This episode explores how plate tectonic affect climate, including the formation of mountains and volcanoes. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 1:18 - mountain building - volcanic eruptions - overview of plate tectonics - plate boundaries - transform, convergent, divergent 1:19 - 4:32 - how climate is affected by plate tectonics - lateral movements - vertical movements - volcanic eruptions - how ocean currents are guided by continental boundaries - Example: climate without the Isthmus of Panama - oceanic mixing and biological shift 4:33 - 6:52 - surface uplift: mountains and plateaus - affect on air circulation - Himalayas and Asian Monsoon 6:53 - 9:21 - volcanic eruptions (subduction zones) - effect of ash and aerosols - effect of major erruptions on Earth's climate - Tambora Indonesia (1815) - Pinatubo, Phillippines (1991) Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 4980 Green Ninja Academy
This episode summarizes the geology and geography of petroleum and typical exploration and extraction techniques. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 3:51 - History of North America's first oil wells: Petrolia, ON and Titusville, PA - "Oil boom" 1860 - 1900 - Movement to Middle East and South America - Top 5 Countries: - oil production to date (since ~1860) - 2011 rate of oil production - remaining oil reserves 3:52 - 6:55 - Geography of the Middle East - bodies of water, countries - contains 60% of the world's petroleum reserves - map of oil field locations in the Middle East - Ghawar 6:56 - 12:38 - Why is oil concentrated in the Middle East? - Geological explanation - How to make exploitable petroleum - source rock - permeability - diagram of a vertical slice through Earth's crust - anticlines, pinchout 12:39 - 17:49 (end) - Exploration and production steps - test wells and "primary production" phase -- free-flowing petroleum - secondary recovery, injection wells and how they work - tertiary recovery, heating oil by injecting steam to reduce viscosity - Production history of an oil field Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University
Views: 51277 Green Ninja Academy
Professional Animation Story Artist Jeff Biancalana held a workshop where he explained story structure and helped apply it to Green Ninja films. In this part, Jeff explains the "Story Spine." Lecture playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLfgw9o_pQzKK0sAmVlrkoao6RpqoErXOD&feature=mh_lolz Download Story Spine Worksheet: http://www.greenninja.org/presentation/essence-of-storytelling-lecture-worksheet 0:17 - Character Arc 2:22 - What is "Story Spine"? 2:56 - Once Upon a Time 7:54 - The Rules of the Universe 9:18 - Everyday 9:35 - But One Day (Inciting Incident) 11:09 - Because of That 11:50 - Because of That, Because of That, Because of That... 14:55 - Until Finally (Climax) 16:14 - And Ever Since That Day (Resolution) 18:25 - Climax vs Resolution Jeff's Notes: ==Thoughts on story spine The story spine is a common format for thinking about story. It is representative of a three act structure that has a beginning, a middle and an end. This may sound obvious, but it is often overlooked by inexperienced storytellers. The Spine 1. "Once upon a time" - This is an opportunity to teach your audience. Who is your character, and what are the rules of the universe he/she lives in. Do we like him? Is he a good person or a bad person? How will we get the audience to root for them? 2. "Until one day" - The inciting incident. This is a pivotal moment that alters the character in some way. It forces them to do something they don't want to do. It exposes something that is lacking in their life, or inspires them to do something different. Whatever it is it should be an emotional moment. 3. "And because of this" - The Hero's quest begins. Our main character has now stepped out of their comfort zone and has put themselves into a position of risk. 4. "And because of this" - This may represent the start of act two for a feature, but it can be repeated as much as necessary. Probably not needed for shorts but could be used. The important thing to remember is the emotional value must change. It will switch between positive and negative, growing in intensity until it peaks near the end of act 3. 