 00:10:52 3.1 Atlantic slave trade 00:14:46 3.2 Plantation economy 00:15:36 3.2.1 Tobacco 00:17:46 3.2.2 Sugar cane 00:19:37 4 Hostilities, war, and imperialism 00:22:26 4.1 English Civil War 00:24:44 4.2 Anglo-Dutch War 00:26:01 4.3 French and Indian War 00:28:43 4.4 American Revolutionary War 00:31:45 5 Treaties and agreements 00:34:54 6 Transition into modern globalization 00:36:12 6.1 Shift in capital 00:38:43 6.2 Shift in culture 00:42:16 6.3 Shift in global networks 00:44:10 7 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8058202512041714 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-F "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Proto-globalization or early modern globalization is a period of the history of globalization roughly spanning the years between 1600 and 1800, following the period of archaic globalization. First introduced by historians A. G. Hopkins and Christopher Bayly, the term describes the phase of increasing trade links and cultural exchange that characterized the period immediately preceding the advent of so-called "modern globalization" in the 19th century.Proto-globalization distinguished itself from modern globalization on the basis of expansionism, the method of managing global trade, and the level of information exchange. The period of proto-globalization is marked by such trade arrangements as the East India Company, the shift of hegemony to Western Europe, the rise of larger-scale conflicts between powerful nations such as the Thirty Year War, and a rise of new commodities—most particularly slave trade. The Triangular Trade made it possible for Europe to take advantage of resources within the western hemisphere. The transfer of plant and animal crops and epidemic diseases associated with Alfred Crosby's concept of The Columbian Exchange also played a central role in this process. Proto-globalization trade and communications involved a vast group including European, Muslim, Indian, Southeast Asian and Chinese merchants, particularly in the Indian Ocean region. The transition from proto-globalization to modern globalization was marked with a more complex global network based on both capitalistic and technological exchange; however, it led to a significant collapse in cultural exchange.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
Restored Republic via a GCR Update as of March 19, 2019
 
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by Judy Byington http://inteldinarchronicles.blogspot.co.uk
Views: 5914 NEOTECH
Columbian on track to again get No. 1 pick overall in PBA draft
 
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COLUMBIAN Dyip is poised to get the top pick in the 2018 PBA Rookie Draft if the formcharts hold until the end of the 2018 PBA Governors' Cup. After losing their first five games in the season-ending conference, the Dyip are on pace to have the lowest cumulative performance for the season, which will give them first crack at the rookie pool in the coming draft. Columbian finished dead-last in the Philippine Cup, rose to ninth place thanks to import John Fields in the Commissioner's Cup, but has since crashed back to earth once more in this season-ending conference. Under league rules, results in the all-Filipino tournament (40 percent) carry more weight than in the two import-flavored conferences (30% each) in the tabulation for the rookie draft selections. Last year, the franchise, then known as Kia, drew flak for trading its No. 1 pick to powerhouse San Miguel in exchange for Ronald Tubid, Jay-R Reyes, Rashawn McCarthy and the Beermen's 2019 first-round draft pick. The Beermen used the first pick overall to draft Fil-German big man Christian Standhardinger. If Columbian holds on to its pick this time, it will have a luxury of picking prospects that can potentially change the course of a franchise like two-time ABL Local MVP Bobby Ray Parks, reigning NCAA MVP CJ Perez, and San Beda top gun Robert Bolick. Aside from the top selection, the Dyip will also have the right for San Miguel's first-round selection, expected to be at the bottom of the first round. They got SMB's pick in a three-way trade back in 2016 which sent Alex Mallari and Ryan Arana to Kia, Aldrech Ramos to Star (now Magnolia) and brought RR Garcia to the Beermen camp. Blackwater, Phoenix, and Meralco are also in contention to nab one of those top selections, but improved performances in the season-ending conference are bound to see them slip a few spots down the draft order. NorthPort, NLEX, and TNT also figure to be in contention for the top picks in the coming draft. TNT's pick may turn out to be valuable, but the KaTropa have already sent the first-round selection to Rain or Shine in the Jericho Cruz-for-Sidney Onwubere swap earlier this year. That should give the Elasto Painters two prized selections in the first round. Ginebra has also traded its first-round pick to Phoenix for Jeff Chan, although this pick is expected to fall in the bottom of the round. Alaska and Magnolia have held to their first-rounders so far, but these are only seen to figure in the bottom half of the first 12 selections.
Views: 3938 Basketball News
FARC, a history of social struggle of the Colombian people
 
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The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) is the oldest and most numerous guerrilla in Latin America. Its history is the result of the convergence of diverse expressions of the Colombian people's social struggles.
Views: 477 Prensa Latina
IGF 2012 - WS 191 - The influence of politics over internet users' access and diversity
 