5. "Until finally" - The quest is completed. The hero finds a solution to the problem. This is the climax of the film. It should be the emotional peak of your story. It often involves the hero sacrificing himself or being sacrificed for. There is almost always risk at this point. The greater the risk, the stronger the emotion. It is important to understand that a character is defined by the decisions he/she makes under pressure. This is true throughout the story, but never so much as at this point. The risk is placed not on the hero, but on everything the hero holds dear. 6. "And ever since that day" - The audience learns how things have changed. In traditional storytelling things are for the better. Our hero has changed, and grown into a better person or has affected those around him in a positive way. Or Both! Films on YouTube: Casablanca https://www.youtube.com/movie/casablanca The Matrix https://www.youtube.com/movie/thematrix Free Birds https://www.youtube.com/movie/free-birds Horton Hears a Who! https://www.youtube.com/movie/dr-seuss-horton-hears-a-who
Views: 1713 Green Ninja Academy
Professional Animation Story Artist Jeff Biancalana held a talk as part of a Green Ninja/BAESI workshop titled Climate Change, Scientific Storytelling, and the Green Ninja. He lead a group of middle and high school science teachers through the essential components of telling a story, and then analyzed a number of short films and Green Ninja episodes to see how structure of a good story is created and implemented. Full Lecture Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLfgw9o_pQzKK0sAmVlrkoao6RpqoErXOD&feature=mh_lolz 0:41 - Jeff introduces self, background 4:08 - Tips for film students 5:20 - About reading 6:14 - Recommended books Suggested Reading: How To Draw Comics The Marvel Way, by Stan Lee and John Buscema This is a great book for kids. It is a very simple breakdown of how to tackle some of the fundamentals of drawing. Encourage students to trace and copy from the book. Picture This, How pictures work, by Molly Bang A fun book that explains how composition affects our emotional reaction to an image. This book is better suited for teenagers and adults who want to create compelling visuals in their films and drawings. Cinematic Storytelling, by Jennifer Van Sijll Another great book on how film is composed to generate an emotional response. Good for teenagers and adults. Save The Cat, by Blake Snyder A great book for understanding the way stories for feature films are composed. Definitely for adults, but written in a way that the information could be easily translated for a younger audience without too much effort. The Five C's of Cinematography, by Joseph V. Mascelli The bible of the technical aspect of filmmaking. Everything you need to visually support your story. Camera Angles Continuity Cutting Close Ups Composition
Views: 2226 Green Ninja Academy
This episode reviews how the climate has been undergoing an accelerated change in the last couple hundred years, and it pointsout the evidence that suggests certain human activities are contributing to it. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 3:01 - Greenhouse gas values of CO2, N2O, CH4 - world population growth - exponential functions 3:02 - 6:44 - acceleration of human activity - fertilizer consumption - water use - foreign investment - energy use by humans (by era) 6:45 - 8:52 - How some human activities influence climate - burning fossil fuels - fertilizers and agriculture - livestock - deforestation - modern technology Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 636 Green Ninja Academy
This episode continues our investigation of current climate change by exploring the climate of the past and the techniques used to do so in present day. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 1:24 - Defining paleoclimate - Why study paleoclimate? - Proxies and why they're used - What types of proxies are there? 1:25 - 3:02 - Tree rings as proxies - How they are used 3:03 - 7:59 - Ice cores as proxies - Isotopes (hydrogen and oxygen), bubbles - Antarctica and Vostok - How ice cores are used - Figure of ice core data 8:00 - 9:36 - Sedimentary particles (fossils and pollen) as proxies 9:37 - 12:58 - Diagnostic rock types - Coal deposits, salt or gypsum deposits, glaciers - Evidence of past glaciers - Moraine, smoothing striations, erratics 12:59 - 18:28 (end) - Maps showing the extent of ice in North America - Relation to pine trees receding north - Pollen trends - Deglaciation of North America - Lakes near the edge of glaciers - Breakout of fresh water to North Atlantic and its effect on the Great Ocean Conveyor Belt (Younger-Dryas cooling) - Plot of Greenland temperature during the Younger-Dryas cooling Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 7570 Green Ninja Academy
This episode explores the critical energy crisis that modern society faces, also known as "Peak Oil". Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 3:23 - M. King Hubbert (geologist) - Hubbert Curve - "Peak Oil" - meaning and public understanding 3:24 - 6:15 - Hubbert prediction of United States peak oil (1970s) - Discovery of Alaskan oil - Hubbert's prediction for global peak oil (1995) "if present trends continue" 6:16 - 11:10 - global oil production 1960 - 2003 - "Bumpy Plateau" of oil production (2004 - present) 11:11 - 12:39 - reaction to Peak Oil from economists, politicians, and oil companies 12:40 - end - 11 other observations that say this is the end of Easy Oil 1. all low-hanging fruit is gone 2. Declining discoveries 3. Declining giant fields 4. Rapid declines in conventional oil fields - North Sea oil - North American oil - Indonesian oil Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 1663 Green Ninja Academy
This episode defines energy and the different energy resources. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 0:26: Introduction 0:27 - 4:46 (end) - Definition of energy - Different kinds of energy - Energy transformations - Efficiency - Energy resources are found in all spheres of the earth (geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, cosmosphere) Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 2683 Green Ninja Academy
This episode explores the role of the ocean on the global climate, including ocean composition and circulation patterns. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 2:41: Introduction and Terminology - Ocean composition and circulation: internal factors that humans can influence - The Oceans: names and locations - Antarctica and its ice 2:42 - 6:06 - Sea level controlled by two factors - 1. Melting/formation of glaciers - 2. Temperature of sea water - Map of what the U.S. coastlines used to look like at the end of the last ice age - Florida, Gulf Coast, and California 6:07 - 8:33 - Ocean composition - salinity and global variability 8:34 - 13:15: Ocean pH - Connection between ocean pH and atmospheric CO2 - Ocean acidification - Can humans change the ocean pH back to normal levels? - The effect of lower pH on marine ecosystems - Global distribution of coral reefs 13:16 - 16:19: Ocean Currents - Ocean circulation and currents - Driven by two processes: air pressure and density - Surface currents - Coriolis effect, Ekman Spiral, and Gyres 16:20 - 20:51 (end): Thermohaline - Density depends on variations in temperature and salinity - Temperature variations - Salinity variations - Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC) - or Global Conveyor Belt - Diagram of the North Atlantic current - How temperature is distributed due to MOC Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 2419 Green Ninja Academy
This episode examines how the Earth's atmosphere transmits electromagnetic radiation, and how certain molecules in the atmophere cause we we call the greenhouse effect. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 0:34: Introduction 0:35 - 5:07 - Earth's energy budget - Albedo - Incoming energy balances with outgoing energy at all levels of the atmosphere (top of atmosphere, middle of atmosphere, Earth's surface) - Units of W/m^2 5:08 - 8:38 - Changing the Earth's Energy Budget - Scenario 1: No greenhouse gases - Scenario 2: Greenhouse gases increase by 50% 8:39 - 12:35 (end) - Comparing Venus and Earth -Differences in albedo, surface temperature, and mass of atmosphere - Why is Venus's surface temperature so much higher than Earth's? - Runaway greenhouse effect Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 13247 Green Ninja Academy
This episode examines external factors that affect climate, such as solar variations, orbital variations, and impacts of extraterrestrial bodies. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 0:15 Introduction 0:16 - 1:54 - Global factors that affect climate - External or internal factors? Can these be affected by humans? - External: - Solar variations - Orbital variations - Impacts of extraterrestrial bodies 1:55 - 4:24 - Introduction to the sun - Solar Variation - sunspots - How solar variation affects climate 4:25 - 9:06 - Why solar variations are NOT a major factor in climate change 9:08 - 13:41 - Orbital variations - Eccentricity 13:42 - 16:52 - Obliquity - Precession - Milankovich Theory 16:53 - 18:47 (end) - Impacts of extraterrestrial bodies - "K-T Event" on the Yucatan Peninsula Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 1321 Green Ninja Academy