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Today we are facing several issues on the access of people to several antent and services over the Internet, causing from the direct affects (and side-effects) of political actions and decisions made by politicians.
While politics is mainly a tool for governments to argue against each other, people are harming these arguments as a result of being victims of the decisions made by the government bodies, because of their authority and control on communication resources and internet as well.
Control over the content over the internet has always been an idea broadly talked about. Forbidden content has always been a place of arguments among internet rulers. While some type of content such as child pornography, violation of intellectual property rights and other cybercriminal activities are known as an illegal online activities worldwide, some countries' governments consider internet as a dangerous multipurpose media which is not enough under their control, trying to use different high tech methods and tools to control the access of their own internet users to such contents.
On the other hand, some countries do the same access blocking activity for other countries' internet users based on political sanctions and inter-governmental arguments. Despite of the logics behind each of these blocking type activities, there are common characteristics on both types: 1. Both type of blocking activities are a result of political thoughts, 2. The result would be the same in both: affecting the users' access to the internet (as a right for everyone), resulting in a significant negative impact on the diversity of internet. In this workshop the panelists would like to discuss more about this issue, its affects and possible solutions. http://wsms1.intgovforum.org/content/no191-influence-politics-over-internet-users-access-and-diversity
Theories of Global Stratification: Crash Course Sociology #28
 
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Today we’ll discuss two theories of global stratification. First, we’ll go over modernization theory and Walt Rostow’s Four Stages of Modernization. Next, we’ll explain dependency theory, the legacy of colonialism, and Immanuel Wallerstein’s Capitalist World Economy Model. Crash Course is made with Adobe Creative Cloud. Get a free trial here: https://www.adobe.com/creativecloud.html *** CC World History #23: The Columbian Exchange https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HQPA5oNpfM4 CC World History #33: Capitalism and Socialism https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B3u4EFTwprM CC Sociology course textbook: Sociology by John J. Macionis, 15th edition (2014) *** Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark Brouwer, Bob Kunz, mark austin, William McGraw, Ruth Perez, Jason A Saslow, D.A. Noe, Shawn Arnold, Eric Prestemon, Malcolm Callis, Advait Shinde, Thomas Frank, Rachel Bright, Khaled El Shalakany, Ian Dundore, Tim Curwick, Ken Penttinen, Indika Siriwardena, Alexander Tamas, Caleb Weeks, Kathrin Janßen, Nathan Taylor, Andrei Krishkevich, Brian Thomas Gossett, Chris Peters, Kathy & Tim Philip, Mayumi Maeda, Eric Kitchen, SR Foxley, Evren Türkmenoğlu, Tom Trval, Cami Wilson, Justin Zingsheim, Moritz Schmidt, Jessica Wode, Daniel Baulig, Jirat -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 102548 CrashCourse
PBA Rookie Draft 2018: Abu Tratter
 
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PBA Rookie Draft 2018: Abu Tratter Dec. 12 - 13, 2018 Draft Combine Gatorade Hoops Center Dec. 16, 2018 PBA Rookie Draft 5PM Robinsons Place Manila For more updates, subscribe here: http://bit.ly/PBAOfficial International subscription: http://kapatidinternational.com/subsc... Livestream: http://pba.ph/live For play-by-play, news and other updates follow: 📲www.twitter.com/pbaconnect 📸www.instagram.com/pbaconnect 🖥www.youtube.com/pbaofficial 📡Cignal Ch90 SD & Ch260 HD 📺TV5 📻92.3 FM #PBAGatoradeRookieDraft2018
Views: 2106 PBA Official
Age of Discovery | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Age of Discovery Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century) is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and was the beginning of globalization. It also marks the rise of the period of widespread adoption in Europe of colonialism and mercantilism as national policies. Many lands previously unknown to Europeans were discovered by them during this period, though most were already inhabited. From the perspective of many non-Europeans, the Age of Discovery marked the arrival of invaders from previously unknown continents. Global exploration started with the Portuguese discoveries of the Atlantic archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores, the coast of Africa, and the discovery of the sea route to India in 1498; and the Crown of Castile (Spain) the trans-Atlantic Voyages of Christopher Columbus to the Americas between 1492 and 1502 and the first circumnavigation of the globe in 1519–1522. These discoveries led to numerous naval expeditions across the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans, and land expeditions in the Americas, Asia, Africa and Australia that continued into the late 19th century, and ended with the exploration of the polar regions in the 20th century. European overseas exploration led to the rise of global trade and the European colonial empires, with the contact between the Old World (Europe, Asia and Africa) and the New World (the Americas and Australia) producing the Columbian Exchange; a wide transfer of plants, animals, food, human populations (including slaves), communicable diseases and culture between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. This represented one of the most-significant global events concerning ecology, agriculture and culture in history. The Age of Discovery and later European exploration allowed the global mapping of the world, resulting in a new world-view and distant civilizations coming into contact, but also led to the propagation of diseases that decimated populations not previously in contact with Eurasia and Africa and to the enslavement, exploitation, military conquest and economic dominance by Europe and its colonies over native populations. It also allowed for the expansion of Christianity throughout the world: with the spread of missionary activity, it eventually became the world's largest religion.
Views: 188 wikipedia tts
Foreign Exchange
 