This episode explores the history of human energy consumption and modern trends in energy consumption. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 5:06: Introduction -History of humans and energy sources - sunlight and photosynthesis - energy sources needed - how fossil fuels changed the economy - Bar graphs of: - total energy use by all humans by era - energy use per person by era - types of energy sources used over time (wood, coal, petroleum, etc.) 5:07 - 7:39 - Petroleum: description - hydrocarbons - crude oil - natural gas - link between fossil fuels and climate - combustion 7:40 - 8:41 - use of petroleum by humans over the last few millenia - natural petroleum seeps 8:42 - 11:21 - U.S. consumption of energy sources in kWh - global comparisons of energy use and oil consumption 11:22 - 16:08 - U.S. energy sources, use, and purposes - Percent of energy from renewables, fossil fuels, etc. - dependence on fossil fuels - energy lost Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 3127 Green Ninja Academy
This episode investigates the Easth's carbon cycle, and how it has been affected by human activities. Topics covered in this episode: 0:00 - 3:47 - What is carbon? - Reservoirs (pools and sinks) - Flux (transfer, processes) - 3 key fluxes: photosynthesis, respiration, combustion 3:48 - 7:58 - Carbon cycle diagrams - Reservoirs and fluxes - Equilibrium over time between fluxes - examples with the ocean and atmosphere 7:59 - 11:43 (end) - The total amount of carbon has not changed, but has been moved around by humans; no longer in equilibrium - How carbon fluxes have changed due to humans Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 4082 Green Ninja Academy
This episode talks about the pieces of evidence that indicate that the Age of "Easy Oil" is over. Additionally, unconventional oil resources are explored. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 4:13 - 11 other observations that say this is the end of Easy oil (continued from Part I) 5. Collapse of supergiant fields - Mexico's Contarell (world's 3rd largest oil field) 6. Problematic unconventional reserves - tar sands, oil shale, heavy crude oil 4:14 - 9:39 7. more expensive to find and develop petroleum 8. huge increase in drilling is not reflected in production 9. Workforce shortfall by 2010 10. Global demand (Asia) 11. Net exports are declining - projections of production, consumption, export, and import by 2020 9:40 - 13:09 - Peak oil in higher, mainstream media - Fatih Birol: economist of IEA on oil - German military think tank - U.S. Department of Defense in "Joint Operating Environment 2010" 13:10 - 15:34 - Bob Hirsch, energy advisor and his estimate for decline in energy - "What's next?" - Deepwater Horizons disaster in Gulf of Mexico 15:35 - 17:22 - Figure of global oil production: 0 - 4000 AD - Low-hanging fruit is gone - petroleum is nonrenewable: how can we respond to the end of easy oil? Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 949 Green Ninja Academy
This episode reviews the greenhouse effect and how it relates to human activities and global warming. 0:00-3:15 -Natural Greenhouse Effect without human interaction -Solar radiation and albedo relationship -Infrared radiation and Greenhouse gas relationship 3:16-6:20 -Incoming radiation vs. Outgoing radiation -Wavelengths: short vs. long -Gas absorption of different wavelengths of radiation 6:21-8:30 -Greenhouse gas properties (trace gases) -Transparency vs. Opaqueness -Major GHG's (H2O, CO2, CH4, N2, O3) 8:31-10:12 -How a Greenhouse actually works
Views: 1804 Green Ninja Academy
This episode explains when and how the climate has changed before and how it difers from current climate change. 0:00-1:12 -Introduction (Yes!) 1:13-2:48 -Measurements of CO2 content from 400 million years: relationship to glaciers and temperature 2:49-4:50 -More recent temperature oscillations (500,000 year timeline) due to Milankovitch cycles -CO2 effect on intensity of temperature change 4:51-6:03 -1200 year timeline -Tree ring width, chemical signatures in ice cores, and meteorological records 6:04-7:07 -Logic of past climate changes and current climate change causes
Views: 582 Green Ninja Academy
This episode discusses the factors that explain why carbon dioxide and temeperature don't correlate perfectly. 0:00-1:27 -Global Temperature and CO2 graphical representation -Decade to Decade time scale variability 1:28-4:06 -Graphs of isolated scenarios for temperature change (Anthropogenic greenhouse gases, Anthropogenic Aerosols, Volcanic Aerosols, and Solar radiation) -Graphs of all influences combined 4:07-7:34 -Internal Variability (changes in ocean heat absorption) -Fictional Example of isolated Internal Variability and example with combined Greenhouse Gases
Views: 6086 Green Ninja Academy
This episode provides an introdcution to the sun, energy and radiation. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 4:00 - The sun (radiation and plasma) - Solar flares 4:01 - 6:44 - Calculation of the time it takes for plasma from the sun to reach the earth - Equation: v = d/t - Scientific notation 6:45 - 8:43 - The effects of solar plasma on Earth and humans: - Auroras - Fried electronics (electrical outages) - Possible climate impacts (sunspots) 8:44 - 13:22 (end) - Radiation: - Energy transfer: conduction, convection & radiation - Electromagnetic radiation (e.g. radio waves, microwaves) - Wavelength (lambda) - Electromagnetic spectrum - Shorter wavelength, more energy - Stefan-Boltzmann - Weins Law and an example Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 3610 Green Ninja Academy
This episode investigates systems and feedbacks to understand how cliamte operates. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 3:28 - What is a complex system? - Linear vs non-linear 3:29 - 8:53 - Equilibrium and stability 8:54 - 12:17 - Feedbacks (positive and negative) - Examples of feedbacks 12:18 - 19:10 (end) - Climate forcings and feedback loops - Feedback examples: ice-albedo, cloud coverage, bobcats and rabbits Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 1474 Green Ninja Academy
This episode introduces climate change. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 2:55 - Difference between climate and weather - Why is climate so difficult to understand? 2:56 - 6:07 - How climate changes naturally (e.g. ice ages) - How humans have changed land use (e.g. pastures and croplands) 6:08 - 8:52 - Average world temperarture and sea level - Arctic sea ice and ice proxies 8:53 - 12:00 - CO2 concentrations 12:01 - 12:33 (end) - Greenhouse gases N2O, CH4 - Overview of how all 3 gases (CO2, N2O, CH4) show the same exponential increase with human population - Ice cores Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 4953 Green Ninja Academy
This episode examines factors that affect regional climate, including altitude, latitude, mountains, proximity to oceans, axial tilts and pressure systems. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 1:05 - Earth's climate system: the major players - Fundamental controls of regional climate 1:06 - 4:28 - Axial tilt - Sun angle and insolation - Reason for seasons 4:29 - 6:16 - Latitude - Tropics and how energy is transferred from the tropics to other latitudes 6:17 - 8:48 - Pressure systems - Basic weather rules - High and low pressure - Rising and sinking air, warm and cool air - Deserts - Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) 8:49 - 9:32 - Altitude 9:33 - 10:27 - Mountains - windward and leeward sides 10:28 - 12:39 (end) - Proximity to large bodies of water - Land and water heat capacities - Map of daily mean temperature in July and January Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 8260 Green Ninja Academy
This episode explains how scientists use analytical models to evaluate climate, involving both natural and human forcings. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 1:54 - Earth's climate system - A brief definition of global climate models - General Circulation Models - Diagram of a complete 6-Box climate model (very complicated) 1:55 - 4:33 - Grid Spacing - How climate models handle small scale features - Parameterizations 4:34 - 8:49 - Simulation tests - Simulating recent climate - Can simulate natural forcings only or natural and anthropogenic 8:50 - 10:44 - Climate forcing diagram 10:45 - 11:58 (end) - Tipping points - Feedbacks cause a more complex climate Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 779 Green Ninja Academy
This episode investigates social scenerios of the future and how they will influece climate. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 0:25: Introduction 0:26 - 2:13 - How are ideas communicated? - How are climate change ideas communicated? - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2:14 0 6:05 - What choices will humans make in the future about land use, resource exploitation and consumption, etc? - IPCC Scenarios - Main families: A1, A2, B1, and B2, with an explanation of each one 6:05 - 12:15 (end) - Examples of IPCC scenarios - Using scenarios in climate projections - Examples: - Carbon dioxide from 2000 - 2100 - Projections for the 21st century under all scenarios - Projected temperature increase with the A2 scenario Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 436 Green Ninja Academy