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Foreign Exchange. When three foreign exchange students join the class you never quite know what to expect. Watch as Mallory deals with these unconventional visitors in their search for the answer they are looking for. Be Sure To Subscribe to Studio C ► https://goo.gl/ppFsJP Bring on the laughs! Sketch comedy for everyone. Watch Studio C on YouTube. Top 15 Most Viewed Studio C Videos: http://goo.gl/0pCAHR Season 7: https://goo.gl/QWUc6k Season 6: https://goo.gl/CYaQDG Season 5: http://goo.gl/jo8k4z Season 4: https://goo.gl/KUBK3e Season 3: https://goo.gl/W3ncbe Season 2: https://goo.gl/Swq4qh Season 1: https://goo.gl/VeQdXX Studio C YouTube Exclusives: http://goo.gl/9PDUq9 Watch Studio C Mondays at 10pm ET/8pm MT on BYUtv or online here: http://byutv.org/studioc Like Studio C on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/StudioCtv Follow Studio C on Instagram: http://instagram.com/studioctv Follow Studio C on Twitter: https://twitter.com/StudioC_tv Cast: "Adam Berg, Whitney Call, Mallory Everton, Jason Gray, Stacey Harkey, Natalie Madsen, Stephen Meek, Matt Meese, James Perry, Jeremy Warner" Director: Julian Riley Producer: Jared Shores Producer: Arthur Van Wagenen Writer: Matt Meese Editor: "A. Todd Smith, Ryan Terry" Thanks for watching Foreign Exchange - Studio C
Views: 3506499 Studio C
Colombia to eradicate illegal crops
 
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(27 Jan 2017) Criminal gangs are attempting to take over coca-growing regions in Colombia being abandoned by the leftist rebels to expand cultivation of the plant used to make cocaine, according to a leader of the country's largest guerrilla movement. The threats against communities in the northern Colombia and elsewhere are becoming more frequent as a peace deal reached last year between the government and Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia begins to be implemented, the rebel leader known as Pastor Alape said Friday. So far this year, 16 activists have been killed, Alape said, and authorities acknowledge that some of the murders may be the beginnings of a turf war waged by the powerful Usuga Clan and other groups to prevent a joint FARC-government eradication program from taking hold. "It's generating a situation of terror," said Alape, adding that it possible farmers could be driven off the land as a result of the pressure being exerted by the heavily-armed militias. Alape's warning comes as Colombia's government is struggling to rein in a booming coca harvest that has caught the attention of the Trump administration and could make it harder to pacify areas that the FARC is deserting. At Friday's event, the Colombian government unveiled plans to wean thousands of families off the coca trade as part of a peace deal with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia. The government hasn't renounced forced manual eradication to bring coca levels down, and in a nod to Washington Defense Minister Luis Carlos Villegas recently set an ambitious goal of eradicating 100,000 hectares of coca this year - or more than five times the 17,642 hectares destroyed in 2016. But the government's preferred strategy - one it committed to during peace talks - is to win over the hearts and minds of the estimated 64,000 peasant families that depend on the coca trade. Farmers who voluntarily substitute coca for legal crops will be eligible to receive monthly stipends as well as loans and technical assistance. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/f638475264ca68f68e14aabc7740723f Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 47 AP Archive
English Colonization of the Americas (APUSH Period 1)
 
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http://www.tomrichey.net This is a continuation of my video series on European Colonization (Spanish, French, Dutch, and English) of the Americas. A lot of students have watched the other videos as part of a summer assignment and have asked for help completing the rest of the graphic organizer. Here is the video y'all have requested. I'm such a man of the people!
Views: 49175 Tom Richey
Encuentros V - Transnational Encounters in the American Metropolis
 
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Part 5 of "Encuentros: Artistic Exchange between the U.S. and Latin America" Session 5: Transnational Encounters in the American Metropolis. Speaker 1: Valerie Fraser, professor of art history, University of Essex."Stanley William Hayter and Chilean Printmakers: New York, Paris, Santiago, 1940--55". Speaker 2: Ana Franco, Ph.D. candidate, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University."The New York/Bogotá Nexus: Geometric Abstraction in Colombian Art of the 1950s and 1960s". Speaker 3: Abigail McEwen, assistant professor of art history, University of Maryland, College Park."Havana-New York: Los Once and Abstract Expressionism in Cuba, 1953--63". Speaker 4: Luis Camnitzer, artist. "The Diaspora Muse". Closing Discussion moderated by Chon Noriega, director, Chicano Studies Research Center, University of California, Los Angeles. This two-day symposium examines the exchange of artistic ideas and techniques between Latin America and the U.S. and explores the dialogue and influence that has developed as a result. Speakers include Valerie Fraser of the University of Essex, Itala Schmelz of the Museo de Arte Carrillo Gil, Edward Sullivan of the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University, Katherine Manthorne of City University of New York Graduate Center, and artist Luis Camnitzer.