This episode explores the factores that would cause the Earth's climate to change. 0:00-0:45 -Introduction 0:45-2:50 -Fundamentals of Physics: Temperature -Energy Budget 2:51-5:45 -Family Budget Analogy (Income Earnings and Spendings) 5:46-6:41 -Earth's system relationship to family budget analogy -Incoming solar radiation vs. infrared radiation
Views: 474 Green Ninja Academy
This episode talks about the methodology for predicting the average weather in the future. 0:00-1:35 -Weather forecasts are uncertain after 5-8 days -We can't! 1:37-2:59 -Wave analogy -Individual waves are random, but tides are predictable 3:00-3:57 -Dice analogy -Converges to number 7 after hundreds of rolls 3:58-6:14 -Graph of San Jose 2013 temperature average and long term trends
Views: 167 Green Ninja Academy
A quick demo showing how the Energy Tracker works for a small group of students. More info on the Green Ninja Smart Energy Contest and the Energy Tracker can be found here: energytracker.greenninjavps.org If you would like to have your class participate in the contest, contact us at [email protected]
Views: 147 Green Ninja Academy
This episode investigate the compostion of the atmosphere, its layers: troposphere and stratosohere, and how they make life in earth possible. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 3:17 - Composition of the earth's atmosphere - Gases: N2 (78%), O2 (21%), other (1%) - Other gases: CO2, O3, Ne, He, CH4, etc. - Layers of the Atmosphere - Stratosphere: O3 layer, CFCs - Sroposphere: ~12 km thick 3:18 - 5:34 - How radiation gets through the atmosphere - Sun's radiation: insolation = INcoming SOLar radiATION - Earth's radiation: Infrared (IR) - Greenhouse gases absorb earth's IR and reemit 5:35 - 8:10 - Earth's average temperature - Blackbody radiation - Greenhouse effect: list and flowchart 8:11 - 10:18 (end) - Surface Energy Budget - Albedo Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
Views: 3346 Green Ninja Academy
This episode reviews the lines of evidence that suggest human activities are the cause of climate change. 0:00-3:00 Fundamental physics of Greenhouse Effect -Gas absorption of radiation -Documented human caused increase in atmospheric Greenhouse gases -Graphical relationship of temperature increase and Greenhouse gas increase 3:01-7:05 Signatures of an enhanced Greenhouse Effect -Measuring Greenhouse gases and observed changes in long wave radiation -Ocean circulation changes and graphical representation of temperature change on land and oceans. 7:06-11:33 Natural phenomena don't explain observed warning -Milankovitch cycles, formation of continents, biogeochemical processes -Volcanic eruption, solar radiation, and Greenhouse gas increase plots
Views: 1098 Green Ninja Academy
This episode examines the human contribution to greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. 0:00-2:06 -Small percentage of CO2 can cause spike in CO2 concentration 2:07-4:58 -Carbon cycle -Description of flux between atmosphere, biosphere, and hydrosphere -Industrial revolution carbon flux and imbalance 4:59-7:30 -Bathtub analogy -Accumulations of small percentages 7:31-8:28 -Graph of CO2 concentrations 8:29-10:11 -Laws on CO2 control 10:12-11:37 -Plant and animal interaction (internal) -External Sources
Views: 1121 Green Ninja Academy
This episode looks at the evidence that suggests the Earth is getting warmer. 0:00-1:48 -Meteorological Stations -Records from 1880-2010 -1.2 Degree rise 1:49-2:20 -Weather Balloons -Records form 1950-2010 2:21-2:55 -Satellite -Records from 1979-2011 2:56-8:44 -Frozen water (Cryosphere) measurements -Photographical evidence (4:12) -Length of glaciers (4:40) -Arctic sea ice measurements (5:30) -Mass of ice sheets and gravitational pulls (7:15) -Snow coverage and frozen ground
Views: 1566 Green Ninja Academy
This episode reviews scientific reports that summarize potential cliamte change impacts. 0:00-1:44 -Temperature anomaly over past couple hundred years and current rate of warming 1:45-3:34 -Temperature changes in New York and Washington D.C. -Location and local climate movement 3:35-5:51 -Mean increase diagram -Extremes (More record high's) -Ratio of record high's and low's 5:52-8:10 -Precipitation change -Future projections 2090-2099 -Heavy rain, droughts, and floods 8:11-9:23 -Sea level rise 9:24-11:03 -IPCC chart on Global Warming impacts
Views: 529 Green Ninja Academy
This episode explains why certain periods of time in certain regions can be cooler than the average, and how that does not disprove that an overall climate warming is happening. 0:00-2:25 -10 year moving average vs. 12 month moving average -Long term change vs. Year to year variability 2:26-6:00 -Local temperature and cold/warm air masses -Global average change vs. Local average change -Temperature anomalies for 2010 6:01-9:37 -Time series plots for Washington D.C. and other major cities from 1750-2010 -Comparison of global time series plots
Views: 785 Green Ninja Academy
This episode talks about our ability to limit greenhouse gas emissions to avoid potential impacts. 0:00-2:10 -Sources of Greenhouse gases 2:11-5:48 -Emissions vs. Concentrations 5:49-8:12 -Scenarios of CO2 emissions and temperature change -Reduction of 80% and leveling of concentration 8:13-9:08 -Current CO2 emission standings
Views: 423 Green Ninja Academy
Professional Animation Story Artist Jeff Biancalana held a workshop where he explained story structure and helped apply it to short films. Here, they analyze two episodes of the Green Ninja Show: "For Goodness Rake" and "Styrofoam Man" Full Lecture playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLfgw9o_pQzKK0sAmVlrkoao6RpqoErXOD&feature=mh_lolz 0:30 - For Goodness Rake https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EwhrjNM1p4s 7:29 - Styrofoam Man https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T9TsdSPFXno Story Spine Full explanation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NMJhmFsI-e0 1. Once upon a time 2. Until one day 3. And because of this 4. Because of that, because of that, because of that... 5. Until Finally 6. And ever since that day ==Extra: Jeff's Example Green Ninja Episode Establishing shots- (Once Upon a time) Los Angeles. Several shots of congested freeways and highways. Bumper to bumper cars. Exhaust pours out of shivering tailpipes and semi exhaust stacks. Each shot gets closer until a puff of exhaust wipes camera in black soot. Introduce our character- Hot Rod Hal- he sits in his GIANT SUV revving the motor. He text messages and honks his horn at the same time. Several shots of blatant fuel waste gags. Hal letting his car run while he is in the shower. Hal using his car to get the mail. Hal doing donuts in a parking lot. Hal stopping every block to fill up his tank. Hot Rod Hal blasts by a public transportation hub, almost running over several pedestrians waiting for the bus. (This is a set up for the end as well as character defining) (Until one day) Suddenly the Green Ninja appears in the middle of the street. Hot Rod Hal pushes the accelerator to the floor This is staged like a vintage samurai battle. The green ninja and the giant SUV rush towards one another and pass with seemingly little effect. They both turn to face each other and stop. The SUV slides in half, the loser. Hot Rod Hal spills into the street. He is furious. The green Ninja appears next to him with a ball of smoke. Hot Rod Hal, angry asks the Green Ninja- WHY? The Green Ninja explains that Hot Rod Hal has been using up natural resources and creating excessive pollution. Hot Rod Hal doesn't understand. (and because of this) The Green Ninja decides to show him what the result of his inconsiderate behavior will be. "Let me show you" He uses his future punch to knock Hal into the future. (He hits him so hard he goes into the future!) Then hits himself so he can Join Hal. In the future we see a road warrior style LA. The air is full of smoke. Hockey pad wearing barbarians drive around on modified trucks and motorcycles. A guy with a flame thrower tries to fend him off. Another guy (humongous) talks into a loud speaker telling everyone to surrender the remaining fuel to him to him. (Full on Road warrior parody) (and because of this) Hal is terrified. He can't believe what he is seeing. The Green Ninja stands over him surveying the destruction of future earth. This is what you will bring upon us, unless you change your ways. (Until FInally) Hal is ready to learn. TGN hits them both with his past punch, knocking them back to whence they came. Need a Road Warrior gag here (and ever since that day) Flash forward and Hal walks to the very public transportation hub that he once scorned. As he climbs onto a bus he notices the green ninja watching him in the distance. They smile at each other knowingly. The electric public bus buzzes away and the green ninja watches from his vantage point. One step at a time he says. One step at a time.... Fade to black.
Views: 379 Green Ninja Academy
Professional Animation Story Artist Jeff Biancalana held a workshop where he explained story structure and helped apply it to short films. Here, they analyze two Academy Award winning animated shorts: "Father & Daughter" and "Munro" Lecture playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLfgw9o_pQzKK0sAmVlrkoao6RpqoErXOD&feature=mh_lolz Father and Daughter - Winner 2000 Academy Award for Animated Short https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pePhP-qRzSc Munro - Winner 1960 Academy Award for Animated Short https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AZey6toSToc Story Spine Full explanation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NMJhmFsI-e0 1. Once upon a time 2. Until one day 3. And because of this 4. Because of that, because of that, because of that... 5. Until finally 6. And ever since that day ==Short Film Comparison These two shorts exhibit very different styles of information distribution. Father and Daughter is completely visual, lacking any dialogue, while Munro relies heavily on narration and dialogue. Certainly the feel is very different. I think working without any dialogue presents a challenge to the filmmaker. He will have many obstacles to overcome. I also find that as an audience member my brain comes alive when spoken language is absent. I start asking more questions about what I am seeing. In the end some films may be better suited for one or the other, and it is the creators responsibility to determine which one, or what combination of both will best suit his endeavors. ==Story Spine in Father and Daughter "Once upon a time" - A little girl and her father ride out to the shore. Her father says goodbye and leaves in a boat. "Until one day" - Inciting incident is that her father does not return. She must live without him. "And because of this" - she moves on with her life. She grows older, has friends, a family of her own and becomes an old lady. "And because of this" - We see the pattern of positive and negative repeated here. She does move on and shows signs of a good life. And yet, each positive beat is met with a negative beat of longing for her lost father. She never gives up on him, even as an old woman who has lived beyond what her father could have. "Until Finally" - She dies. This is the resolution to the problem. Her father would never be able to return to her. She finds his sunken boat in the middle of what had once been a vast body of water. The only way she can end her sadness is through death. "And ever since that day" - She is with her father once again. They meet in death and embrace each other lovingly. Beautiful! I love a happy ending! == In Closing Making a film is not unlike painting. There are many styles of painting, but at the core the fundamentals are the same. The true masters are the ones who learn these fundamentals and then break the rules to create something new. The fundamentals of filmmaking work very much the same. Why animation? We ask this question a lot when we are making feature animated films. Why are we spending all of this time and money to animate it? What are we doing that can't be done in live action? What are we showing the audience that they will never see in this world that we live in. It is in my opinion one of the greatest forms of creative expression ever committed by man. We have the ability to go as far as our imaginations can go, and we have just scratched the surface. When making your films, ask yourself if you are taking advantage of the medium. Ask yourself if you are going as far as you need to in order to express your intent. And then push it farther!
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This episode overviews some not-so-familiar energy resources, as well as renewable and sustainable resources. Topics covered in this video: 0:00 - 0:24: Introduction 0:25 - 3:16 - An overview of energy resources - Hydroelectric Power (rivers, water) 3:17 - 4:17 - Waves (driven by winds) - How does it work? - Where is it useful? 4:18 - 7:30 - Tides - Possibility of underwater tidal energy farms - Why not use them yet? 7:30 - 8:56 - Geothermal energy - Where are these resources highest? - Volcanoes, fault lines 8:57 - 12:45 - Renewable and sustainable resources - Perpetual, renewable, and non-renewable - Which energy sources are perpetual? - Rate of natural replenishment vs. rate of consumption - Defining sustainable Created by Prof. Richard Sedlock at San Jose State University.
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